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Postal service, federal Soon after the commencement of the first session of the first national Congress, Ebenezer Hazard, Postmaster-General, suggested (July 17, 1789) the importance of a reorganization of the Post-office Department. A bill for the temporary establishment of the general post-office was passed soon afterwards. The subject was brought up in Congress from time to time, until the present system in its general features was adopted in 1792. When Franklin resigned the office of Postmaster-General in 1776, the whole number of post-offices in the United States was 75; the whole number on Jan. 1, 1901, was 76,594, classified as follows: First-class, 208; second-class, 941; third-class, 3,280; fourth-class, 72,165; and Presidential, 4,429. Among these were 30,205 money-order offices and 2,085 money-order stations. The entire receipts of the Post-office Department during the administration of Dr. Franklin—about fifteen months—were $27,985, and the expenditures $32,142;