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Bayou La Fourche (Louisiana, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
aking a dash into the town and planting its flag upon the courthouse. In that campaign fell Capt. Ezra Ripley of the 29th, who died of exhaustion and overwork. See his memoir in Harvard Memorial Biographies, I, 107. The engineering operations, both at Port Hudson and Vicksburg, were largely under the direction of Massachusetts officers,—Capt. John C. Palfrey in the former case and Maj. Cyrus B. Comstock in the latter. In the ill-fated and objectless battle of Cox's plantation, or Bayou La Fourche, July 13, 1863, Colonel Dudley (30th Mass.) was sent out with two sections of the 6th Mass. Battery (Carruth's) along the right bank of a bayou, supported by Gen. Charles J. Paine. Col. J. S. Morgan, moving on the other side of the bayou, was surprised and driven back by the Confederate General Green, and fell back on Dudley, both being forced a mile in retreat, until supported by General Paine and ultimately withdrawn by General Grover. Colonel Morgan was ultimately tried and sentence
Willoughby Run (Pennsylvania, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
l. A. B. Underwood. Twelfth Army Corps (Slocum). First Division.—3d Brigade, 2d Mass., Lieut.-Col. C. R. Mudge. Cavalry Corps. Second Division.—1st Brigade, 1st Mass. Cavalry, This regiment actually served with the Sixth Army Corps, and on the right flank. Lieut.-Col. G. S. Curtis. Artillery Reserve (Tyler). 1st Volunteer Brigade, 5th Light Battery, Capt. C. A. Phillips (with 10th New York Battery attached); 9th Light Battery, Capt. John Bigelow. In the battle of Willoughby Run or Oak Ridge (July 1, 1863), the opening scene of Gettysburg, the 13th, brigaded under Brig.-Gen. Gabriel R. Paul, was ordered into action against a force so much larger that the regiments of the brigade were detached and had no sufficient support from one another, the 13th being, moreover, on the extreme right. Colonel Leonard was wounded early and the command devolved on Lieut.-Col N W. Batchelder. It lasted for an hour, when the officer in command ordered a charge, capturing one hun
Mobile, Ala. (Alabama, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
killed and twenty-four wounded. The losses on the Confederate side were, however, far greater, thus mitigating the close of a campaign which had been, on the whole, disastrous. On June 24, Grant ordered the transfer of the 19th Army Corps to Virginia; the Massachusetts troops still left in Louisiana being the 3d Mass. Cavalry, the 31st Infantry (mounted), and the 4th, 7th and 15th light batteries. All of these except the 3d Cavalry served under General Canby afterwards at the siege of Mobile, Ala., March 20–April 12, 1865. Irwin's 19th Army Corps, p. 463. Xv. The Army of Virginia under Pope. While McClellan was still before Richmond, a new army organization called the Army of Virginia was formed June 26, 1862, out of the three corps of Banks, Fremont and McDowell, which had hitherto acted independently of each other between Washington and the Shenandoah valley. Petty armies under more petty commanders. (Walker's 2d Army Corps, p. 56.) Moving about in an independent and
Marye's Heights (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
, Jr., of Worcester, Mass. Brig.-Gen. John Newton, commanding the 3d Division, says in his report: My thanks are due to all, according to their opportunities, but especially to Brig.-Gen. Charles Devens, who commanded the advance and rear guard in the crossing and recrossing of the river. Official War Records, XXI, 535. In the main battle of Fredericksburg, December 13, the 18th Mass. Infantry (Col. Joseph Hayes) was conspicuous in a charge, nearly penetrating the enemy's position at Marye's Heights, where its dead and wounded were found lying close to the works. At the third assault upon the enemy's works in the afternoon, when the 19th Mass. was put in front to occupy some freshly made works, which it held until its ammunition was exhausted, seven color-bearers were shot down in succession; and on one occasion, when two were killed at once, and their colors lay on the ground, Lieut. Edgar M. Newcomb of Boston seized both flags and raised them, meeting his own death in so doing.
Maysville (North Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
one hundred and ten, sent out, first and last, one hundred and twenty commissioned officers to the war, and had at one time so depleted itself that only six active members remained on its rolls. The 23d and 45th also met with some considerable loss at Whitehall but neither received any at Goldsborough. The 17th, 24th, 43d, 44th and 51st were also in the expedition, making in all about half the force. On Jan. 19, 1863, five companies of the 51st Mass. Infantry were in action at Young's Cross Roads, N. C., but without loss. There were engagements round New Berne, one at Deep Gully March 14, 1863, when Colonel Pickett (25th Mass.) held an outpost with much risk but small loss, See his report in Official War Records, XVIII, 187. and another March 14, when Lieut. Joseph W. Lawton of Ware (27th Mass.) and several others were killed. In an attack on Fort Anderson May 14 Lieut. N. S. Barstow (24th Mass.), acting signal officer, especially compliments his flagman, Timothy S. Marsh of
Pocotaligo (South Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
88, 198, 215, and elsewhere. Xix. Operations in the Department of the South. Some minor engagements occurred in South Carolina in the summer of 1862 in which a few Massachusetts regiments took part; two companies of the First Cavalry at Pocataligo (May 29) under Maj. H. L. Higginson without loss, and the 28th Mass. Infantry at Legareas Point (June 2) under Lieut.-Col. M. Moore with only a few wounded men. At Secessionville (June 16) an attack of some force was made on fortified works at t at Olustee, because there was more object in the battle. It formed a part of an attempt to carry out an order given by General Halleck, by report of General Sherman, that General Foster should break the Charleston and Savannah Railroad about Pocotaligo about the first of December. Emilio, p. 237. This particular fight was sufficiently well timed for Lieut.-Col. C. C. Jones, Jr., in his Siege of Savannah to say of it, The engagement [November 30] at Honey Hill released the city of Savannah
Boston (Massachusetts, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
iment to reach Washington, fully organized and equipped, at the call of the President. It was brought together at Lowell on the 16th of April, the morning after the proclamation was issued, the officers of the regiment having previously held a meeting on Jan. 21, 1861, at the suggestion of Gen. B. F. Butler, and offered its services to the government. As gathered, the regiment included four companies from Lowell, two from Lawrence, one from Groton, one from Acton and one from Worcester. In Boston, which was reached at 1 P. M., there were added a Boston company and a Stoneham company, making eleven in all, or about seven hundred men. These men were among the very first fruits of the enlistment, entering the service without a bounty; in many cases wholly new to drill and discipline, untried even in the musterfield. Their heterogeneous uniform was characteristic of the period. Seven of the companies wore blue uniform coats, dark or light, sometimes with red trousers; four companies
Broadway (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
f New York, was of Boston birth, and had been a Harvard student, though not a graduate. He had already served with honor in the 2d Mass., had proved himself a good organizer and commander, and had, among other special qualifications, that of a peculiarly striking appearance; looking very youthful, with a blond coloring, which made him, as he rode at the head of his dusky regiment, beyond all comparison the most picturesque figure who had passed through the streets of Boston or marched down Broadway. So easily in time of warlike excitement are men influenced by such externals, that no contemporary description of the march of the 54th fails to dwell with enthusiasm on this seemingly trivial circumstance. The 54th left camp on May 28, 1863, under orders to report to Major-General Hunter at Beaufort, S. C. Arriving there, it was brigaded under Col. James Montgomery of the 2d South Carolina Volunteers (afterwards 34th U. S. Colored Troops). He was a man of mature years, a veteran guerr
Whitehall (North Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
were more difficult to conceal. Massachusetts was well represented by twelve regiments in the expedition under General Foster, in December, 1862, to Kinston, Whitehall and Goldsborough, N. C., although the actual losses were not heavy. Of this affair, Col. Horace C. Lee, commanding brigade, says in his report: The old regimently regiment which incurred any considerable loss at Kinston December 14 was the 45th, or Cadet Regiment (Col. C. R. Codman), and it again distinguished itself at Whitehall. The color-bearer, Sergt. Theodore Parkman, being shot down, Colonel Codman himself seized the colors, and advancing about ten feet before the regiment, which w to the war, and had at one time so depleted itself that only six active members remained on its rolls. The 23d and 45th also met with some considerable loss at Whitehall but neither received any at Goldsborough. The 17th, 24th, 43d, 44th and 51st were also in the expedition, making in all about half the force. On Jan. 19, 186
Waldo, Me. (Maine, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
an fifty) came up on the run and placed themselves in the rear of the troops, after which there was little disorder. The four companies on reaching the Camden Street station were placed in the cars, the blinds were closed by order of Colonel Jones, and the regiment about 1 P. M. went on to Washington, being delayed, while still near Baltimore, by obstructions on the track. As a result of the day, four Massachusetts soldiers were killed by the mob: Addison O. Whitney of Lowell (born in Waldo, Me.), Luther C. Ladd of Lowell (born in Alexandria, N. H.), Charles A. Taylor (of unknown residence but enlisted in Boston), all belonging to Co. D, and Sumner H. Needham of Lawrence (born in Bethel, Me.), a member of Co. C. It is a curious fact that, while the bodies of the three other soldiers were brought home with honor and buried with municipal services in Lowell and Lawrence, that of Taylor was buried in an unknown grave in Baltimore, he being taken for a civilian, because of the absenc
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