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the enemy might be inclined to move on Raleigh as well as on Goldsboroa, had collected a portion of his forces at Smithfield, while General Hardee was on his way from Fayetteville to Raleigh, with part of his cavalry on the road leading to Raleigh, and part of it on the Goldsboroa road. On the 16th, at a point five miles south of Averysboroa, He was attacked by the two Federal corps under General Slocum and by Kilpatrick's cavalry. General Hardee had posted his force in two lines. On the first was formed Colonel Alfred Rhett's brigade of Regulars, from the defences of Charleston, supported by a battalion of light artillery and some of Hampton's cavalry. That line was attacked by Jackson's division, a part of Ward's, and by a portion of Kilpatrick's cavalry, in two successive assaults and a movement in front and flank. After repulsing with slaughter two attacks and maintaining the front line for several hours, the command fell back to the second line, which General Hardee held, d
ersburg and Richmond. G. T. Beauregard. Headquarters, Department N. C. and so. Va., June 3d, 1864. Genl. Braxton Bragg, Comdg., etc., Richmond, Va.: General,—That there may not be hereafter any possible misapprehension of the part I am called upon to act in the momentous events which are transpiring, and which I cannot but watch with the most intense interest and solicitude, I send you herewith copies of the telegrams which have been exchanged between General Lee and myself since the 1st inst., at 4 P. M. You will not doubt of my readiness and anxiety to co-operate with General Lee in any manner that may be deemed most conducive towards the crushing of the foe in his front. I shall be found ready and willing, at all times, to obey any orders the War Department may judge fit and proper to give on the subject; but I cannot, under existing circumstances, advise the withdrawal of more troops from this vicinity. Already thirteen thousand out of twenty thousand infantry have been
uld take her position as a guard-boat, in advance of the forts, as far as practicable to-night, and thereafter every night, for the present. Respectfully, your obedient servant, G. T. Beauregard, Genl. Comdg. Thinking also of the reinforcements he might have to order from General Walker's district, he, on the same day, instructed the President of the Charleston and Savannah Railroad to keep in readiness, at Pocotaligo Station, a train of cars capable of carrying a thousand men. On the 2d General Walker was written to, and advised as to the course he should pursue to protect the trestlework across the Savannah River and hold the railroad line to Charleston. All your movements, he was told, must look to the final defence of Charleston, where I shall concentrate all my troops when required. The enemy had evidently some design to accomplish up the Ogeechee River, for, on the 28th of February, he again attacked Fort McAllister, with an ironclad, three gunboats, and a mortarboat
unsafe the service of two guns hitherto available in that quarter. On the exterior, the chief injury done is to be noticed at southeast pass coupe and two next upper casemates on east front. From these localities the scarp has fallen away completely, and left the arches exposed, as well as the sand filling half down to the floor of the second tier. At 11.40 P. M. six monitors opened on Fort Sumter from distances of eight hundred to one thousand yards. They were joined, at 1 A. M., on the 2d, by the Ironsides, and together fired 185 shots, of which 116 struck outside, 35 inside, and 34 passed over. The projectiles used were 8-inch Parrotts, rifleshell, and 11 and 15 inch smooth-bore shot and shell. Fort Sumter was unable to answer, not having a gun in working order, but a heavy fire was kept up on the fleet from Fort Moultrie with good effect, two of the monitors being apparently injured, and requiring assistance when they retired. The effect of this fire on Fort Sumter was t
dge was commenced; it was completed on the 2d of November. General Steven D. Lee's corps was then thrown across the river, and immediately started some defensive lines around Florence. These were inspected, on the 5th, by General Beauregard, who materially modified all that part of them which was commanded by a height in front. Two divisions of General S. D. Leo's corps were now advanced on Shoal Creek, about seven or eight miles north of Florence. Unfortunately, heavy rains began on the 2d, and lasted for many days. The river rose rapidly, and the roads became impassable. Part of the bridge being submerged, Cheatham's corps, which was to have crossed shortly after Lee's, was unavoidably delayed. General Hood moved his headquarters to Florence on the 10th of November, preparatory to taking the offensive. On the 31st of the preceding month (October) he had sent this despatch to the Secretary of War: Florence is in our possession, and the pontoon-bridge is being laid down
's willingness to respond to the emergency, had, however, authorized the call upon him. Mr. Seddon's telegram to General Beauregard read: Your telegram of the 2d inst. is referred to me for answer. If General E. K. Smith can now act as you suggest, it would be well he should do so. You are authorized so to inform him, and to rn: Headquarters, Military division of the West, Montgomery, Ala., Dec. 13th, 1864. To General E. Kirby Smith, Comdg. Trans-Miss. Dept.: General,—On the 2d inst. General Beauregard transmitted to you, by his aide-de-camp, Captain Toutant, a letter requesting that you would, without delay, send to the support of General Hos now absent, and I am in receipt of a telegram from the Hon. Secretary of War directing General Beauregard to order the movement indicated in the letter of the 2d instant. In the absence of the General I transmit you a copy of the said letter, and request a speedy compliance with it. Your prompt attention and action are not on
ardee, who had informed him of the crossing of the enemy to James Island in front of his works, General Beauregard forwarded the following telegram: Columbia, S. C., Feb. 11th, 1865. Lieut.-General Hardee, Charleston, S. C.: By late movements of the enemy it is apparent that he intends to move upon Charleston, or to cut off your communications along the Northeastern Railroad. It is therefore advisable that you proceed to execute, as soon as possible, the movement agreed upon the 2d instant. Guard well your left flank and the crossings of the Santee. G. T. Beauregard. But General Hardee, for reasons which were never clearly explained, imprudently delayed following the advice thus given him. It is easy to understand that he was loath to abandon Charleston, in the effort to capture and destroy which millions of dollars had been spent in vain by the Federal Government, thousands of lives lost, and more than one military reputation irretrievably wrecked. No one felt greate
duct of the war in this quarter. You are aware, of course, of the fact that on or about the 2d ultimo an expedition set on foot by your predecessor in command, Major-General Hunter, entered the Cought to the city for disposition. The 11-inch Brooke gun, referred to in your letter of the 2d instant, will be dismounted and sent to the city for examination by Mr. Cameron and future orders. and give the officer there in command the benefit of his experience and assistance. On the 2d instant I reached Camp Milton, General Gardner's headquarters, in rear of McGirt's Creek, twelve or thton, S. C., Feb. 11th, 1865. Genl. Beauregard: Do you direct that the agreement made on the 2d inst. be carried into effect immediately? Please answer at once. W. J. Hardee, Lieut.-Genl. chmond, Va., Dec. 4th, 1864. Genl. G. T. Beauregard, Montgomery, Ala.: Your telegram of the 2d inst. is referred to me for answer. If General E. K. Smith can now act as you suggest, it would be w
n or Savannah. General Beauregard was accordingly authorized to recall his regiments, which he did without delay. They would have arrived too late to be of any assistance to General Finegan, as, upon that officer reaching St. John's Bluff, on the 3d, he found it already abandoned, though, in his opinion, there was a sufficient force to hold it, had Lieutenant-Colonel C. F. Hopkins, commanding the post, shown more spirit and determination. A court of inquiry, held October 11, at Colonel HopkAppendix to this chapter. General Beauregard's answer was as follows: Headquarters, Dept. S. C. and Ga., Charleston, S. C., Oct. 8th, 1862. Col. W. S. Walker, Comdg. Third Mil. Dist., McPhersonville, S. C.: Colonel,—Your letter of 3d instant, with its enclosures, has been received. Your instructions to the Commanding Officer at Hardeeville and to your pickets are approved of; hone more in detail can be furnished you from here. Our means are so limited at present, that it is impos
per two and a half days, instead of thirty-five days, as heretofore. Cannot a rifling and banding establishment be added to foundery at Savannah for guns there? G. T. Beauregard. 23. Turning his thoughts towards the defence of that part of Florida included in his command, General Beauregard caused the following instructions to be written to General Cobb: Headquarters, Department of S. C., Ga., and Fla., Charleston, S. C., Dec. 10th, 1862. General,—Your communication of the 3d instant has been duly received and considered by the Commanding General, who instructs me to answer it as follows: Captain Moreno was at these headquarters some days ago, and received verbal instructions to this effect: The Chattahoochee is to be obstructed at Fort Gaines, and a battery to be erected, to cover the obstructions, for two 32 and one 24 pounder pieces. At Rack Bluff, fifty-four miles above the junction with Flint River, another obstruction is to be established, with three batterie
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