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William T. Sherman (search for this): chapter 23
the State of North Carolina, by and between General Joseph E. Johnston, commanding the Confederate Army, and Major-General William T. Sherman, commanding the Army of the United States in North Carolina, both present. 1st. The contending armies noto carry out the above programme. J. E. Johnston, General Commanding Confederate States Army in North Carolina. W. T. Sherman, Major-General Commanding Army of the United States in North Carolina. General Breckinridge returned to Greensborf agreement, made on the 18th instant, by and between General J. E. Johnston, of the Confederate States Army, and General W. T. Sherman, of the United States Army, provided that paper should receive the approval of the Government of the United Stateennett's House, near Durham's Station, N. C., between Joseph E. Johnston, commanding the Confederate army, and Major-General W. T. Sherman, commanding the United States army, in North Carolina. 1. All acts of war on the part of the troops under G
W. T. Sherman (search for this): chapter 23
p. 334. Our addition differs from that of General Sherman, though made up from aggregates furnishedan's army, was then under his command. General Sherman's Memoirs. See his answer to General Johon to aid in the projected movement to oppose Sherman. Just at this time occurred the too long dd a gloomy account to give. He stated that Sherman, after the battle of Bentonville, had moved tin causing this letter to be forwarded to General Sherman. It was intrusted to the care of Lieutene day of the meeting of Generals Johnston and Sherman. The greater part of the Confederate forces,osed conference between Generals Johnston and Sherman, who met, accordingly, at noon, on the 17th,18th, but not in an official capacity, as General Sherman would have objected to that. It was thoun two despatches were brought to him from General Sherman, the purport of which is clearly explaine326. See also Admiral Porter's Account of General Sherman's Interview with Mr. Lincoln, Ibid., pp. [29 more...]
C. W. T. Sherman (search for this): chapter 23
will be permitted to return to their homes: not to be disturbed by the United States authorities so long as they observe their obligation and the laws in force where they may reside. J. E. Johnston, Genl. Comdg. Confed. States forces in N. C. W. T. Sherman, Maj.-Genl. Comdg. United States forces in N. C. Additional terms were agreed upon the next day between General Johnston and General Schofield, who had been empowered to complete all necessary arrangements relative to the surrender. We ask attention to General Sherman's letter to that effect, in the Appendix. The supplemental terms were as follows: 1. The field transportation to be loaned to the troops for their march to their homes, and for subsequent use in their industrial pursuits. Artillery horses may be used in field transportation, if necessary. 2. Each brigade or separate body to retain a number of arms equal to one-seventh of its effective strength, which, when the troops reach the capitals of their Stat
Greensboroa. As Salisbury appeared to be less threatened than Greensboroa by the enemy's cavalry—Stoneman's—reported to be advancing from Mount Airy and Wytheville, in West Virginia— General Beauregard ordered three brigades, under Featherstone, Shelly, and Gowan, with two light batteries, to move, without delay, in the direction of Greensboroa, whither he returned the same evening. Soon afterwards, Stoneman appearing more directly to threaten Danville, which was then defended by a mere handful of troops, under General H. H. Walker, General Beauregard sent him Shelly's brigade, of some six hundred men, three batteries from Hillsboroa, and also ordered thither General Wheeler's cavalry, which had been sent by General Johnston to aid in the projected movement to oppose Sherman. Just at this time occurred the too long delayed and now inevitable evacuation of Richmond (April 2d), which, in General Johnston's opinion, necessitated the recall of Wheeler's force, as General Sherman, alt<
C. J. M. Schofield (search for this): chapter 23
28,834 men; its left wing, under General Slocum, aggregating 28,063 men; its centre, under General Schofield, aggregating 26,392 men, exclusive of the artillery, numbering 2443 men, with 91 guns; and to General Johnston, vol. II., p. 347 For about fifteen days after its junction with General Schofield this army remained quiet near Goldsboroa, preparatory, as it appears, to the effort Genera after the battle of Bentonville, had moved to Goldsboroa, where he had formed a junction with Schofield, and had re-supplied himself with all He required, and was now advancing with fully ninety-onen N. C. Additional terms were agreed upon the next day between General Johnston and General Schofield, who had been empowered to complete all necessary arrangements relative to the surrender. neral Johnston's command to be included in the terms of this convention. J. E. Johnston, Genl. Comdg. Confed. States forces in N. C. J. M. Schofield, Maj.-Genl. Comdg. United States forces in N. C.
Pierre Soule Richmond (search for this): chapter 23
had now determined to take temporary refuge, supposing— and indeed knowing—that General Lee, upon his retreat from Petersburg, would endeavor to reach Danville with his army. Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government, vol. II., p. 668. The line of our defences around Petersburg was broken on the 2d of April, in the morning, and our troops were compelled to fall back on their inner works, thus making the evacuation of the city a mere question of hours. General Lee had advised that Richmond should be evacuated simultaneously with the withdrawal of his troops that night ; Ibid., vol. II., p. 661. and President Davis, informed of the disaster, began immediate preparations for his removal and that of the heads of the various State Departments from the capital of the Confederacy. He says: The event had come before Lee had expected it, and the announcement was received by us in Richmond with sorrow and surprise; for, though it had been foreseen as a coming event which might po
x as to the best mode of saving supplies and of collecting his own as well as other cavalry commands for the protection of Greensboroa. General Johnston had also been summoned to Greensboroa by the President. He arrived punctually, and at mid-day, on the 12th, after first consulting with General Beauregard, whose guest he then was, went, in his company, to meet Mr. Davis. The latter was found at his temporary headquarters, with three members of his Cabinet—Messrs. Benjamin, Mallory, and Reagan. After an exchange of formal courtesies, the President, without asking aught of the military condition in General Johnston's Department, or elsewhere, expressed his conviction that, by calling back the absentees and enlisting the men who had not, as yet, been reached by the Conscript Bureau, he could, in a few weeks' time, put a large army in the field, and thus enable us to go on with the struggle. These were very much the same views that he had previously expressed to General Beauregard
A. Toomer Porter (search for this): chapter 23
ed to the Republican party and its leaders. The South knew that, had President Lincoln's life been spared, he would have ratified the treaty entered upon by the commanders of the two armies then in the field; for, as both General Sherman and Admiral Porter testify, he wanted peace on almost any terms, and his greatest desire was to get the men composing the Confederate armies back to their homes, at work on their farms and in their shops. General Sherman's Memoirs, vol. II., p. 326. See also Admiral Porter's Account of General Sherman's Interview with Mr. Lincoln, Ibid., pp. 328, 329. It was the overstrained, embittered zeal of the new Federal Administration—born of a double crime, murder and apostasy—that destroyed in its bud the work of peace and reunion, so ably and liberally prepared —to their honor be it said—by Generals Johnston and Sherman. Apparently, the Secretary of War did not understand the meaning of General Johnston's last despatch to him; or his views might hav
the scattered soldiers and daily rapidly gather strength. Moral influence is wanting, and I am sure you can do much now to revive the spirit and hope of the people. Jeffn. Davis. General Johnston was, just then, busily engaged in removing stores and supplies from Raleigh, and in order to do so with more celerity he asked General Beauregard to send him one hundred cars, which was done. In his telegram, forwarded on that occasion, he also spoke of reinforcements (twelve hundred men of Pettus's brigade), which he was hurrying on to General Beauregard for the additional safety of Greensboroa. The necessity for such a movement was all the more urgent because, on the morning of that day (11th), the raiding cavalry had cut the Danville road, about twelve miles above Greensboroa, and had arrived in the afternoon at High Point and Jamestown, on the Salisbury road. The damage done, however, was not great, and could easily be repaired. Acting under the powers given him by General L
Jonathan M. Otey (search for this): chapter 23
Smithfield, April 9th, 1865. General G. T. Beauregard: The President wishes you to go to Danville immediately, to talk with him of general operations. J. E. Johnston. This indicated great anxiety on the part of the President; and though he knew that the alleged danger of an attack by General Thomas's army on Danville, at that time, was purely imaginary, General Beauregard took immediate steps to obey Mr. Davis's behest. He was on the point of starting, when he received from Colonel Otey, his Adjutant-General, at Greensboroa, the news of the capitulation of General Lee and his army on that day. The surrender of such an army, under such leaders, must necessarily cause discouragement and despair to settle upon the country. It was easy to see that the remaining Confederate forces, wherever they might be, would soon have to follow the example of General Lee's army, as our resources were small in comparison with those of the enemy, which seemed to be steadily increasing, whil
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