hide Sorting

You can sort these results in two ways:

By entity
Chronological order for dates, alphabetical order for places and people.
By position (current method)
As the entities appear in the document.

You are currently sorting in ascending order. Sort in descending order.

hide Most Frequent Entities

The entities that appear most frequently in this document are shown below.

Entity Max. Freq Min. Freq
Europe 998 0 Browse Search
United States (United States) 994 0 Browse Search
England (United Kingdom) 766 0 Browse Search
France (France) 692 0 Browse Search
China (China) 602 0 Browse Search
London (United Kingdom) 494 0 Browse Search
Early English 488 0 Browse Search
Department de Ville de Paris (France) 458 0 Browse Search
James Watt 343 1 Browse Search
Herodotus 256 0 Browse Search
View all entities in this document...

Browsing named entities in a specific section of Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight). Search the whole document.

Found 2,881 total hits in 1,017 results.

1 2 3 4 5 6 ...
Auxerre (France) (search for this): chapter 18
tuted for the tiebeam. These are held partly by their pressure against each other and partly by the king or center post, and are tied to the feet of the rafters. 10 illustrates the roof-framing of the circus at Edinburgh. It will be seen that the downward pressure is distributed upon the rafters a a and stretchers b b′, which are so tied together by straps as to bring the stress of the outward thrust ultimately upon b. 11 covers the principal apartment of the Episcopal Palace at Auxerre, France. Two sets of stays g g′ are inserted above the tie-beam, between the king-post and principal rafters; a series of curved ribs receives the ceiling plank. 12 is Norman roof; so called because it was introduced by that people into Southern Europe. The rafters a a butt against joggles on the king-posts b b, between which braces are disposed. 13 shows in dotted lines a way by which a pointed Gothic roof was converted into a flat roof by carrying the nave walls up so as to obtain a cl
Agra (Uttar Pradesh, India) (search for this): chapter 18
mns, obelisks, and other immense blocks, weighing hundreds of tons. The royal roads of Persia ran by the side of the common roads, and were reserved for the uses of the king alone. They were kept in better condition than the common roads, and gave rise to that remark of Euclid, the mathematician, to Ptolemy Philadelphus, at a dinner in the Museum of Alexandria, There is no royal road to geometry. The Moguls constructed good roads in India, with a distancestone at the end of every koss. Agra, Lahore, and Cashmere were thus connected. With the death of Aurungzebe these improvements ceased, and the works commenced to decay. At a comparatively late date the work of improvement of the Indian roads has been pursued with vigor. The Grand Trunk Road connects Calcutta with Peshawur on the borders of Affghanistan. The military roads of Peru were built, one on the plateau, the other on the shore. The former, for nearly 2,000 miles, crossed sierras, gorges, and rivers, by tunnels,
Paraje (New Mexico, United States) (search for this): chapter 18
0.36 Washington. Ark54.50 Springdale, Ky.48.58 Marietta, Ohio42.70 Cleveland. Ohio37.61 Detroit. Mich.30.05 Mackinac, Mich.23.96 Richmond, Ind.43.32 Peoria, Ill41.25 Milwaukee, Wis.30.40 Fort Snelling, Minn.25.11 Muscatine, Iowa42.88 St. Louis, Mo.42.18 Fort Gibson, Ind. Ter.36.37 Fort Towson, Ind. Ter.51.08 Fort Leavenworth, Kan.31.74 Fort Kearney, Neb.25.25 Fort Randall, Dak.16.51 Fort Laramic, Wyoming15.16 Fort Massachusetts, Col.17.06 Fort Garland, Col6.11 Fort Craig, New Mexico11.67 Fort Marcy, New Mexico16.65 Fort Defiance, Arizona14.21 Salt Lake, Utah23.85 Fort Bridger, Utah6.12 Sacramento, Cal19.56 San Francisco, Cal21.69 San Diego, Cal9.16 Meadow Valley, Cal57.03 Dalles, Oregon21.74 Fort Hoskins, Oregon66.71 Fort Vancouver, Washington Territory38.84 Fort Colville, Wash. Ter.9.83 Neah Bay, Wash. Ter123.35 Sitka, Alaska83.39 Vera Cruz, Mexico183.20 Cordova, Mexico112.08 Bermuda55.34 San Domingo107.6 Havana, Cuba91.2 Rio Janeiro, Brazil
Tynemouth (United Kingdom) (search for this): chapter 18
there was a post-house. Humboldt declares the road magnificent. We learn from the venerable Bede (A. D. 700) that the Roman roads of England were built at various periods in the second, third, and fourth centuries; the people, criminals, and the Roman soldiery being employed thereon. The four principal ones were, — 1. Watling Street; from Kent, by way of London, to Cardigan Bay, in Wales. 2. Ikenild Street; from St. David's, Wales, by way of Birmingham, Derby, and York, to Tynemouth, England. 3. Fosse Way; from Cornwall to Lincoln. 4. Ermin Street; from St. David's to Southampton. In many places the remains are yet visible; in many others the old pavement is below the surface, having been buried by the vegetable growth of centuries, or covered by earth from other natural cause, such as land-slips and watercourses. Highways were first made public in many parts of England by the Romans. In the time of Edward I. they were ordered to be widened and cleared of tree
Dauphine (France) (search for this): chapter 18
he Via Aemilia extended from Rimini to Piacenza. The smaller ways were the Via Praenestina to Palestrina (the ancient Praeneste); Tiburtina to Tivoli; Ostiensis to Ostia; Laurentina to Laurentum, south of Ostia; Salaria, etc. Under Julius Caesar the capital of the Empire was in complete communication with all the principal cities by paved road. During the last African war a paved road was constructed through Spain and Gaul to the Alps. These roads connected the capital with Savoy, Dauphine, and Provence, Germany, all parts of Spain, Gaul, Constantinople, Hungary, Macedonia, and the mouths of the Danube. On the other sides of the intervening waters these roads were continued in Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, England, Asia, and Africa. The Roman roads were distinguished by the names Via, Actus, Iter, Semita, Trames, Diverticulum, Divertium, Callais, etc. The Via was the best, and had a width of 8 Roman feet. The Vioe Militari and other important roads in the neighborhoo
Sandwich (United Kingdom) (search for this): chapter 18
said to be furnished with rails of 30 feet. A Welsh rolling-mill furnished a Barlow rail 52 1/2 feet long, but it was done as a trophy. Wrought-iron rafters were rolled at Phoenixville, Pa., for the United States Capitol, having a length of 51 1/6 feet. Iron plates for the Collins steamers were rolled at Troy, N. Y., 60 feet in length, from piles of 700 pounds weight. Depth. The depth of the most lasting English rails is stated to be from 4 1/2 to 5 1/2 inches, mostly 5 inches. The Sandwich rail is made with a depth of 8 inches, the web being very deep, and from 1/4 to 3/8 inch thick. It is prevented from lateral deflection by side sleepers which clamp the web, and the head of the rail rests on the side supports. The great depth saves the rail from vertical deflection, and the longitudinal sleepers preserve it laterally. The rail is double-headed. A rail is an iron beam, and the stiffness is as the cube of the depth; the result being modified by the flanges. Width.
Westphalia (North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany) (search for this): chapter 18
k. These two rails had, during the period of little more than three years, been exposed to the traffic of 9,550,000 engines, trucks, and carriages, and 95,577,240 tons. It is an amount of traffic equal to nearly ten times that which destroyed the Great Northern rails in three years. The result of this trial was to induce the London and Northwestern to enter very extensively into the employment of steel rails. Railway rails are made of puddled steel at the Hoerder Iron and Steel Works, Westphalia. The process consists in bringing a number of balls together to a heavy hammer (say a 12-ton steamham-mer), which welds them together into a homogeneous bloom. The faces of the hammer and anvil are hollow, so as to keep the metal together, and the bloom is sent at the same heat to the rolls. A number of puddled steel balls are welded into one, in a furnace, as a single puddled ball is not large enough to make a rail. Weight. The tendency to increase the stability of the track by in
Portugal (Portugal) (search for this): chapter 18
in lower latitudes. There are six maximum points of rainfall in Europe, estimated in rainy days, not quantity, — Norway, Scotland, S. W. Ireland and England, Portugal, N. E. Spain, Lombardy. In Ireland it rains 208 days in the year. In England it rains 150 days in the year. In Kazan it rains 90 days in the year. InDuring the reigns of Elizabeth of England, and Peter of Russia, laws were enacted to compel certain classes to shave. The people were disgusted. In Spain and Portugal the whiskers became the great objects of attention, and the loss of honor was followed by the loss of whiskers. John de Castro, in the reign of Catharine, Queen of Portugal, pledged one of his whiskers to the merchants of Goa, as security for a loan of 1,000 piasters. The whiskers belonging to the image of Confucius are supposed to be capable of imparting wisdom and manly beauty to any one who may wear them. Unfortunately, decapitation is the reward of any one who removes them from
South America (search for this): chapter 18
windward sides, while those to leeward receive little or none. Thus the trade-wind districts of the west coast of South America are rainless, the moisture brought from the Atlantic by these winds being in part discharged upon the eastern plains res. Ficus elastica, etcEast Indies Urceola elasticaE. Indian Islands CopalHymenaea (various)W. Africa, E. Indies, South AmericaUsed for varnish. DammarDammara australisNew Zealand.Used in making varnish. Obtained from Cowdi pine. Found where alcohol) for staining material for marble, wood, leather, etc., and to color varnishes. Canaries Dracaena draco, etcSouth America ElemiTropicsOintment, plasters, varnish. GalbanumFerula galbanifluaLevantUsed in pharmacy. GambogeCambogia guttaCadge. Bridges of rope were probably first constructed in China. They are of frequent occurrence among the Andes of South America, where the ropes are made of ox-hide thongs twisted together; two are usually employed, their ends being attached on
Leicestershire (United Kingdom) (search for this): chapter 18
nts of rails are sometimes made to act as fish-plates, to secure exact continuity to the abutting rails and support their ends. The long lips of the chair embrace the webs of each rail. They are or were made 15x18, 16x13, 14x 11, the length in the direction of the rail. Rails are bolted or keyed to the chairs, many devices of each kind having been introduced in this country and in Europe. Mr. Jessop of England first invented the rail-chair in 1789, and used it at Loughborough, in Leicestershire. The rail used by Mr. Jessop was a cast-iron rail, laid edgeways. The chair was cast-iron, and was slotted to receive the ends of the rails, which had a bearing therein. It was used in connection with a castiron, fish-bellied edge-rail which he introduced in the same year. He had previously pinned the rails direct to the sleepers. Railway-chairs. A chair for railway rails was patented by Loch and Stephenson in 1816. The rail to which it was first adapted was a fishbellied rail,
1 2 3 4 5 6 ...