he naval service of the government, and the execution of the laws concerning it, and makes annual reports to Congress of the conditions of the department.
All instructions to subordinate officers of the navy and to all chiefs of the bureaus emanate from him, while the department supervises the building and repairs of all vessels, docks, and wharves, and enlistment and discipline of sailors, together with all supplies needed by them, The first Secretary of the Navy was Benjamin Stoddert, of Maryland.
The Department of the Interior was created by act of Congress, March 3, 1849.
The business of the department is conducted by eight bureaus—viz., bureau of the public lands, pensions, Indian affairs, patents, education, railroads, and labor and labor statistics.
Concerning this work report is made annually.
These different bureaus have charge, under the Secretary, of all matters relating to the sale and survey
Seal of the Interior Department. of the public lands; the adjudication