their party, leaders like Quincy, Emott, and a host of others gave their support to the government in its hour of need.
The first call for the marshalling of the hosts of the peace party, so conspicuous during the Civil War, was sounded in Congress when (July 10, 1861), a loan bill was introduced authorizing the Secretary of the Treasury to borrow $250,000,000 for the support of the government and to prosecute a war in its defence.
Clement L. Vallandigham, Representative in Congress from Ohio, made an elaborate speech against the measure and the entire policy of the administration in its vindication of the national authority by force of arms.
He charged the President with usurpation in calling out and increasing the military and naval forces of the country; in blockading ports; in suspending the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus; and other acts which the safety of the government seemed to require— and all done without the express authority of Congress.
He declared that the