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A northwestern frontier State of the United States, is included almost wholly between lat. 45° and 49° N., and long.
104° and 116° W. It is bounded on the north by British America, east by North Dakota and South Dakota, south by Wyoming, the Yellowstone National Park, and Idaho, and west by Idaho.
Originally part of New France, ceded to Spain, 1763; receded to France, 1801; ceded to the United States, 1805; successively part of the Territory of Louisiana, 1805; Missouri, 1812; Missouri and Oregon, 1848; Washington, 1853; Nebraska, 1854; Dakota and Washington, 1861; Idaho, 1863.
Area 146,080 square miles in twenty-six counties.
Population, 1890, 132,159; in 1900, 243,329.
Sieur de la Verendrye and his sons, with a party of explorers, leave the Lake of the Woods, April 29, 1742; they reach the upper Missouri and Yellowstone rivers and arrive at the Rocky Mountains......January, 1743
Lewis and Clarke's expedition cross Montana to the Pacific Ocean.