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from my march to join General Lee, without the probability of compensating results. I, therefore, determined, after getting the wagons under way, to proceed directly north so as to cut the Baltimore and Ohio railroad (now becoming the enemy's main war artery) that night. I found myself encumbered by about four hundred prisoners, many of whom were officers. I paroled nearly all at Brookeville that night, and the remainder next day at Cookesville. Among the number were Major Duane and Captain Michler, Engineers, United States army. At Cookesville our advance encountered and put to flight a small party of the enemy, and among the prisoners taken there were some who said they belonged to the Seven hundred loyal Eastern shoremen. Brigadier-General Fitz. Lee reached the railroad soon after daylight, the march having continued all night. The bridge was burnt at Sykesville, and the track torn up at Hood's mill, where the main body crossed it. Measures were taken to intercept trains,.
the morning I left, which, in the result, prevented its participation in the first two days fight at Gettysburg. Our trains in transit were thus not only secured, but it was done in a way that at the same time seriously injured the enemy. General Meade also detached four thousand troops, under General French, to escort public property to Washington from Frederick — a step which certainly would have been unnecessary but for my presence in his rear — thus weakening his army to that extent. In fact, although in his own country, he had to make large detachments to protect his rear and baggage. General Meade also complains that his movements were delayed by the detention of his cavalry in his rear; he might truthfully have added, by the movement in his rear of a large force of Confederate cavalry, capturing his trains and cutting all his communications with Washington. It is not to be supposed such delay in his operations could have been so effectually caused by any other disposi
the force appearing to scatter. He captured a standard and seventy (70) prisoners. Chambliss' brigade, approaching from that direction, caught that night and early next morning one hundred and sixty (160) and several guidons — the colonel and a small detachment only escaping. It was the First Rhode Island cavalry. Horses, arms and equipments were captured in proportion. Among the captured were included a number of officers. Our own loss in Robertson's brigade was slight, except Major McNeal, Sixty-third North Carolina cavalry, whose wound deprived us of the service of a most valuable officer, and Lieutenant-Colonel Cantwell, Fifty-ninth North Carolina troops, captured. Major Heros Von Borcke, of my staff, being sent by me with the attacking column, behaved with his usual fine judgment and distinguished gallantry. Our loss in Fitz. Lee's brigade was heavier, as the fighting was more desperate and continued. His report, which I hope to forward with this, will state the ca
before us; our brave men, nothing daunted or dispirited by the reverses of the army, maintaining a predominance of pluck over the enemy calculated to excite the pride and admiration of beholders. Just as we neared the village, Jenkins' brigade, under Ferguson, moved up on the Williamsport road, driving the enemy on that flank in such a manner as to cause him to begin his withdrawal from the village to the mountain pass. His batteries had been driven away from the hill by the Napoleons of McGregor's battery-which, for close fighting, evinced this day their great superiority over rifle guns of greater number. About this time I was informed that the enemy was heavily reinforced, and that our ammunition, by this protracted engagement, was nearly exhausted; and despairing of getting possession of the town, which was completely commanded by artillery in the mountain gap, and believing that in compelling the enemy to act upon the defensive all that day retreating before us, the desired ob
Henry B. McClellan (search for this): chapter 9.72
port of operations after Gettysburg, which we found, in his own hand writing, among his papers which Mrs. Stuart kindly turned over to us, and which was all we could obtain at the time. We are now able, through the kindness of our friend Major H. B. McClellan, of the staff of the old cavalry corps, to give our readers the full text of this important report of the great campaign.] headquarters cavalry division, army of Northery Virginia, August 20th, 1863. To Colonel R. H. Chilton, Chief oer from Prussia, who so early espoused our cause — was disabled in Fauquier, so as to deprive me of his valuable services on the expedition; but it is hoped the command will not long be deprived of his inspiring presence on the field. Major Henry B. McClellan, my Adjutant-General, was constantly at my side, and with his intelligence, ready pen and quick comprehension, greatly facilitated the discharge of my duties. The untiring energy, force of character and devotion to duty of Major A. R.
James Longstreet (search for this): chapter 9.72
main body parallel to the Blue Ridge and on Longstreet's right flank, who was to move near the basehe 15th at Rockford, and take the advance of Longstreet's column, via Barbee's cross-roads, and put the gap in Bull Run mountain, as a screen to Longstreet's movements. W. H. F. Lee's brigade was kepate in these operations. By night part of Longstreet's corps occupied the mountain pass, and the prisoners of war, escorted by another corps (Longstreet's), occupied the centre, and the Third (Ewelrk — Fitz. Lee's brigade holding the line of Longstreet's corps, Baker's of Hill's corps, and the reWaters, some miles below Williamsport, where Longstreet's and Hill's corps were to cross, and Ewell'y at the bridge. These squadrons, mistaking Longstreet's rear for the rear of the army on that routetween our present position and Richmond. Longstreet's corps having already moved to counteract tt is believed that had the corps of Hill and Longstreet moved on, instead of halting near Chambersbu[4 more...]
ed effect and boldness--Lieutenant-Colonel Witcher, as usual, distinguishing himself by his courage and conduct. The enemy, thus dislodged, was closely pressed by the mounted cavalry, but made one effort at a counter charge, which was gallantly met and repulsed by Colonel James B. Gordon, commanding a fragment of the Fifth North Carolina cavalry--that officer exhibiting, under my eye, individual prowess deserving special commendation. The repulse was soon after converted into a rout by Colonel Lomax's regiment, Eleventh Virginia cavalry, Jones' brigade, which now took the road, and under the gallant leadership of its Colonel, with drawn sabres, charged down the turnpike under a fearful fire of artillery. Lieutenant-Colonel Funsten behaved with conspicuous gallantry in this charge, and Captain Winthrop, a volunteer aid of Lieutenant-General Longstreet, also bore himself most gallantly. The enemy was now very near Williamsport, and this determined and vigorous attack in rear soon
Joseph Lewis (search for this): chapter 9.72
epulsed; the brave and efficient Colonel Evans, of the Sixty-third North Carolina troops, was, however, severely and it was feared fatally wounded, his body falling into the hands of the enemy. Jones' and W. H. F. Lee's brigades joined the main body near the gap, and positions were taken to dispute any further advance. The day was far spent. The enemy did not attack the gap, but appeared to go into camp at Upperville. In the conflicts on the left, the enemy was roughly handled. Lieutenant-Colonel Lewis, Ninth Virginia cavalry, was very severely and it was believed fatally wounded, and left in the hands of the enemy. The reports of brigade commanders will show further details of these encounters. Fitz. Lee's brigade, being before Snicker's gap, did not participate in these operations. By night part of Longstreet's corps occupied the mountain pass, and the cavalry was ordered farther back for rest and refreshment, of which it was sorely in need, leaving ample pickets in front
W. H. F. Lee (search for this): chapter 9.72
Fifteenth Virginia cavalry, Major Collins, W. H. F. Lee's brigade, on the lower Rappahannock, co-opin, as a screen to Longstreet's movements. W. H. F. Lee's brigade was kept near The Plains reconnoiition around the place with Robertson's and W. H. F. Lee's brigades, and directed Fitz. Lee's brigad the main body, composed of Robertson's and W. H. F. Lee's brigades, posted far enough west of the png into the hands of the enemy. Jones' and W. H. F. Lee's brigades joined the main body near the gad have lost much time from my march to join General Lee, without the probability of compensating red Enfield musket. I moved this command and W. H. F. Lee's secretly through the woods to a position,orward the nearest cavalry regiment (one of W. H. F. Lee's), quickly to charge this force of cavalrye's, Hampton's, now commanded by Baker, and W. H. F. Lee's, commanded by Chambliss) and the Stuart hy on the left consisted now of Fitz. Lee's, W. H. F. Lee's, Baker's, and Robertson's brigades — the [8 more...]
Fitzhugh Lee (search for this): chapter 9.72
he movement of our forces, and directed also Fitz. Lee's brigade (Colonel T. T. Munford temporarilye to the support of either. I accompanied Fitz. Lee's brigade as far as Middleburg, where I rema and distinguished gallantry. Our loss in Fitz. Lee's brigade was heavier, as the fighting was m the 24th the following brigades: Hampton's, Fitz. Lee's, W. H. F. Lee's, rendezvoused secretly nea Having been informed that Generals Hampton and Lee were up, I sent for them to come forward, so th two brigades on the Cashtown road under General Fitz. Lee, and the remainder (Jenkins' and Chamblihe cavalry, except the two brigades with General Fitz. Lee, were now pretty well concentrated at Had by any general engagement, except that General Fitz. Lee, now on the right towards Downsville, waconflict on the turnpike, and found that General Fitz. Lee had, with his own and Chambliss' brigade, and then follow the movement of the army. Fitz. Lee's, W. H. F. Lee's, and Jenkins' brigades, by[41 more...]
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