He entered the national House of Representatives as a Republican in 1855, and served there till March 4, 1867, when he was transferred to the Senate, where he had the longest unbroken term in the history of that body.
For this reason he became popularly known as the Father of the Senate.
He opposed the admission of Kansas as a slave State in 1855; introduced the tariff bill known by his name in 1861; and was a member of the Senate committee on finance from 1867 till his death in Washington, D. C., Dec. 28, 1898.
Justin Smith Morrill.
Taking an active part in all the debates relating to the tariff and to coinage, his most notable speech was that in which he opposed the remonetization of silver (see below) on Jan. 28, 1878.
The remonetization of silver.
Mr. President,—The bill now before the Senate provides for the resuscitation of the obsolete dollar of 412 1/2 grains of silver, which Congress entombed in 1834 by an act which diminished the weight of gold coins to the