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Official Records (search for this): chapter 17
nfantry from Virginia to reinforce Bragg, The earliest notice of this movement received by the government was from General Meade, September 14, 1863. See Official Records, Serial No. 50, p. 35. and had gathered from Alabama and Mississippi all the detachments and garrisons they could replace by calling back to the colors the mounts, and recommended that the chief quartermaster of that army should be allowed to purchase them. This entire series of despatches will be found in the Official Records, Serial No. 50, pp. 182-221. On the 17th headquarters were still without information of Longstreet's arrival. The next day reports were received from variouortifications. In addition to these despatches Dana also wrote letters from time to time to the Secretary of War, but as they have not been published in the Official Records it is probable that they were considered as private and confidential. Dana himself kept no copies, and if the originals are in existence they will probably
other business as pressed upon him, Dana found time to write to me in his own hand from the War Department, July 21, 1863. As this letter has never been published elsewhere, I give it in part as follows: I got here very safely, and find everybody in distress because Meade failed to capture Lee. There can be no question that a vigorous attack, seasonably made, must have resulted in the surrender of his entire army. Meade was anxious to make it, but his four principal corps commanders, Sykes, Sedgwick, Slocum, and French, all his seniors in rank, were so determinedly opposed to it, while the only one who strongly urged it, Wadsworth, was only a temporary corps commander and a volunteer to boot, that he yielded and let the critical opportunity go by. The President wrote him a letter recommending such an attack, but it came too late, by some accident. The facts since discovered show that there was no possibility of our failure. ... There is no talk of removing General Meade or
om the rear. Recognizing that with the break-down of the transport department the soldiers themselves would soon be starving, unless the most vigorous efforts should be put forth to shorten the line of supplies and to maintain it intact against interruption by the enemy, he reported that the appointment of Baldy Smith as chief engineer of the department infuses much energy and judgment into that branch of the operations ; that the department staff had been entirely reorganized, with Major-General Reynolds chief of staff, General Smith engineer, and General Brannan chief of artillery, and that the remarkable strength of the new staff cannot fail to add much to the discipline of the army. On October 8th he mentions General Rousseau as one who seems to be regarded throughout this army as an ass of eminent gifts --that the consolidation of the two corps was well received and must produce the most happy consequences --but to avoid the impression that the measure was intended as a token
Joseph E. Johnston (search for this): chapter 17
rtment, August 11, 1863. Omitting purely personal matters, I quote as follows: You speak with regret of Sherman's retreat from Pearl River. I had the same feeling at first, but on reflection have come to doubt the possibility of pursuing Johnston to the Tombigbee with adequate results, owing to the want of water in the country and the exposure of the line of supplies to being cut by the enemy. The vital place of attack is Mobile, in my judgment, and when you once have that post in your there, Rosecrans will have to retreat beyond the Tennessee. Only that morning he had reported for the first time that Longstreet was certainly there. Two hours and a half later, on the testimony of an intelligent deserter, he added that all of Johnston's Mississippi army was with Bragg, that Mobile had been stripped of soldiers, and that the entire Confederacy seemed to be concentrated in front of Chattanooga. While it turned out later that these reports were not literally correct, that Ewell
George Opdyke (search for this): chapter 17
Chapter 16: Dana returns to Washington Duty in War Department letters to Colonel Wilson Joins Rosecrans campaign and battle of Chickamauga despatches and letters from Chattanooga Grant ordered to Chattanooga Meets Stanton at Louisville Dana was the first man from Vicksburg to reach Washington, and although he was anxious to rejoin his family for a few days' rest, and was besought by his friends, George Opdyke, the merchant, and Mr. Ketchum, the banker, to go into business, at the earnest solicitation of Stanton he concluded to remain in the service of the War Department. He had been appointed assistant secretary during the Vicksburg campaign, but probably for the reason that Congress had not yet authorized a second assistant his name was not sent to the Senate for confirmation to that office till January 20, 1864. It should, however, be noted that it was acted on almost immediately. It will be remembered that the double victory of Vicksburg and Gettysburg mar
r capable soldier in the volunteer army. I am off for Burnside this P. M., and then to Rosecrans. As soon as it beca, as he had reported those of the Army of the Tennessee. Burnside had been sent to repossess east Tennessee, and it was expe secretary's instructions required that Dana should join Burnside first, but not finding that feasible he proceeded to joine best possible condition. Its left flank was secured by Burnside's occupation of east Tennessee, but the broken and difficched Atlanta, and this caused Dana to notify Stanton that Burnside's forces were needed by Rosecrans. At noon, September 18ooga by troops from every quarter that could spare them. Burnside was again ordered down from east Tennessee. On Septemberhould return to Washington or endeavor to make his way to Burnside. On October 16th he reported that although there had beenes to the opinion that they will rather attempt to crush Burnside first. In the foregoing it is painfully manifest that
ama together, and the enemy crowded backward into Georgia. As for the draft in the city of New York, the order was given yesterday to execute it this week. The delay has been caused only by the difficulty in concentrating there the necessary body of troops at the same time that reinforcements in considerable numbers had to go forward to Charleston. From that place there is no news that is not published, and you can doubtless judge a great deal better than I can as to the probability of Gilmore's taking it before the usual storms compel the withdrawal of the fleet. Be sure that at any rate he will not fail for lack of either men or material. My own impression, however, is that he will soon lose the cooperation of the iron-clads; meanwhile, however, he is intrenching himself with a view to that contingency, so as to be able to carry on the siege alone. I got here yesterday to begin my duties as assistant secretary of war, but have not yet fairly set to work. I dare say, howev
M. K. Lawler (search for this): chapter 17
h the adjutant-general here in excellent order — not quite so perfect, indeed, as those of the Army of the Potomac, with its unequalled adjutant, General Seth Williams, of the regular army. but yet altogether satisfactory. A charge against the High Dominie Dudgeon was squelched the other day.... I hastened to say that Michael was a splendid old fighter, with only two grains of discretion, and this must be a blunder and nothing worse. Anyway it's laid to sleep. This refers to General M. K. Lawler, than whom there never was a more honest or capable soldier in the volunteer army. I am off for Burnside this P. M., and then to Rosecrans. As soon as it became certain that Rosecrans, in obedience to the official pressure which had been put upon him, was actually moving against Bragg, the secretary decided to send Dana to report the operations of the Army of the Cumberland, as he had reported those of the Army of the Tennessee. Burnside had been sent to repossess east Tenne
Horatio Seymour (search for this): chapter 17
hall not for a long time have anything to do or any association as agreeable and instructive as during my three months with the Army of the Tennessee. I had almost forgotten to say that the New York riots are over and cannot be repeated. Governor Seymour and the leaders of the Copperhead Democracy were mostly at the bottom of the whole dreadful business. Seymour has had the idea of resisting the draft by the forces of the State, but is too great a coward to attempt the execution of the schSeymour has had the idea of resisting the draft by the forces of the State, but is too great a coward to attempt the execution of the scheme with the large Federal force now concentrated in the city. The foregoing letter is particularly noticeable because it shows that Dana at least had been considering even at that early day the chance of Grant's being ordered to the command of the Army of the Potomac. Before starting East he had discussed the suggestion with Rawlins and others as a possible consequence of Grant's great victories in the West; but the time had not yet come, though the idea was born. The disgrace of Chickam
lory and save everything by fighting on the left under the lead of that magnificent old hero, General Thomas, and of Gordon Granger, the Marshal Ney of the war. It was a great fight which these twenty-five thousand men waged there against eighty thousand (Bragg had sixty-seven thousand veterans and fifteen thousand militia) till darkness covered the field, and it saved everything for us. In this fight the men who most distinguished themselves were Generals Thomas, Granger, Steedman, Brannan, Palmer, Hazen, Turchin, and Colonel Harker. The last — named commanded a brigade which got out of ammunition, and at the end three times repulsed the columns of Longstreet with the bayonet. But they were all heroes, and we owe them a debt of gratitude we can never sufficiently pay. They punished the enemy so awfully that if our forces had remained on the ground, it is the opinion of General Thomas, as well as of many others less judicious and reserved than he, that the enemy must have retreated.
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