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rip, which was successfully made. On the 26th of May in the same year she left Savannah for Liverpool, making the trip in 22 days, during 18 of which she was propelled by steam-power From LiverpooLiverpool the Savannah went to Copenhagen, Stockholm, St. Petersburg, Cronstadt, and Arundel, and from the latter port returned to Savannah, making the passage in 25 days. The log-book of the Savannah was steamers was established. The first steamer of the line was the Britannia, which sailed from Liverpool, July 4, 1840. The company commenced with four ships, having an aggregate of 4,602 tons; the rth's Sanspareil. The inventor of the small boilerflues was Henry Booth, the Secretary of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway Company. Flues on a larger scale had been used by Smeaton 79 years bef By the use of steam on the canal, it is claimed that grain may be transported from Chicago to Liverpool via New York in 20 days. The Baxter steam canal-boats are about 97 feet long by 17 feet 7 i
telegraph has been used for operating time-signals at much greater distances; thus, the Greenwich time is indicated at Liverpool and other cities in England by the dropping of a ball by means of an electric circuit operated from Greenwich, the circthe circuit, the detent is withdrawn and the ball falls. By galvanometers placed in the circuits of the time wire to Liverpool, and the return wire, it was ascertained that the time elapsing between the receipt of the current in London and the discharge of the ball in Liverpool was 1 1/20 of a second; of this 2/20 were occupied by the automatic circuit-closer, 4/20 by the ball-trigger mechanism, leaving 5/20 of a second for the passage of the current by the underground wire. By means of is 7.300 feet long; and it has been proposed to construct a submarine tunnel 4,800 yards in length under the Mersey at Liverpool. This, however, does not compare in point of magnitude with the schemes for uniting Scotland and Ireland by tunneling
end view of a machine for welding plates, patented by W. S. Sutherland of Liverpool, England. It consists of carriage a, on which the tube b to be welded is placed, e process of locking canal-boats. See lock-canal, page 1341. The docks of Liverpool are the most extensive in the world. The wet-docks are 37 in number, having remainder on the Surrey side. The tonnage of London is three times that of Liverpool, but the Thames has spacious and convenient moorings, while the shipping of tafford berths for 461 vessels. The number of vessels passing in and out of Liverpool in 1860 was 48,317; equal to 132 per day. The docks of Liverpool are incloLiverpool are inclosed spaces taken from the river Mersey, the area afterward dug out. The London docks are excavated in the land on both sides of the river. The Bristol docks aror carrying passengers for short distances in and about the cities of London, Liverpool, and elsewhere. Boats for sporting and racing purposes are frequently made
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