hide Sorting

You can sort these results in two ways:

By entity
Chronological order for dates, alphabetical order for places and people.
By position (current method)
As the entities appear in the document.

You are currently sorting in ascending order. Sort in descending order.

hide Most Frequent Entities

The entities that appear most frequently in this document are shown below.

Entity Max. Freq Min. Freq
Europe 998 0 Browse Search
United States (United States) 994 0 Browse Search
England (United Kingdom) 766 0 Browse Search
France (France) 692 0 Browse Search
China (China) 602 0 Browse Search
London (United Kingdom) 494 0 Browse Search
Early English 488 0 Browse Search
Department de Ville de Paris (France) 458 0 Browse Search
James Watt 343 1 Browse Search
Herodotus 256 0 Browse Search
View all entities in this document...

Browsing named entities in a specific section of Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight). Search the whole document.

Found 1,332 total hits in 569 results.

... 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 ...
Holland (Netherlands) (search for this): chapter 4
h-water sealevel. The dikes in some parts of Holland are thirty feet above the ordinary level of t been generally adopted throughout France and Holland, and partially in England. It is considered e sand-banks which lie upon the sea-shores of Holland are called dunes; hence Dunchurch in England,e United States. The pumping-engines used in Holland at the Haarlem Mere are vertical double-cylin rolling. 1. The lifting-bridge is used in Holland upon the canals and in fortifications, in platch Clink′er. A yellow, hard brick made in Holland. Dutch foil. A copper alloy, rolled or Dutch foil. A copper alloy, rolled or hammered. See Dutch gold, called also Dutch leaf ; Dutch metal ; Dutch mineral. Dutch gold. made into the Dutch leaf used in bronzing. Dutch′ing. The process of removing the membraneouter of the quill, rendering it transparent. Dutch′man. (Carpentry.) A playful name for a bl A variegated or painted glazed tile made in Holland and formerly used for lining their capacious [2 more.
Lorca (Spain) (search for this): chapter 4
room, of a dining-hall, or room of ceremony. On it the dining-table of celebrities was placed. Its present use is for a throne or rostrum. Dale. A spout or trough to carry off water; as a pump-dale. Dam. 1. A bank or structure across the current of a stream. Dams for reservoirs are among the most important of all embankments, as their failure entails such extensive disasters. The dam of the Estrecho de Rientes, in Spain, was situated in a valley a little above the town of Lorca, and was designed to hold the water to a hight of 167 feet. After eleven years use the weight of water, which had attained a hight of 156 feet, April 30, 1802, burst the wall, making a tunnel 100 feet high and 70 feet broad, discharging the whole contents in less than an hour. The oatastrophe was caused by the water finding its way through the sand and gravel at the bottom of the valley. 608 persons were drowned, 809 houses destroyed, and the damage to property was estimated at $700,
Benares (Uttar Pradesh, India) (search for this): chapter 4
tallic scales. Dr. Hooker, in his Notes in Bengal, Nepaul, etc, gives sketches of the sun-dials in the Observatory of Benares. This observatory was built by Jey Sing, Rajah of Jayanagar, upwards of 200 years ago. His skill in mathematical sciencstronomy, translated for the American Oriental Society, and published in their journal, Vol. VI. Equatorial sun-dial (Benares). About 771 years before the Christian Era, the Assyrian king Phul invaded Samaria. Thirty-one years afterward, Peklato, and just a little previous to the lunar eclipses observed at Babylon, as recorded by Ptolemy. Equinoctial dial (Benares). The opinions as to the construction of the dial of Ahaz vary considerably, and the Hebrew word is said, by Colonelphilologists of the nineteenth century! We adhere to the supposition that the dial of Ahaz was a structure like that of Benares. It will be noticed that the chronicler does not state the result in hours, but in degrees, — a mathematical mode of
Saxony (Saxony, Germany) (search for this): chapter 4
in the defence, but placed outside the body of the place. De-tach′ing horses from Car′riages. A means for suddenly releasing an unmanageable team from the vehicle. The Marquis of Worcester, in his Century of inventions, 1655, describes an apparatus of this kind, under command of the passengers, in which, by means of a T-ended lever, two or four bolts could be simultaneously drawn inwards, and the horses thereby released with the greatest possible ease and certainty. Hohlfield of Saxony, 1711 – 71, contrived a carriage in which the person could by a single push loosen the pole and set the horses at liberty. William's English patent, 1802, operates by a cord releasing a bolt, which allows the studs to which the traces are attached to rotate and the traces to slip off. Since these, numerous devices have been suggested, but have not come extensively into use. De-tect′or. 1. An arrangement in a lock, introduced by Ruxton, by which an over-lifted tumbler is caught b
Sonora (California, United States) (search for this): chapter 4
Spain, tambour in France. The native drums or tam-tams of the Asiatics are made of sonorous bronze with a skin covering, preferably a lizard skin, and are beaten by the hand. They are allied to the darabooka of Egypt and the Syrian drum. The Chinese and Maudshu words for drum are onomatopoetic, and are respectively kan-kan and tung-tung. The forms of drums among the Japanese are various,—kettle-drums, table-drums, tam-tams, suspended tambourines. The drum of the Yucca Indians of Sonora is about 20 inches in diameter, and consists of a skin stretched on a wooden hoop. The skin is apparently that of a buffalo calf, and is tightened by cords. It has but one head, like a tambourine. Stove-drum. Drummond's lamp. John Ziska, the Hussite, died of the plague, and before he expired ordered that his skin be made into the covering of a drum, to be beaten in the advance. His name shall beat the advance, like Ziska's drum. This noted Pole fought the Emperor Sigismund
Catania (Italy) (search for this): chapter 4
ipparchus, 150 B. C., learned the length of the year, that the four quarters of the year are not of equal length, and also observed the precession of the equinoxes. See armillary sphere. Before the time of the erection of a sun-dial in the Quirinus by L. Papyrius Cursor, 293 B. C., the time was called by watches, which divided the time between the rising and setting of the sun. About thirty years after, the Consul Marcus Valerius Messala brought to Rome a dial from the spoils of Catania, in Sicily, and this he placed on a pillar near the rostrum; but, not being calculated for the latitude of Rome, it was inexact. The obelisk erected by Augustus in the Campus Martius was brought by his orders from Egypt. It was originally hewn for Pharaoh Sesothis, according to Pliny, and was 76 3/4 feet in hight. After being long buried in ruins, it was disinterred but not reerected by Pope Benedict XIV., and was found to be broken. Pliny states that in its position in the Campus Martius i
Edinburgh (United Kingdom) (search for this): chapter 4
tan, for hoisting. The invention is nautical, the original being the sailor's contrivance, made of a spare topmast or a boom, and the appropriate tackle. Such are used in masting, putting in boilers and engines, and hoisting heavy merchandise on board or ashore. The derrick-crane is a combination of the two devices, as its name imports, having facility for hoisting and also for swinging the load horizontally. Derrick-crane. The machine illustrated was made by Wightman of Edinburgh, Scotland, and consists of a vertical post supported by two timber back-stays whose feet are anchored to the earth. The jib or movable spar of the derrick is hinged to and near the foot of the post, its top being held by a chain which passes over pulleys to a winch on the post, so that the inclination of the jib may be adjusted as required. The fall of the hoisting-tackle is passed over a sheave on the summit of the jib, and thence down the jib to the hoisting-winch. This derrick-crane comma
East River (New York, United States) (search for this): chapter 4
ter; the latter introducing the annular drill-head (shown at a′, Fig. 1631), which is a steel ring studded with black diamonds. The heads of the drills used at the Mont Cenis Tunnel, and the excavations by General Newton at Hallet's Point, East River, N. Y., were of this character. Fig. 1632 represents a prospecting or open-cut drill detached from the boiler which drives it. The two oscillating engines c drive the bevel-gearing d, which rotates the drill-bar e f from 900 to 1,000 revolutionaping mud, sand, or silt from the bed of a stream, pond, or other body of water. Such are usually on endless chains. See dredging-machine. The clam-shell dredge used for removing the excavated material from the working-chamber of the East River, New York, bridge caisson, consists of a pair of scoops which are hinged to an axis and close upon the load, whether a mass of mud or gravel, or boulder of moderate size. The dredge ascends and descends in a vertical water-shaft in which the water
Lincolnshire (United Kingdom) (search for this): chapter 4
eyer, a Dutch engineer, had a dredging-machine on the principle of the French chapelet; a long trough being lowered to the mud, and traversed by an endless chain provided with boards at intervals. The boards scraped up the mud and carried it up in the trough, from whose upper end it was discharged into lighters. A horsewheel was employed. In the reign of Charles I., Balme made a vertical wheel with six buckets, which worked between boats and raised mud. It was employed in the fens of Lincolnshire. About 1708, Savery patented a steam dredgingmachine for raising ballast from the Thames. In 1796, Watt made a steam dredger for deepening Sunderland Harbor. The dredging-machine described by the Marquis of Worcester was a water-screw, but the bottom made of iron plate, spade-wise, which at the side of a boat emptieth the mud of a pond or raiseth gravel. The dredging-machine described in the Theatrum Instrumentorum et Machinarum, 1578, was rather an elevator than a dredger. T
Nuremberg (Bavaria, Germany) (search for this): chapter 4
lates. e represents forms of pinion wire. f shows faney forms of wire used with others as pins in the surface of a wooden block used in calico-printing. The essential feature of wire-drawing is the drawplate. This was probably known at Nuremberg early in the fourteenth century, and how much before is not apparent. The History of Augsburg, 1351, and that of Nuremberg, 1360, mention the wire-drawer (Drahzieher). The draw-plate was imported into France by Archal, and into England by SchuNuremberg, 1360, mention the wire-drawer (Drahzieher). The draw-plate was imported into France by Archal, and into England by Schultz (1565). The drawplate is probably an Oriental invention. The draw-plate is made of a cylindrical piece of cast-steel, one side being flatted off. Several holes of graduated sizes are punched through the plate from the flat side, and the holes are somewhat conical in form. The wire is cleaned of its oxide in a tumbling-box, and is then annealed. It is then drawn through as many of the holes in succession as may be necessary to bring it to the required size. The wire is occasionally ann
... 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 ...