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Browsing named entities in a specific section of Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Massachusetts in the Army and Navy during the war of 1861-1865, vol. 1: prelminary narrative. Search the whole document.

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k active part in the battle of Resaca (May 13-16, 1864), the former losing 5 killed or mortally wounded. The 33d again made a fine charge, charging and carrying three fortified hills in succession, but having 24 killed or mortally wounded, Adjutant General's Report, January, 1865, p 780. including Lieuts. H. J. Parker of Townsend and E. L. Bumpus of Braintree. At Cassville, Ga., both regiments were engaged (May 19-22), with small loss. At Kenesaw Mountain they had several engagements in June, the 33d making another fine charge, and losing 11 killed or mortally wounded, including the 2d lieutenant, C. H. Lord of Ipswich. By July 17 the 33d had been reduced to a mere skeleton regiment. The 2d Mass. was in the breastworks before Atlanta from July 22, 1864, and on the 30th Lieutenant-Colonel Morse of that regiment, being field officer of the day, surprised the enemy's pickets in his front and captured them in their rifle-pits. The regiment was then ordered to the support of the pi
y General Revere, his brigade commander, as a truly splendid officer and magnificently brave. See his memoir in Harvard Memorial Biographies, I, 147. On the first day of the battle of Chancellorsville there took place a cavalry skirmish at Rapidan Station, Va. (May 1, 1863), when the only life lost was that of Lieut. A. E. P that the officers and men showed the greatest coolness and courage. Official War Records, 43, p. 698. In other parts of the line the heaviest losses fell on the 1st, 11th, 15th, 16th, 19th, 20th and 28th. In the afternoon, when two regiments (the 15th Mass., Col. G. H. Ward, and the 82d New York, Col. Huston) were sent forward (1 battalion), again met the enemy, with much heavier losses than at Swift Creek, the losses falling on the 23d, 24th, 25th, 27th and 40th Mass. Infantry. On the first day a portion of the enemy's line of defence was carried with small loss; on the 16th Butler was forced back to his entrenchments, the Confederates entrenching str
August 8th, 1862 AD (search for this): chapter 1
s 2d Army Corps, p. 56.) Moving about in an independent and ineffectual way. (Rossiter Johnson's Short History, p. 172.) The three corps made about thirty-eight thousand men, afterwards increased by additions. They were placed under the command of Maj.-Gen. John Pope, who unfortunately forfeited confidence in advance by a rather bombastic proclamation. One of his first acts was to order a meeting between Banks and Sigel (who had succeeded Fremont), his corps commanders, at Culpepper on Aug. 8, 1862, and as Sigel failed to arrive, Banks attacked, the next day at Cedar Mountain, the army under Stonewall Jackson, at first successfully then unsuccessfully, meeting at last with heavy loss. Banks was greatly outnumbered, but attacking with much vigor but without much discretion he almost compassed a victory. Dodge's Bird's Eye View, etc., p. 71. Though but a single Massachusetts regiment (the 2d, Colonel Andrews) was actively engaged, it was a battle most disastrous to the State. Out
e in the second division of the First Corps, under Maj.-Gen. J. F. Reynolds, though temporarily commanded by Maj.-Gen. Abner Doubleday. The First Corps was, on this first day, in the words of its commander, broken and defeated but not discouraged, and was a mere advance guard of the army. The men captured were largely taken in the effort to reach General Steinwehr's division on Cemetery Hill, which was their rallying point. Doubleday's Chancellorsville and Gettysburg, p. 150. On the second day of Gettysburg (July 2), Massachusetts regiments were with General Sickles in his firm resistance to the Confederate attack; these being the 18th and 22d and the 5th and 9th batteries. Col. W. S. Tilton, commanding brigade, says that the officers and men showed the greatest coolness and courage. Official War Records, 43, p. 698. In other parts of the line the heaviest losses fell on the 1st, 11th, 15th, 16th, 19th, 20th and 28th. In the afternoon, when two regiments (the 15th Mass., C
July 21st, 1861 AD (search for this): chapter 1
hat he was killed by an immediate volley. In another part of the same field the same explanation, given by Captain Carruth, was all that prevented a Michigan regiment from firing on the 1st Mass. History of the 1st Regiment Mass. Infantry, by Warren H. Cudworth, pp. 43, 47. For the blue uniforms of Confederates, see Walcott's 21st Mass., p. 146, and Colonel Cowdin in Official War Records, XI, 125. Three Massachusetts regiments only took part in the battle of Bull Run or Manassas (July 21, 1861), these being the 1st Infantry (Colonel Cowdin), the 5th (Colonel Lawrence) and the 11th (Col. George Clark, Jr.). It is something to say that neither of the three did itself discredit in the way of cowardice on a day where so many failed. The 5th remained a day beyond its term of service to take part in the affair, and its colonel was wounded, his life being saved through the prompt action of a friend and classmate, Private George F. Hodges, See his memoir in Harvard Memorial Biogr
August 5th, 1862 AD (search for this): chapter 1
an three months, undergone hardships such as have seldom fallen to the lot of soldiers, in a campaign whose existence is scarcely known and whose name is well-nigh forgotten. Irvin's 19th Army Corps, p. 32. In the battle of Baton Rouge, Aug. 5, 1862, the Massachusetts troops in the Department of the Gulf came for the first time under fire. The attacking party comprised about three thousand men with eleven guns under Breckenridge, and the party of defence about two thousand five hundred m, though under military and naval protection, and however well or ill accomplished lies apart from the present narrative, while the battles and skirmishes growing out of it find a proper place here. At the time of the battle of Baton Rouge, Aug. 5, 1862, it is probable that Butler's whole active force did not exceed seven thousand men, having been reduced almost one-half by disease and other losses since he first entered New Orleans. He was promised recruits in the autumn, but knew nothing
July 22nd, 1861 AD (search for this): chapter 1
Ringgold Artillery. The latter had been expressly required to leave its field pieces and equipments behind at Harrisburg, but the men carried their sabres. It does not appear that any of these except the thirty-four armed men of the Logan Guards were uniformed. Arms, ammunition and equipments were furnished them in Washington. (Bates, I, 7.) The whole number in the lists of the five companies as given by Bates is four hundred and eighty-two; but the vote of thanks passed by Congress, July 22, 1861, calls them the five hundred and thirty soldiers from Pennsylvania who passed through the mob of Baltimore. (Bates, I, pp. 7-12.) It is probable that the framer of this resolution mistakenly included in his count the regular troops from the 4th Artillery, under Lieutenant Pemberton, who to the number of forty or fifty accompanied the Pennsylvania men only as far as Fort McHenry. (Bates, I, 5.) The Philadelphia men reached Washington at 7 P. M., April 18, and the Logan Guards sent i<
October 29th (search for this): chapter 1
nt, and in the case of the latter peculiarly conspicuous. Troops being called for from the east to reinforce Rosecrans, two army corps were hastily sent, the 11th under Howard, the 12th under Slocum. The first of these included the 33d Mass. (Lieut.-Col. Godfrey Rider, Jr., Steinwehr's division) and the second included the 2d Mass. (Colonel Cogswell, Williams's division). The orders arriving Sept. 24, 1863, the troops travelled west by rail for a week ere reaching their new command. On October 29 a sudden call was made upon the 33d to carry a very steep fortified hill, some two hundred feet high, at Wauhatchie; the task being intrusted by General Hooker to Col. Orland Smith (73d Ohio), brigade commander, who selected for the purpose his own regiment and the 33d Mass., some four hundred men in all. The steepness of the hill made it very difficult of ascent by daylight, and in the night it was a formidable enterprise. When the Confederate breastworks were at last reached, a voice sh
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