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Salem (Massachusetts, United States) (search for this): entry massachusetts
grant of territory on Massachusetts Bay and sent over John Endicott (q. v.), with 100 settlers, who seated themselves at Naumkeag, now Salem. In March, 1629, King Charles I. gave a charter to a number of wealthy and influential Englishmen, confirmSalem. In March, 1629, King Charles I. gave a charter to a number of wealthy and influential Englishmen, confirming a former grant to others, to a domain in America, with whom they became associated, and superadded the power of government. It was similar to the Virginia charter (see colony of Virginia), and erected the patentees and their associates into a c, incited by Roger Williams, caused the red cross of St. George to be cut out of the military standard of England used at Salem, because he regarded it as a relic of Anti-Christ, it having been given by the pope to a former king of England as an ensign of victory. He had so worked upon the minds of many citizens of Salem that they refused to follow the standard with the cross upon it. At about that time the British government, jealous of the independent spirit manifested in Massachusetts, wat
Cape Cod Bay (Massachusetts, United States) (search for this): entry massachusetts
possibly Sebastian Cabot saw them (1498), and also Verrazano (1524). The shores were explored by Bartholomew Gosnold (1602), Samuel Champlain (1604), and John Smith (1614); but the first permanent European settlement was made on the shores of Cape Cod Bay by some English Non-conformists, who, calling themselves Pilgrims, had fled from England to Holland, sojourned there a few years, formed a church at Leyden, and in 1620 came to America, where they might worship God with perfect freedom. Havi. S.), and, after a stormy passage, arrived at Cape Cod in November. Seeking a good landing-place, the company, 101 in number—men, women, and children—did not leave the vessel until Dec. 22 (N. S.), when they landed on a rock on the shores of Cape Cod Bay, built some log-huts in the snow, and called the rude village New Plymouth. In the cabin of the Mayflower the men had drawn up State seal of Massachusetts. and signed a form of government—a solemn compact—by which they were to be ruled (
Halifax (Canada) (search for this): entry massachusetts
ent from Delftshaven to England, and sailed for America from Plymouth in the Mayflower, of 180 tons' burden, on Sept. 17 (N. S.), and, after a stormy passage, arrived at Cape Cod in November. Seeking a good landing-place, the company, 101 in number—men, women, and children—did not leave the vessel until Dec. 22 (N. S.), when they landed on a rock on the shores of Cape Cod Bay, built some log-huts in the snow, and called the rude village New Plymouth. In the cabin of the Mayflower the men hadssachusetts, by which New Plymouth was united with it. By its terms the colony of Plymouth, the provinces of Maine and Nova Scotia, as far north as the St. Lawrence River, and all the country between them, were added to the old province of Massachusrity of the colonies. The convention adjourned after a four days session, and the day after the adjournment troops from Halifax arrived. On March 5, 1774, John Hancock and Samuel Adams spoke to a great meeting of citizens in Faneuil Hall. The f
Maine (Maine, United States) (search for this): entry massachusetts
ewed after the war, though England had not furnished a man or a farthing to carry it on, but these were spurned. In 1680 a committee of the privy council, at the suit of the heirs of Gorges, denied the right of Massachusetts to New Hampshire and Maine. Massachusetts purchased the title to the latter (see Maine), and the former became an independent province (New Hampshire). In 1684 the high court of chancery in England gave judgment in favor of the crown against the Governor and Company of Ma in 1690 Massachusetts participated, and to pay the expenses the colony first issued paper money. In 1692 a new charter was given to Massachusetts, by which New Plymouth was united with it. By its terms the colony of Plymouth, the provinces of Maine and Nova Scotia, as far north as the St. Lawrence River, and all the country between them, were added to the old province of Massachusetts; also the Elizabeth Islands and the islands of Nantucket and Martha's Vineyard. The governor, lieutenant-g
Saint Lawrence River (New York, United States) (search for this): entry massachusetts
and early in 1689 the men of Boston imprisoned Andros, reinstated the old government, and sent the ex-royal governor to England (Andros, Sir Edmund). In the intercolonial war between France and England in 1690 Massachusetts participated, and to pay the expenses the colony first issued paper money. In 1692 a new charter was given to Massachusetts, by which New Plymouth was united with it. By its terms the colony of Plymouth, the provinces of Maine and Nova Scotia, as far north as the St. Lawrence River, and all the country between them, were added to the old province of Massachusetts; also the Elizabeth Islands and the islands of Nantucket and Martha's Vineyard. The governor, lieutenant-governor, and colonial secretary were appointed by the crown. The charter gave the governor the power to convene and dissolve the General Court, and a veto of all its acts. The councillors first appointed by the crown were afterwards to be annually elected by the House of Representatives and the ex
New Hampshire (New Hampshire, United States) (search for this): entry massachusetts
olony were renewed after the war, though England had not furnished a man or a farthing to carry it on, but these were spurned. In 1680 a committee of the privy council, at the suit of the heirs of Gorges, denied the right of Massachusetts to New Hampshire and Maine. Massachusetts purchased the title to the latter (see Maine), and the former became an independent province (New Hampshire). In 1684 the high court of chancery in England gave judgment in favor of the crown against the Governor andNew Hampshire). In 1684 the high court of chancery in England gave judgment in favor of the crown against the Governor and Company of Massachusetts, and the charter was declared forfeited. Joseph Dudley was appointed royal governor, the General Assembly, or Court, was dissolved, and a new commission superseded the charter government. Edmund Andros succeeded Dudley, Dec. 20, 1686, when that tyrannical ruler and his pliant council proceeded to make laws and levy taxes without the consent of the people. The people submitted with impatience. They were relieved by the expulsion (1688) of the last Stuart king from
Plymouth (United Kingdom) (search for this): entry massachusetts
permanent European settlement was made on the shores of Cape Cod Bay by some English Non-conformists, who, calling themselves Pilgrims, had fled from England to Holland, sojourned there a few years, formed a church at Leyden, and in 1620 came to America, where they might worship God with perfect freedom. Having made arrangements with the Plymouth Company for planting a settlement, and for funds with some London merchants, they went from Delftshaven to England, and sailed for America from Plymouth in the Mayflower, of 180 tons' burden, on Sept. 17 (N. S.), and, after a stormy passage, arrived at Cape Cod in November. Seeking a good landing-place, the company, 101 in number—men, women, and children—did not leave the vessel until Dec. 22 (N. S.), when they landed on a rock on the shores of Cape Cod Bay, built some log-huts in the snow, and called the rude village New Plymouth. In the cabin of the Mayflower the men had drawn up State seal of Massachusetts. and signed a form of gov
Newport (Rhode Island, United States) (search for this): entry massachusetts
Bay. In 1651 Roger Williams and John Clarke were appointed agents to seek in England a confirmation of the Rhode Island charter. Before their departure, Mr. Clarke, with Mr. Crandall and Obadiah Holmes, delegates from the Baptist Church in Newport, visited an aged Baptist brother in Lynn, Mass., who was too feeble to attend public worship. On a Sunday morning they ventured to give The province House, residence of the Royal governors of Massachusetts. a public exhortation at the house or charge. Two sympathizing friends came up to the bleeding victim of bigotry and intolerance, and, shaking hands with him, said, Blessed be God. They were arrested for contempt of authority, fined 40s. each, and imprisoned. Holmes returned to Newport, and lived to old age. Not long afterwards Sir Richard Saltonstall, one of the founders of the Massachusetts colony, wrote from England to Cotton and Wilson, ministers in Boston, saying: It doth not a little grieve my spirit to hear what sad
United States (United States) (search for this): entry massachusetts
5 discharged for disability contracted in the service, and 5,866 not accounted for. The State expended on account of the war $30,162,200. In 1890 the population was 2,238,943; in 1900, 2,805,346. See Adams, Samuel (Protest against Taxation); United States, Massachusetts, in vol. IX. governors of the Massachusetts colonies. Plymouth colony, elected. Name.Term. John Carver1620 to 1621 William Bradford1621 to 1633 Edward Winslow1633 to 1634 Thomas Prince1634 to 1635 William Bradford196 Fred. T. GreenhalgeRepublican1896 to 1897 Roger WolcottRepublican.1898 to 1899 Roger WolcottRepublican.1899 to 1900 Roger WolcottRepublican.1900 to 1901 W. Murray CraneRepublican.1901 to 1902 W. Murray CraneRepublican.1901 to 1902 United States Senators. Name.No. of Congress.Term. Tristram Dalton1st1789 to 1791 Caleb Strong1st to 4th1789 to 1796 George Cabot2d to 4th1791 to 1796 Benjamin Goodhue4th to 6th1796 to 1800 Theodore Sedgwick4th to 5th1796 to 1798 Samuel Dexter6th17
Louisburg (North Carolina, United States) (search for this): entry massachusetts
e Courant being published in the name of his brother Benjamin, but the caution necessary to be used made contributors shy. They gradually ceased to write, and the paper, losing interest, finally perished for lack of support. Such was the fate of the first nominally free press in America. The colony was involved in war with its French neighbors in 1744, in consequence of a war between France and England. In that war Massachusetts contributed largely in men and means to the capture of Louisburg (1745), and in attempts to conquer Canada. She also bore her part in the French and Indian War; and in the opposition to the Stamp Act and other schemes of the British Parliament for taxing the English-American colonists, Massachusetts took a leading part. Recent acts of Parliament for taxing the Americans caused the Massachusetts The State-House, Boston, Mass. Assembly, in January, 1768, to send to the King a petition which combined, temperately, the spirit of liberty and of loyalty
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