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Edward Johnson (search for this): chapter 1.7
o attack the enemy, who were under cover of a fence. General Ewell in the meantime had arrived, and, seeing the advantage the enemy had of position, directed Colonel Johnson to move with his regiment so as to approach the flank instead of the front of the enemy, and he was now driven from the field with heavy loss. Our loss was sany, except the division of Ewell, which had been left near Gordonsville in observation of McDowell, now by his withdrawal made disposable, and the brigade of Edward Johnson, which confronted Schenck and Milroy near to Staunton. Jackson, who, when he could not get what he wanted, did the best he could with what he had, called Ewell to his aid, left him to hold Banks in check, and marched to unite with Johnson; the combined forces attacked Milroy and Schenck, who, after a severe conflict, retreated in the night to join Fremont. Jackson then returned toward Harrisonburg, having ordered Ewell to join him for an attack on Banks, who in the meantime had retrea
John C. Fremont (search for this): chapter 1.7
rcept Jackson his rapid movements Repulses Fremont advance of Shields fall of Ashby battle of May 24, 1862. Major-General McDowell. General Fremont has been ordered by telegraph to move to ere General Jackson received information that Fremont was moving from the west, and the whole or a his column at Strasburg, and learned that General Fremont's advance was in the immediate vicinity. y to arrive, General Jackson decided to check Fremont's march by an attack in the morning. This mo filled with captured stores. The repulse of Fremont's advance was so easy that General Taylor deskson's orders and make a serious attack upon Fremont's army, but recognizes the justice of the res Shields from crossing the Shenandoah to join Fremont. The troops were now permitted to make shortn avalanche upon the capital. Milroy, Banks, Fremont, and Shields were all moved in that directionabout fifteen miles from Jackson's position. Fremont, with a force estimated at fifteen thousand m[11 more...]
Walter H. Taylor (search for this): chapter 1.7
, was 62,696. Four Years with General Lee, by Walter H. Taylor, p. 50. I now proceed to inquire what cause repulse of Fremont's advance was so easy that General Taylor describes it as offering a temptation to go beyo late. But the condition was truly critical. General Taylor describes his chief at that moment thus: Jacksoice, Delightful excitement. He then briefly gave Taylor instructions to move against the battery on the plaIn this critical condition of Winder's command, General Taylor made a successful attack on the left and rear oeaving both caisson and limber. Thus occupied with Taylor, the enemy halted in his advance, and formed a lineime reenforcements were brought by General Ewell to Taylor, who pushed forward with them, assisted by the wellntly met, I copy a description from the work of General Taylor: The fighting in and around the battery wastriot, who has been gathered to his fathers, to add Taylor's explanation: Ere long my lost Seventh Regiment, s
E. D. Morgan (search for this): chapter 1.7
n your State. Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War. This alarm at Washington, and the call for more troops for its defense, produced a most indescribable panic in the cities of the Northern states on Sunday the 25th, and two or three days afterward. The governor of New York on Sunday night telegraphed to Buffalo, Rochester, Syracuse, and other cities, as follows: Orders from Washington render it necessary to send to that city all the available militia force. What can you do? E. D. Morgan. Governor Curtin of Pennsylvania issued the following order: (General order, no. 23.) headquarters of Pennsylvania militia, Harrisburg, May 26, 1862. On pressing requisition of the President of the United States in the present emergency, it is ordered that the several major-generals, brigadier-generals, and colonels of regiments throughout the Commonwealth muster without delay all military organizations within their respective divisions or under their control, together wit
J. E. Johnston (search for this): chapter 1.7
er 21: A New phase to our military problem General Johnston's position defenses of James River attack on Fort Drewry Johnston crosses the Chickahominy position of McClellan position of McDowell strength of opposing forces Jackson'e a new phase to our military problem. Soon after, General Johnston took position on the north side of the Chickahominy; se of the enemy's gunboats at Drewry's Bluff, I wrote General Johnston a letter to be handed to him by my aide, Colonel G. Wy definite reply, I soon thereafter rode out to visit General Johnston at his headquarters, and was surprised in the suburbs that the whole army had crossed the Chickahominy. General Johnston's explanation of this (to me) unexpected movement wasts as far up as Drewry's Bluff, and the withdrawal of General Johnston across the Chickahominy made it quite practicable fore added, and the effective strength of the army under General Johnston on May 31, 1862, was 62,696. Four Years with General
De Joinville (search for this): chapter 1.7
cksburg, reported that on the 24th McDowell's troops started southward, but General Stuart found that night that they were returning. This indicated that the anticipated junction was not to be made, and of this the Prince de Joinville writes: It needed only an effort of the will: the two armies were united, and the possession of Richmond certain! Alas! this effort was not made. I can not recall those fatal moments without a real sinking of the heart. Campaign on the Peninsula, Prince de Joinville, 1862. General McClellan, in his testimony December 10, 1862, before the court martial in the Case of General McDowell, said: I have no doubt, for it has ever been my opinion, that the Army of the Potomac would have taken Richmond had not the corps of General McDowell been separated from it. It is also my opinion that, had the command of General McDowell joined the Army of the Potomac in the month of May, by the way of Hanover Court-House, from Fredericksburg, we would have ha
Edwin M. Stanton (search for this): chapter 1.7
Geary, took his three New York regiments, leaving a Pennsylvania one behind, hastened back to Centreville, and telegraphed to Washington for aid. He left a large quantity of army stores. The alarm spread to Washington, and the Secretary of War, Stanton, issued a call to the governors of the loyal states for militia to defend that city. The following is the dispatch sent to the governor of Massachusetts: Washington, Sunday, May 25, 1862. To the Governor of Massachusetts. Intelligence from various quarters leaves no doubt that the enemy in great force are marching on Washington. You will please organize and forward immediately all the militia and volunteer force in your State. Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War. This alarm at Washington, and the call for more troops for its defense, produced a most indescribable panic in the cities of the Northern states on Sunday the 25th, and two or three days afterward. The governor of New York on Sunday night telegraphed to Buf
d-to-hand, and many fell from bayonet-wounds. Even the artillerymen used their rammers in a way not laid down in the manual, and died at their guns. I called for Hayes, but he, the promptest of men, and his splendid regiment could not be found. Something unexpected had occurred, but there was no time for speculation. With a dess battery, and the captured guns were effectively used against him—that dashing old soldier, Ewell, serving as a gunner. Mention was made of the inability to find Hayes when his regiment was wanted. It is due to that true patriot, who has been gathered to his fathers, to add Taylor's explanation: Ere long my lost Seventh Regiments in rear of the column when we left Jackson to gain the path in the woods, and, before it filed out of the road, his thin line was so pressed that Jackson ordered Hayes to stop the enemy's rush. This was done, for the Seventh would have stopped a herd of elephants—but at a fearful cost. The retreat of the enemy, though it was
Brockenbrough (search for this): chapter 1.7
of Shields had scarcely been repulsed when Ewell became seriously engaged with Fremont, moving on the opposite side of the river. The enemy pushed forward, driving in the pickets, which, by gallant resistance, checked their advance until Ewell had time to select his position on a commanding ridge, with a rivulet and open ground in front, woods on both flanks, and the road to Port Republic intersecting his line. Trimble's brigade was posted on the right, the batteries of Courtney, Lusk, Brockenbrough, and Rains in the center, Stuart's brigade on the left, and Elzey's in rear of the center. Both wings were in the woods. About ten o'clock the enemy posted his artillery opposite our batteries, and a fire was kept up for several hours, with great spirit on both sides. Meantime a brigade of the enemy advanced, under cover, upon General Trimble, who reserved his fire until they reached short range, when he poured forth a deadly volley, under which they fell back; Trimble, supported by t
ressed directly on to Winchester, while Jackson, turning across to the road from Strasburg, struck the main column of the enemy in flank and drove it routed back to Strasburg. The pursuit was comtinued to Winchester, and the enemy, under their commander in chief, General Banks, fled across the Potomac into Maryland. Two thousand prisoners were taken in the pursuit. General Banks in his report says, There never were more grateful hearts in the same number of men, than when, at mid-day on the 26th, we stood on the opposite shore. When the news of the attack on Front Royal, on May 23d, reached General Geary, charged with the protection of the Manassas Gap Railroad, he immediately moved to Manassas Junction. At the same time, his troops, hearing the most extravagant stories, burned their tents and destroyed a quantity of arms. General Duryea, at Catlett's Station, becoming alarmed on hearing of the withdrawal of Geary, took his three New York regiments, leaving a Pennsylvania one be
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