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rom the river, were also intrenched in the Nickajack square, having that winding creek and Ruff's Mills for protection. News brought us from scouts declared that from 1,000 to 1,200 slaves had been there employed. On June 29th Sherman had everything clearly mapped out. He was heaping up stores to enable him to cut loose from his railroad. He now aimed to get upon that railroad somewhere below Marietta by turning around Schofield as a door around a free hinge. In a telegram sent to Halleck, at Washington, the last day of June, Sherman showed what he was doing: To-morrow night I propose to move McPherson from the left to the extreme right .... This will bring my right within three miles of the Chattahoochee and about five of the railroad (at the place where the railroad crossed the river]. By this movement I think I can force Johnston to move his army down from Kenesaw to defend his railroad crossing and the Chattahoochee. . . . Johnston may come out of his intrenchments an
Thomas John Wood (search for this): chapter 2.34
nite could be found out, so many skirmishers did the Confederates keep in our front-nothing sure till about 2.45 A. M. of July 3d. The enemy then had gone, and Stanley's skirmishers were in their works! At three o'clock similar reports came from Wood and Newton. Immediately my corps was assembled. At 5 A. M. it was light enough to move, without danger of running upon other troops. Stanley's division, full of excitement, the front covered by a good skirmish line, pushed on toward Mariettaght, when all sleepers were startled by an alarming cannonade that continued for half an hour. Meanwhile, our officers had detachments in secure places near the river's bank and were moving about and giving commands. This was a ruse I General T. J. Wood's entire division was kept under arms during the whole demonstration, and at hand during the night, ready for any work that might come. A mere ruset No, not exactly, for we would have gladly made a crossing there had not the enemy been too
extreme right. Hood was made uneasy by McPherson's works. The enemy, he wrote, is turning my left and my forces are insufficient to defeat this design or hold him in check. Johnston instantly on this report dispatched (Cheatham's) division. That, however, was not enough. In the evening of that same Fourth of July G. W. Smith declared that the Yankee cavalry was pressing him with such force that he would have to abandon the ground he had been holding and retire before morning to General Shoup's line of redoubts. As soon as Johnston received this ominous dispatch, which, as he said, threatened an important route to Atlanta and one that was nearer to that city than his main body, he instantly declared the necessity of abandoning the position and of taking a new line ; and so before the morning he drew back from the outer lines to the inner lines of the bridgehead, sending his cavalry and some artillery to the south bank of the Chattahoochee. From all quarters as early as 4
kept his cavalry and infantry creeping on and on down the Sandtown road, till Stoneman, on the lead, had actually touched the Chattahoochee River; and we had alreadyemence, at any cost of life or material. Sherman was sending McPherson with Stoneman's cavalry ahead down by the Nickajack to the Chattahoochee far below Johnston'nfederates as to prevent their accumulation of force in front of McPherson and Stoneman. He and I were walking about from point to point in a thin grove of tall treeas gradually executed, the outworks taken, and some fifty prisoners captured. Stoneman now held our side of the river to Sandtown. The position of the Confederate have had a Sherman or a Thomas for an opponent. By the 14th Sherman wanted Stoneman back from the crossing below us of the Chattahoochee, at least as far as Sandtalmer the rightmost, Hooker next, and I next, then Schofield, then McPherson. Stoneman was back by the night of July 16th, so that we were all in active march the mo
reme left, where was G. W. Smith with his Georgia troops supporting General Jackson's cavalry. Wheeler's cavalry division watched the extreme right. Hood was made uneasy by McPherson's works. Thto the left into the wagon road that leads to Pace's Ferry. Now from that station we came upon Wheeler's cavalry dismounted and skirmishing from behind barricades. Our infantry skirmishers soon cthe river; Colonel Jackson and his active cavalry were working below the Confederate army, and Wheeler above the Marietta and Atlanta railway crossing of the Chattahoochee, to and beyond the Roswellion to go there. As soon as Garrard could charge into the place he drove out the detachment of Wheeler's cavalry and destroyed the factories. The Confederate guard had rushed over the Chattahoocheeng the center. Hood's right was strengthened by General G. W. Smith with his Georgia troops. Wheeler with his cavalry watched the front and right, and Jackson the left. Just as Johnston had put
George H. Thomas (search for this): chapter 2.34
n may come out of his intrenchments and attack Thomas, which is what I want, for Thomas is well intrThomas is well intrenched parallel with the enemy south of Kenesaw. The proposed march was only to proceed down the cavalry in his place; he moved on down behind Thomas, stretching to the Nickajack. But Logan's Fifounted. I had halted my head of column till Thomas could stop Hooker's cross march and let me taks some of his energy in the following words to Thomas: The more I reflect, the more I know, Jos restored, and the second was in progress. Thomas had found it impracticable to cross the river Sherman brought Schofield's corps back near to Thomas's left and rear, and located him at Smyrna cam itself. Having the same Fourth Corps under Thomas I was already near the middle of our concave lng, I rode back at daylight of the 20th to General Thomas near Buckhead, where he had slept the nighwo divisions. We must act independently, said Thomas, with almost a smile. Fortunately for me, Tho[8 more...]
e right and Hardee's on the left of that road. Hood's stretched off toward the extreme left, where cavalry division watched the extreme right. Hood was made uneasy by McPherson's works. The enemgusta Railroad; and Hardee holding the center. Hood's right was strengthened by General G. W. Smitherman, and ordered him to turn over his army to Hood. It is plain that Hood himself was taken unawaHood himself was taken unawares, and naturally felt unprepared for so large a contract as that now imposed. Johnston says: At Hood's earnest request I continued to give orders until sunset. And further: In transferring the command to General Hood, I explained my plans to him. We will not delay upon these plans, for HHood tried to carry them out. The difference was not in the plans, but in the execution. Johnston waof Thomas's center, had gone on too rapidly for Hood's calculations. He had already in long gaps br swiftly approaching Atlanta from the east that Hood had to stretch his lines farther around the gre[1 more...]
hom he was to aid and support till the remainder of his corps should arrive. Something delayed King all that day, but the night of July 2d King was on hand, and McPherson was about to pull out the remainder of his troops from their lines, when Harrow, one of his division commanders, reported that when he tried to withdraw, the enemy advanced in column and were forming in line of battle near his picket line. Sherman, watching this news by the wires, ordered Harrow to stay where he was, andHarrow to stay where he was, and in fact, all of Me-Pherson's men still there, to delay; and announced that all of us would do what we could during the night to get at the facts. But he said: We must not attempt any night movement with large forces, because confusion would result, but must be prepared at break of day to act according to the very best information we can gather during the night. That Friday night was a feverish one on our lines, and, I doubt not, a troubled one on the Confederate side; for until after twelv
William J. Hardee (search for this): chapter 2.34
neman now held our side of the river to Sandtown. The position of the Confederate army was in two lines running across the Atlanta Railroad at right angles near where the railroad bent off toward the river. Loring's corps was on the right and Hardee's on the left of that road. Hood's stretched off toward the extreme left, where was G. W. Smith with his Georgia troops supporting General Jackson's cavalry. Wheeler's cavalry division watched the extreme right. Hood was made uneasy by McPhe, full of hope and courage, located his splendidly disciplined and veteran troops as follows: Stewart, succeeding Polk, on the left touching the Chattahoochee; Hood on the right from Clear Creek around to some point near the Augusta Railroad; and Hardee holding the center. Hood's right was strengthened by General G. W. Smith with his Georgia troops. Wheeler with his cavalry watched the front and right, and Jackson the left. Just as Johnston had put everything in capital shape to repulse us
ll, he had issued a set of general orders, which, germinating ever since, at last came out: King's division of Palmer's corps was designated to go off northward to puzzle the Confederate Kenesawhom he was to aid and support till the remainder of his corps should arrive. Something delayed King all that day, but the night of July 2d King was on hand, and McPherson was about to pull out the King was on hand, and McPherson was about to pull out the remainder of his troops from their lines, when Harrow, one of his division commanders, reported that when he tried to withdraw, the enemy advanced in column and were forming in line of battle near his's staff to bring matters into some order, and another half hour was lost by me in their marching King's division back to Palmer athwart my path. At last we were ready to advance. I had the left, Hoing his outer line with mine, all within plain sight of the Confederate outposts. On my right, King's division, also connecting with mine, was close up to the Confederate skirmishers, and intrenche
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