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Browsing named entities in a specific section of Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Massachusetts in the Army and Navy during the war of 1861-1865, vol. 1: prelminary narrative. Search the whole document.

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Charleston (South Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
l War Records, 46, p. 362. The report of the Confederate general, R. S. Ripley, in which he speaks of the 54th as sent to butchery by hypocrisy and inhumanity, is on p. 370. In a curious Confederate list of Abolition prisoners captured near Charleston, S. C., July 11-19, 1863, one prisoner is credited to the 150th Massachusetts (p. 392). Some interesting answers to questions as to the military qualities of colored troops may be found on p. 328. of Lieutenant-Colonel Hallowell, who was left in che Union officers at Fredericksburg when he alone dared ride up to reconnoitre the enemy from a knoll which was swept by the fire of the sharpshooters of both armies. Both these last incidents are related by the Rev. Robert Wilson in the Charleston (S. C.) News and Courier, quoted in the Boston Transcript (July 14, 1896). The Richmond incident was told him by Colonel McCoy of Pennsylvania, a member of General Meade's staff, and present on the occasion described. The gradual development of
Richmond (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
inquiries concerning the success of the recruiting in Massachusetts, and expressed the greatest satisfaction at your determination to fill up the old regiments first. (Letter of Col. Harrison Ritchie to Governor Andrew from Harrison's Bar, James River, Va., July 28, 1862.) (Schouler, I, 308.) but it leaves the question still open why this policy was necessary in Massachusetts and not in Vermont or in the Western States. As regards Vermont, the case is very simple. It was the only Northern Sttime when the commission was conferred. A year and a month later, the war was ended, Grant was the foremost soldier in the world and Lincoln was in his grave. (Johnson's Short History, p. 365.) The Massachusetts troops operating against Richmond, Va., under Lieutenant-General Grant (May 5, 1864), were as follows: Official War Records, 67, p. 106.— Army of the Potomac (Maj.-Gen. G. G. Meade). Provost Guard.—1st Mass. Cavalry, Cos. C and D (Capt. E. A. Flint). Second Army Corp<
Waltham (Massachusetts, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
nent part. The 10th and 7th also charged the enemy, the 10th forming four successive times under fire as regularly as if on the parade ground. General Hooker said in his report: The 10th, commanded by Col. Henry S. Briggs of Pittsfield, son of the ex-governor, displayed the greatest bravery and materially checked the progress of the enemy. The loss of both officers and soldiers was heavy in this battle. There fell Lieut. J. D. Bullock of Fall River, of the 7th; Lieut. F. P. H. Rogers of Waltham, of the 16th; Lieut. Charles B. Warner of South Danvers, of the 19th; and Capts. Edwin E. Day of Greenfield and Elisha Smart of Adams, with Lieut. Benjamin F. Leland of Shelburne, all of the 10th Mass. The 16th Mass. Infantry was sent out by General Hooker to feel the strength of the enemy, under instructions from General McClellan, and was engaged at Williamsburg, Va., June 18, with a loss of twenty-nine killed and mortally wounded, General Hooker reporting that the duty was executed in
Maryland (Maryland, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
e war a bounty of $1,010 was sometimes paid for a single seaman. Soley, p. 10. The official statistics show that of this vast addition to the numbers of the navy Massachusetts contributed a larger share than any State except New York; indeed, nearly 20,000, or nearly one-fifth of the whole number. Total number of sailors and marines furnished by the States:— Connecticut,2,163 Delaware,94 District of Columbia,1,353 Illinois,2,224 Indiana,1,078 Iowa,5 Kentucky,314 Maine,5,030 Maryland,3,925 Massachusetts,19,983 Michigan,498 Minnesota,3 Missouri,151 New Hampshire,882 New Jersey,8,129 New York,35,164 Ohio,3,274 Pennsylvania,14,307 Rhode Island,1,878 Vermont,619 Wisconsin,133 Total,101,207 (Official statement from the Adjutant-General's office, July 15, 1885; Heitman's Historical Register of the U. S. Army, p. 890.) Phisterer, an able statistician, claims, in his New York in the Civil War (p. 43), that the whole number serving in the U. S. Navy during the war w
Yorktown (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
Sixth Army Corps (Franklin). Artillery.—1st Mass. Battery. The whole force of the Army of the Potomac was about 100,000. Official War Records, XI (1), p. 159. The first important event in the peninsular campaign was the siege of Yorktown. The first assault was made, April 5, 1862, by three companies of the 1st Mass. with two of the 11th, under command of Lieut.-Col. George D. Wells, who was himself the first man to enter the lunette, after it had been taken at the point of the my efforts, and more than two hundred officers have entered the service bearing commissions secured by my influence. at once proceeded to occupy and garrison the town. In the battle of Williamsburg, Va., May 5, 1862, following on the fall of Yorktown, Maj.-Gen. Joseph Hooker, a Massachusetts officer, was in command, and received at this time his epithet of Fighting Joe. Regiments from this State took a leading part, including the 1st, 7th and 11th, besides the 10th, which sustained no loss
Mine Run (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
of the Rappahannock in pursuit of Lee a number of Massachusetts regiments and batteries took part (Nov. 7, 1863), only the 10th and 18th infantries sustaining losses, but not heavily. The report of Col. Joseph Haves (18th Mass.), commanding brigade, is in Official War Records, 48, p. 580, and reports from Capts. J. H Sleeper (10th Mass. Battery) and A. P. Martin (3d Mass. Battery), on pp. 572, 583. In the same way, in the more extended but somewhat ineffectual four days operations at Mine Run, Va. (Nov. 26-30, 1863), many Massachusetts regiments of the three arms of the service were engaged, actual losses falling only on the 1st Cavalry and the 1st, 9th, 11th, 15th and 16th infantries. Brig.-Gen. D. A. Russell of Massachusetts was designated to convey to the Adjutant-General seven captured battle flags and staff, because of his conspicuous conduct as the leader of the storming party of the occasion. Letter of Major-General Meade in Official War Records, 48, p. 491. General Rus
Newburyport (Massachusetts, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
upon which fell largely the charge of carrying the bridge under great difficulties and charging the Confederate rifle pits above. On September 17, when they charged across the bridge and ascended the heights, Lieutenant-Colonel (afterwards brevet brigadier-general) Carruth of the 35th was shot through the neck and had to be carried from the field, as was the case with Captain King (afterwards colonel, 4th Mass. Heavy Artillery), who was wounded in seven places. Capts. A. W. Bartlett of Newburyport, and Horace Niles of Randolph, both of the 35th, were killed or mortally wounded, and when they were withdrawn, only three hundred were left uninjured of a regiment which had quitted home, less than a month previous, with more than one thousand men. Nearly three hours were occupied in successive efforts to carry the bridge; the ammunition of those taking part was nearly exhausted, and the general in command reports that the proportion of casualties to the number engaged was much greater t
Sailor's Creek (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
mong whom was Lieut. Thomas B. Hart. Lieut. Lewis Munger (2d Mass. Cavalry) was killed a day or two previous, as was Lieut. Samuel Storrow (2d Infantry) at Black Creek, N. C., on March 16, 1865. In the subsequent race for final victory between the winning army and that already practically defeated, the Massachusetts troops took their full share. At Fort Blakeley (April 2-9) the 31st Infantry and the 2d, 4th, 7th and 15th batteries were engaged, with a loss of one man in the 7th. At Sailor's Creek (April 6) the 37th Infantry lost considerably, but the 19th, 20th and 28th Infantry, the 2d Cavalry and the 1st Heavy Artillery escaped without loss of life. At High Bridge (April 6) the 10th Battery had no loss, but the 4th Cavalry (Col. Francis Washburn), with a force of only 12 officers and 67 men, was surrounded by the Confederate cavalry, under Generals Rosser and Fitzhugh Lee, and, after once cutting their way through, returned to the defence of two infantry regiments which had ac
Orleans, Ma. (Massachusetts, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
Union forces in such a state that the burning and evacuation of Baton Rouge were afterwards ordered by General Butler, though the first part of the order was countermanded, through the earnest remonstrance of Gen. H. E. Paine of Wisconsin, to whom it was intrusted. Capt. Eugene Kelty of Lawrence (30th Mass. Infantry) was killed in this engagement. It is unnecessary here to enter on the vexed question of General Butler's government of the conquered city from May to December, 1862. New Orleans itself was practically held by the presence of the navy, which had captured it; for the whole policy of the Confederates throughout the war was to abstain from all serious attempts to retake points within reach of the salt water, where the navy held control, but rather to let go what was lost and confine themselves to interior lines, where they were strong. They were willing to have it understood that they menaced such points, and New Orleans most of all, but there is no reason to suppose
Gravelly Run (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
1864, as had Private J. H. Harbourne (Co. K) for the capture of a flag, and Private Richard Welch (37th Mass.), also for the capture of a flag, a few days later, and Private Chas. A. Taggart (37th Mass.) for the same. The 28th Mass. Infantry and the 1st Heavy Artillery met with losses, which in the former case were considerable, at Duncan's Run (March 25), and the 32d and 34th Infantry with the 1st Heavy Artillery had small losses on the Boydtown Road (March 29-31), as had the 39th at Gravelly Run (March 29). At Dinwiddie Court House (March 29-31) and at Five Forks (April 1) the 2d Mass. Cavalry took an honorable part, as did—at the latter engagement—the 32d and 39th Mass. Infantry. Such was also the case with the 28th and 39th at the South Side Railroad, near Petersburg. In the final capture of Petersburg, Va. (April 2, 1865), several Massachusetts regiments were engaged with losses,—the 19th, 34th, 35th, 36th, 37th, 46th, 58th and 61st Infantry, the 1st Heavy Artillery and th<
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