This prison, situated on the corner of A and First streets, is an old brick building, erected in 1817, for the use of Congress, as the capitol building proper had been destroyed by fire by the British army under General Ross, August 24th, 1814.
It was used by Congress until the capitol was rebuilt, and then fitted up as a boarding house.
Honorable John C. Calhoun, of South Carolina, died in it. This pure and illustrious patriot and statesman — twice elected Vice-President of the United States, and the greatest of the great Triumvirate, Calhoun, Clay and Webster, the only one who has left any enduring work to perpetuate his fame — never dreamed that his own room, in sight of the Goddess of Liberty on the dome of the capitol, would some day be used as a prison dungeon for the victims of rampant, fanatical abolitionism and the advocates of a higher law than the constitution which they had sworn to uphold and support.
Prisoners are taken into the office, near the entrance, on th