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iance of the commander-in-chief, and was commended by Gates, Mifflin, and others. The Gates faction in Congress procured Conway's appointment as inspector-general of the army, with the rank of major-general, and made him independent of the chief. The conspirators hoped these indignities would cause Washington to resign, when his place might be filled by Gates. Then the conspiracy assumed another phase. Without the knowledge of Washington the board of war devised a winter campaign against Canada, and gave the command to Lafayette. It was a trick of Gates to detach the marquis from Washington. It failed. Lafayette was summoned to York to receive his commission from Congress. There he met Gates, Mifflin, and others, members of the board of war, at table. Wine circulated freely, and toasts abounded. At length the marquis, thinking it time to show his colors, said: Gentlemen, I perceive one toast has been omitted, which I will now propose. They filled their glasses, when he gave,
Venango (Pennsylvania, United States) (search for this): entry washingtoniana
Williamsburg, Oct. 31, and, after journeying more than 400 miles (more than half the distance through a dark wilderness), encountering incredible hardships and dangers, amid snow and icy floods and hostile Indians, he reached the French post of Venango, Dec. 4, where he was politely received, and his visit was made the occasion of great conviviality by the officers of the garrison. He had been joined at Cumberland (Md.) by five others. The free use of wine disarmed the French of their pruden, and they revealed to their sober guest their design to permanently occupy the region they then had possession of. Washington perceived the necessity of quickly despatching his business and returning to Williamsburg; and after spending a day at Venango, he pushed forward to Le Boeuf, the headquarters of St. Pierre, the chief commander, who entertained him politely four days, and then gave him a written answer to Dinwiddie's remonstrance, enveloped and sealed. Washington retraced his perilous
Tappan (New York, United States) (search for this): entry washingtoniana
Schuyler House, Pompton, N. J., 1777; the Ring House, at Chad's Ford, on the Brandywine, and the Elmar House, Whitemarsh, 1777; the Potts House, Valley Forge, 1777-78; Freeman's Tavern, Morristown, N. J., 1777-78; the Brinkerhoff House, Fishkill, N. Y., 1778; at Fredericksburg (in Putnam county, N. Y.) 1779; Ford Mansion, Morristown, 1779-80; New Windsor-on-the-Hudson, 1779, 1780, and 1781; Hopper House, Bergen county, N. J., 1780; Birdsall House, Peekskill, N. Y., 1780; De Windt House, at Tappan, 1780; Moore's house, Yorktown, Va., 1781; Hasbrouch House, Newburg, 1782, 1783; Farm-house at Rocky Hill, N. J., near Princeton, 1783; and Fraunce's Tavern, corner of Broad and Pearl streets, New York City, where he parted with his officers, 1783. During his whole military career Washington never received the slightest personal injury. In the desperate battle on the Monongahela, where Braddock was mortally wounded, Washington was the only officer unhurt. To his mother he wrote: I lucki
Eltham (Virginia, United States) (search for this): entry washingtoniana
not hit him. Fifteen years afterwards, when Washington was in the Ohio country, this chief travelled many miles to see the man who he and his followers, who tried to shoot him, were satisfied was under the protection of the Great Spirit. He said he had a dozen fair shots at him, but could not hit him. John Parke Custis, an only son of Mrs. Washington, by a former husband, was aide to the commander-in-chief at Yorktown, at the beginning of the siege. Seized with camp-fever, he retired to Eltham, the seat of Colonel Bassett, a kinsman, where he died. At the conclusion of the ceremonies at the surrender of Cornwallis, Washington hastened to the bed- Fac-Simile of Washington's order against profanity. Washington in 1789 (from savage's portrait). side of his dying step-son. He was met at the door by Dr. Craik, who told him that all was over. The chief bowed his head, and, giving vent to his sorrow by a flood of tears, he turned to the weeping widow—mother of four children—and s
Winchester, Va. (Virginia, United States) (search for this): entry washingtoniana
f a betrothal. He left the secret with a friend, who kept him informed of everything of importance concerning the rich heiress of Phillipse Manor on Hudson, but delayed to make the proposal of marriage. At length he was informed that he had a rival in Col. Roger Morris, his companion-in-arms under Braddock, who won the fair lady, and the tardy lover married the pretty little Martha Custis three years afterwards. After the capture of Fort Duquesne, Washington took leave of the army at Winchester with the intention of quitting military life. He had been chosen a member of the House of Burgesses of Virginia, and was affianced to the charming widow of Daniel Parke Custis, who was about his own age—twenty-six years. They were wedded at the White House, the residence of the bride, on Jan. 17, 1759. Then Washington took his seat in the Assembly at Williamsburg. At about the close of the honeymoon of Washington and his wife the speaker of the Assembly (Mr. Robinson), rising from his c
New York (New York, United States) (search for this): entry washingtoniana
Schuyler Colfax, a grandson of the last commander of the guard, had in his possession a document containing the autograph signatures of the corps in February, 1783, fac-similes of which have been published. Toryism was more rampant in the city of New York in the summer of 1776 than anywhere else on the continent. The Provincial Congress was timid, and Tryon, Washington's headquarters at New York. the royal governor, was active in fomenting disaffection from his marine retreat. Washington arrest of the faithless lifeguardsman, and he was hanged. The horrible plot was revealed, and traced to Tryon as its author. Under the proclamation of the brothers Howe, 2,703 persons in New Jersey, 851 in Rhode Island, and 1,282 in the city of New York and the rural districts subscribed a declaration of fidelity to the British King. Just before the limited time for the operation of this proclamation expired, Lord George Germain issued orders to the Howes not to let the undeserving escape
Stamford, Conn. (Connecticut, United States) (search for this): entry washingtoniana
tinental army with troops The Washington medal, Boston, March 17, 1776. represented in the corps. Its numbers varied. During the last year of the war there were only sixty-five; when, in 1780, the army at Morristown was in close proximity to the enemy, it was increased from the original 180 to 250. The last survivor of Washington's lifeguard was Serg. Uzel Knapp, who died in New Windsor, N. Y., Jan. 11, 1857, when he was a little past ninety-seven years of age. He was a native of Stamford, Conn., and served in the Continental army from the beginning of the war until its close, entering the lifeguard at Morristown, N. J., in 1780. After his death Sergeant Knapp's body lay in state in Washington's headquarters at Newburg three days, and, in the presence of a vast assemblage of people, he was buried at the foot of the flag-staff near that mansion. Over his grave is a handsome mausoleum of brown freestone, made from a design by H. K. Brown, the sculptor. Schuyler Colfax, a grand
Hudson River (Maryland, United States) (search for this): entry washingtoniana
this absence from camp that the treason of Arnold was revealed. Washington met Rochambeau a second time at Hartford. It was on May 21, 1781. Their meeting was celebrated by discharges of cannon. After partaking of refreshments, the generals and suites rode to Wethersfield, a few miles below Hartford, escorted by a few private gentlemen, and, at the house of Joseph Webb, where Washington was lodged, a conference was held. An agreement was then made for the French army to march to the Hudson River as speedily as possible. The earliest celebration of Washington's birthday found on record occurred in The Webb House. Richmond, Va., Feb. 11 (O. S.), 1782. The Virginia gazette, or the American Advertiser, made the following record four days after the event: Tuesday last, being the birthday of his Excellency, General Washington, our illustrious commander-inchief, the same was commemorated here with the utmost demonstrations of joy. The event was celebrated at Talbot Courthouse, Md
Harlem Heights (West Virginia, United States) (search for this): entry washingtoniana
n the year 1873, may be found the famous order against profanity, written by the commander-in-chief's own hand: The following is a list of the localities of the principal headquarters of Washington during the Revolutionary War; Craigie House, Cambridge (residence of the late Henry W. Longfellow), 1775-76; No. 180 Pearl Street and No. 1 Broadway, New York City, 1776; also Morton House (afterwards Richmond Hill), at the junction of Varick and Charlton streets; Roger Morris's house, Harlem Heights, New York, 1776; the Miller House, near White Plains, Westchester co., N. Y., 1776; Schuyler House, Pompton, N. J., 1777; the Ring House, at Chad's Ford, on the Brandywine, and the Elmar House, Whitemarsh, 1777; the Potts House, Valley Forge, 1777-78; Freeman's Tavern, Morristown, N. J., 1777-78; the Brinkerhoff House, Fishkill, N. Y., 1778; at Fredericksburg (in Putnam county, N. Y.) 1779; Ford Mansion, Morristown, 1779-80; New Windsor-on-the-Hudson, 1779, 1780, and 1781; Hopper House, Berge
Patrick Henry (Virginia, United States) (search for this): entry washingtoniana
the chief command. Members of Congress joined in this letter-writing in disparagement of the chief. A delegate from Massachusetts (Mr. Lovell) in a letter to Gates said, after threatening Washington with the mighty torrent of public clamor and vengeance : How different your conduct and your fortune! This army will be totally lost unless you come down and collect the virtuous band who wish to fight under your banner. And Dr. Benjamin Rush, of Philadelphia, in an anonymous letter to Patrick Henry, after declaring that the army at Valley Forge had no general at its head, said: A Gates, a Lee, or a Conway would in a few weeks render them an irresistible body of men. Some of the contents of this letter ought to be made public, in order to awaken, enlighten, and alarm our country. Henry treated the anonymous letter with contemptuous silence, and sent it to Washington. Rush's handwriting betrayed him. Conway had written to Gates concerning Washington: Heaven has been determined to s
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