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Piedmont, Va. (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 4.44
ops by the way of Manassas Gap Railroad, and he stated that his brigade was about twenty-five hundred strong. This information took General Beauregard very much by surprise, and, after ascertaining that General Jackson had taken the cars at Piedmont Station, General Beauregard asked him if General Johnston would not march the rest of his command on the direct road, so as to get on the enemy's right flank. General Jackson replied with some little hesitation, and, as I thought at the time, in rather a stolid manner, that he thought not; that he thought the purpose was to transport the whole force by railroad from Piedmont Station. This was the first time I ever saw General Jackson, and my first impressions of him were not very favorable from the manner in which he gave his information. I subsequently ascertained very well how it was that he seemed to know so little, in the presence of the strangers among whom he found himself, of General Johnston's intended movements, and I presume
Maryland (Maryland, United States) (search for this): chapter 4.44
plan for a battle with the enemy south of the Potomac for the capture of Baltimore and Washington, and the liberation of Maryland. I inquired for your long-expected report, and it has been today submitted to my inspection. It appears, by officialne, General Garnett was to form an immediate junction with General Johnston, who was forthwith to cross the Potomac into Maryland with his whole force, arouse the people as he advanced to the recovery of their political rights, and the defense of theomplete rout—a perfect Waterloo; and that, when the enemy took to flight, we would pursue, cross the Potomac, and arouse Maryland. . . . During the 20th General Johnston arrived at Manassas Junction by the railroad, and that day we received the or each, and that would have furnished enough for the brigade, if the Seventh Louisiana had none. In 1862 we carried into Maryland only enough wagons to convey ammunition, medical supplies, and cooking-utensils, and we started from the battle-field of
West Virginia (West Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 4.44
from memory by Colonel Chesnut, on the supposition of drawing a force of about twenty-five thousand men from the command of General Johnston. The letters of General Johnston show his effective force to have been only eleven thousand, with an enemy thirty thousand strong in his front, ready to take possession of the Valley of Virginia on his withdrawal. 2. It proposed to continue operations by effecting a junction of a part of the victorious forces with the army of General Garnett in Western Virginia. General Garnett's forces amounted only to three or four thousand men, then known to be in rapid retreat before vastly superior forces under McClellan, and the news that he was himself killed and his army scattered arrived within forty-eight hours of Colonel Chesnut's arrival in Richmond. 3. The plan was based on the improbable and inadmissible supposition that the enemy was to await everywhere, isolated and motionless, until our forces could effect junctions to attack them in detail
Stone Bridge (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 4.44
d skirmishers on his right and left, and the utmost caution must be taken to prevent firing into our own men. Should it appear, while this command is occupied as directed that it is insufficient for the purposes indicated, General Bonham will call on the nearest brigade commander for support. II. Colonel P. St. George Cocke, commanding, will dispatch at the same time, for similar purposes, a command of the same size and proportions of infantry, artillery, and cavalry on the road via Stone Bridge; and another command of two companies of infantry and one of cavalry on the road by which the enemy retreated toward and via Sudley's Mills. By command of Brigadier-General Beauregard: (Signed) Thomas Jordan, A. A. Adjutant-General. To Brigadier-General Bonham. Impressed with the belief that the enemy was very superior to us, both in numbers and appointments, I had felt apprehensive that, unless pressed, he would recover from the panic under which he fled from the field, rally on
Alexandria (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 4.44
cations and garrisons described did actually exist, of which there seemed then to be no doubt. If the reports which have since reached us be true, that there were at that time neither fortifications nor troops stationed on the south bank of the Potomac; that all the enemy's forces fled to the north side of the river, and even beyond; that the panic of the routed army infected the whole population of Washington city; that no preparation was made, or even contemplated, for the destruction of theStates capital. These reports, however, present a condition of affairs altogether at variance with the information on which we had to act. Thus it was, and so far as I knew, for the reasons above stated, that an advance to the south bank of the Potomac was not contemplated as the immediate sequence of the victory at Manassas. What discoveries would have been made and what results would have ensued from the establishment of our guns upon the south bank of the river, to open fire upon the capit
Fortress Monroe (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 4.44
o had attended to Colonel Gardner, and to whom only such a promise had been given, the officer in charge was directed to send him to me. When he came, I had no doubt of his identity, and explained to him that I had directed that he should not be treated as a prisoner, but that, in the multitude of those wearing the same uniform as his, some neglect or mistake had arisen, for which I was very sorry, and that he should be immediately released and sent down the river to the neighborhood of Fortress Monroe, where he would be among his own people. He then told me that he had a sister residing a few miles in the country, whom he would be very glad to visit. Permission was given him to do so, and a time fixed at which he was to report for transportation; so he left, with manifestations of thankfulness for the kindness with which he had been treated. In due time a newspaper was received, containing an account of his escape, and how he had lingered about the suburbs of Richmond and made dra
Dallas (Texas, United States) (search for this): chapter 4.44
rs at Manassas a little before daylight—I and my little gallant squadron—having been actively in the saddle, I think, more than twenty hours. . . . (Signed) John F. Lay. Late Colonel of Cavalry, C. S. A. N. B.—It may be well to add that General R. Lindsey Walker (then Captain Walker, of the battery referred to) is now in my office, and confirms my recollection. ... J. F. L. The quartermaster general of General Beauregard's command, W. L. Cabell, states in a letter written at Dallas, Texas, on August 16, 1880, in regard to the field transportation of General Beauregard's forces before the battle of Manassas, that as nearly as he could remember it was as follows, viz.: One four-horse wagon to each company. One four-horse wagon for field and staff (regimental). One four-horse wagon for ammunition. One four-horse wagon for hospital purposes. Two four-horse wagons for each battery of artillery. Twenty-five wagons in a train for depot purposes. One ambula<
Winchester, Va. (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 4.44
about one o'clock on the morning of the 18th of July is inaccurately reported. The following is a copy: Richmond, July 17, 1861. General J. E. Johnston, Winchester, Virginia. General Beauregard is attacked. To strike the enemy a decisive blow, a junction of all your effective force will be needed. If practicable, make the possible, the bulk of the Army of the Shenandoah with that of the Potomac, then under my command, leaving only sufficient force to garrison his strong works at Winchester, and to guard the five defensive passes of the Blue Ridge, and thus hold Patterson in check. At the same time Brigadier-General Holmes was to march hither with a superior force, wheresoever he might be found. This, I confidently estimated, could be achieved within fifteen days after General Johnston should march from Winchester for Manassas. Meanwhile, I was to occupy the enemy's works on this side of the Potomac, if, as I anticipated, he had been so routed as to enable me to enter
Lynchburg (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 4.44
the bitter trials to which we have been subjected since open war was ended and nominal peace began. Extracts from the narrative of General J. A. Early, of events occurring when he was colonel of the Twenty-fourth Regiment of Virginia Infantry and commanding a brigade: June 19, 1861, I arrived at Manassas Junction and reported to General P. G. T. Beauregard, the Twenty-fourth Virginia Regiment having been previously sent to him, under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Hairsten, from Lynchburg, where I had been stationed under the orders of General Robert E. Lee, for the purpose of organizing the Virginia troops which were being mustered into service at that place. . . . On the morning of July 18th, my brigade was moved, by order of General Beauregard, to the left of Camp Walker, on the railroad, and remained there some time. . . . On falling back, General Ewell, in pursuance of his instructions, had burned the bridges on the railroad over Pope's Run, from Fairfax Station
New Orleans (Louisiana, United States) (search for this): chapter 4.44
on to interfere by opinion or authority touching what the Confederate forces should or should not do. You having at the close of the day surrendered the command, which had been left in your hands, over both Confederate armies during the engagement, General Johnston was that night in chief command. He was decidedly averse to an immediate offensive, and emphatically discountenanced it as impracticable. Very truly your friend, (Signed) Thomas Jordan. General P. G. T. Beauregard, New Orleans, Louisiana. General Beauregard, in his letter forwarding the above, wrote, The account given herewith by General Jordan of what occurred there respecting further pursuit that night agrees with my own recollection. It was a matter of importance, as I regarded it, to follow closely on the retreating enemy, but it was of no consequence then or now as to who issued the order for pursuit, and unless requested, I should not have dictated one, preferring that the generals to whom the operations
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