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Burkeville (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 6.34
is much virtue in if, I am here to relate the actual events of the defence, rather than to speculate upon what might have been. First battle of Reams' station. On the same day, Wilson with his cavalry struck the Weldon railroad at Reams' Station, destroyed the track for several miles, and then pushed westward to the Southside road. Here, while tearing up the rails at Blacks-and-whites, having dispatched Kautz, meanwhile, to destroy the junction of the Southside and Danville roads at Burkeville, he was sharply assailed by W. H. F. Lee, who had followed him with his division of cavalry, and who now wrested from him the road upon which the raiders were moving. Again and again did Wilson seek to wrest it back, but Lee could not be dislodged. The combat was renewed next day, lasting from midday till dark, but at daylight of the 24th the Federal cavalry withdrew, leaving their killed and wounded on the field. Lee's official dispatch, June 25th, 1864. Wilson reached Meherrin Stati
Alleghany River (Pennsylvania, United States) (search for this): chapter 6.34
d when the nerveless hands drooped over the spotless shields, and with imperious love claims a fealty no less devoted in these days of peace. I claim no vision of seer or prophet, yet I fancy that even now I descry the faint dawn of that day, which thousands wait on with expectant eyes; when all this land, still the fairest on the globe — this land, which has known so long what old Isaiah termed the dimness of anguish --shall grow glad again in the broad sunlight of prosperity, and from Alleghany to Chesapeake shall resound the hum and stir of busy life; when yonder noble roadstead, where our iron-clad Virginia revolutionized the naval tactics of two continents, shall be whitened by many a foreign sail, and you, her children, shall tunnel those grand and hoary mountains, whose every pass Lee and old Stonewall have made forever historic by matchless skill and daring. Thus, comrades, assured of her heroic Past, stirred by a great hope for her Future, may we to-night reecho the cry o
S. G. Griffin (search for this): chapter 6.34
d by the arrival at dusk of Warren's corps, two brigades of which — Miles' and Griffin's — took part in the closing assaults. For three hours the fight raged furiouon, carried in the assaults of the 17th and 18th of June by his own troops and Griffin's division of Warren's corps, and had succeeded in constructing a heavy line orom the Baxter road, took part in the dreadful chorus. On the Federal side, Griffin of Potter's division, not waiting for Wilcox, pushed forward his brigade, and note was unofficerlike and ungentlemanly. A. E. Burnside, Major-General. Griffin, it is true, in obedience to orders to advance straight for Cemetery Hill, hadaptain D. A. Hinton, A. D. C., Adjutant Hugh Smith and other officers. General S. G. Griffin, U. S. Volunteers, says: The rebels made a very desperate attack at thiwild cries: This assaulting column of the enemy came up, and we concluded--General Griffin and myself--that there was no use in holding it (the Crater) any longer, a
Personal Reminiscences (search for this): chapter 6.34
n the French army, answer was made, as the front-rank man on right of his old company stepped forward and saluted: Mort sur le champ de bataille--dead upon the field of battle. Such monument, such epitaph, at least, is that of A. P. Hill, and the men of his old corps remember with sorrowful pride that his name lingered last upon the dying lips of Lee and of Jackson. Tell Hill he must come up. --Colonel Wm. Preston Johnston's account of Lee's last moments--Rev. J. Wm. Jones' Personal Reminiscences of General R. E. Lee, p. 451. A. P. Hill, prepare for action. --Dabney's Life of Jackson, p. 719. Of the other, who fell but the evening before at Five Forks, I almost fear to speak, lest I should do hurt to that memory which I would honor. For to those who knew him not, the simplest outline of a character so finely tempered by stern and gentle virtues, would seem but an ideal picture touched with the tender exaggeration of retrospective grief; while to so many of you who kne
Joseph Hooker (search for this): chapter 6.34
rmy which but two years before had dealt them such staggering blows that there were more deserters from the Army of the Potomac than there were men for duty in the Army of Northern Virginia At the moment I was placed in command (26th January, 1863), I caused a return to be made of the absentees of the army, and found the number to be 2,922 commissioned officers and 81,964 non-commissioned officers and privates. The desertions were at the rate of about 200 a day. --Testimony of Major-General Joseph Hooker before the Congressional Committee, March 11th, 1865, Report on the Conduct of the War, vol. i, p. 112. The field returns for month of January, 1863, give 72,226 men for duty in the whole Department of Northern Virginia.--that they were the survivors of that army which, from the Wilderness to Cold Harbor, had put hors du combat more men than Lee had carried into the campaign; which, from Cold Harbor to Five Forks, had again put hors du combat as great a number as was left him for
, favorable to the Confederates, who were commanded by Gen. Harry Heth; by the brilliant action of Aug. 19th, in which the troops were immediately commanded by Heth and Mahone (the brunt of the fighting falling on Heth's division and Pegram's artillHeth's division and Pegram's artillery), and in which the enemy sustained a loss of many standards and above 2,700 prisoners; by the battle of August 21st, in l's Official Report. This brilliant stroke was delivered by Heth, under the immediate eye of A. P. Hill, and was mainly due e Richards, Twenty-seventh North Carolina, Cooke's brigade, Heth's division. General Lee, writing to Governor Vance under dn in the engagement at Reams' Station on the 25th instant. Heth, with a generosity as characteristic of the man as his taci, he adds, was 285; of this number only 59 were killed. In Heth's brigades it was probably less. --Transactions of Southerntary of War: General Hill reports that the attack of General Heth upon the enemy on the Boydton Plank Road, mentioned in
uregard's Ms. Report of Mine Explosion; Lieutenant-Colonel Loring's statement. The dread upheaval has rent in twain Elliott's brigade, and the men to the right and left of the huge abyss recoil in terror and dismay. Nor shall we censure them, l of their officers, see statement of Lieutenant-Colonel Loring--Ib., p. 92; General Hartranft, p. 190. If we except Elliott, who with the remnant of his brigade was occupying the ravine to the left and rear of the Crater, no officer of rank wasng masses of the enemy with his Virginia battery of eight-inch mortars. Passing through the covered-way, Haskell sought Elliott, and pointing out to him the defenceless position of the guns on the Plank Road, urged him to make such dispositions as orps, but does not give loss in Turner's division, 10th corps. Yet many brave men perished on the Confederate side. Elliott's brigade lost severely in killed and prisoners. The Virginia brigade, too, paid the price which glory ever exacts. Th
Golgotha from Rapidan to North Anna — urged by these clamors, or else goaded into unreasoning fury by the patient readiness of his adversary, ordered up 16,000 of Butler's men from south of the James, and at break of day on June the 3d assaulted Lee's entire front — resolute to burst through the slender, adamantine barrier, which ance of Anderson's corps, recaptured the lines on the Bermuda Hundred front, which Beauregard had been forced to uncover, and which had been immediately seized by Butler's troops. It is surely sufficient answer to those who represent Lee as even then despondently forecasting the final issue, to find him writing next day in great ng beyond the Appomattox and burning the bridges; in which event, he proposed to push immediately across that river and Swift Creek and open up communication with Butler at Bermuda Hundred before Lee could send any reinforcements from his five divisions north of the James. Meade's testimony--Ib., p. 75. To cover the assault
Jubal A. Early (search for this): chapter 6.34
as the lesson of the Campaign from the Wilderness to Cold Harbor. Grant had carried into the Wilderness a well-officered and thoroughly-equipped army of 141,000 men, to which Lee had opposed a bare 50,000. Stanton's Report, 1865-66; General Early's able article in Southern Historical Papers, vol. II, July, 1876; Lee's letter to General David Hunter, U. S. A.; Lee's letter (October 4th, 1867), to Colonel C. A. White; Swinton, Army of the Potomac, p. 413. Despite these odds, Lee had fog the few Confederate squadrons of observation to retire across White Oak Swamp, threatened direct advance on Richmond, while the activity of his powerful horse completely shrouded for the time the movement in his rear. Lee did not attack, for Early had been detached for the defence of Lynchburg, and the main body of his cavalry being absent under Hampton, he was compelled, like the Great Frederick, when Traun's Pandours enveloped Silesia in midnight, to read his position as if by flashes of
to take the crest? he asks, I understand not a man has advanced beyond the enemy's line which you occupied immediately after exploding the mine. Do you mean to say your officers and men will not obey your orders to advance? If not, what is the obstacle? I wish to know the truth, and desire an immediate answer. George G. Meade, Major-General. To which Burnside, in hot wrath, straight-way replied: headquarters Ninth corps, 7.35 A. M. General Meade: Your dispatch by Captain Jay received. The main body of General Potter's division is beyond the Crater. I do not mean to say that my officers and men will not obey my orders to advance. I mean to say that it is very hard to advance to the crest. I have never in any report said anything different from what I conceived to be the truth. Were it not insubordinate, I would say that the latter remark of your note was unofficerlike and ungentlemanly. A. E. Burnside, Major-General. Griffin, it is true, in obedien
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