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Browsing named entities in a specific section of Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Massachusetts in the Army and Navy during the war of 1861-1865, vol. 1: prelminary narrative. Search the whole document.

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Meadow Mills (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
utenant in the regular army. He was also employed as a scout and as a semi-official agent for Massachusetts. Later in the war he died of wounds received at Cedar Creek, Va. See his memoir in Harvard Memorial Biographies, I, 296. Another and an earlier instance was that of Dexter F. Parker of Worcester, a young mechanic of maro, to the Sketches of War History, published by the Ohio Commandery of the Loyal Legion, III, 122-125. For Sheridan's opinion of the Massachusetts regiments at Cedar Creek, see his Personal Memoirs, II, 68. For Early's own account of the Valley Campaign, see Southern Historical Papers, III, 212. The final shock fell on Thoburn's eral Lowell in Harvard Memorial Biographies, I, 696. The 2d Mass. Cavalry, as a part of Lowell's command, had acted as rear guard during Sheridan's retreat from Cedar Creek to Strasburg, and had sustained some losses in killed and prisoners. Again it took part in a skirmish at Berryville, Sept. 3, 1864, and sustained, with the 34t
Oregon (Oregon, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
aid, after the attack on Sumter, I would rather have England and France together upon us than this. Captain Goodhue was right; war with England and France might have led to the capture or burning of a few cities, but the pressure of the civilized world would have soon settled it by diplomacy, at a cost of money and life incomparably less than that of the contest which was now impending. As it was, the material cost of the war was best summed up by Gen. W. T. Sherman, who said, at Portland, Oregon (July 3, 1890), I do believe, as I believe in Him who rules above us all, that this country spent one thousand million dollars and one hundred thousand lives to teach you the art of war. Speech, etc., p. 34. Ii. The war governor. On Jan. 5, 1861, John Albion Andrew was inaugurated as governor of Massachusetts, having been chosen to that office during the previous autumn, rather through a popular impulse than by any plans of political managers; and having received the largest popul
Noddle's Island (Massachusetts, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
r direction of the governor to perform conjointly with Dr. Lyman such duties as were incidental to a medical bureau until the 13th of June, 1861, when I was commissioned surgeon-general of Massachusetts, with the rank of colonel. Schouler, I, 54. Many of the first physicians of Boston at the same time offered their services to attend gratuitously the families of soldiers. Lawyers agreed to take charge of the legal business of young lawyers who might enlist. The Rev. W. H. Cudworth of East Boston, not content with offering his services as chaplain for the first three years regiment, announced to his congregation that, if his services were not needed, he should devote his usual salary to the common cause, and that his organist and sexton would do the same; he, moreover, advised that the money which had been raised for a new church should be devoted to the soldiers, and that they should be content with the old building until the war should be over. These things but feebly illustra
Suffolk County (Massachusetts, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
at day; and was joined later (May 1) by Capt. Albert Dodd's company from Boston. This completed the list of the three months volunteers, whose statistics were as follows:— Statistics of the Three Months Volunteers. Commissioned Officers.Enlisted Men.Total. Barnstable County,-66 Berkshire County37376 Bristol County21192213 Essex County71857928 Franklin County-11 Hampden County-33 Hampshire County-22 Middlesex County57882939 Norfolk County21391412 Plymouth County19333352 Suffolk County27325352 Worcester County24339363 Other States,15657 Residence not given,-3232 Totals,2443,4923,736 When we stop to consider what an utterly peaceful community had been, until within a week or two, that which these regiments represented, it is impossible not to admire the promptness with which they took up arms. In the later fatigues of the war we looked back almost with wonder on the enthusiasm which had welcomed these early regiments. They had encountered little danger, and so
Morris Island (South Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
d Memorial Biographies, II, 487. For Colonel Shaw's, see his Correspondence (privately printed). Their ultimate removal to the command of Brig.-Gen. George C. Strong was a source of satisfaction, although it was accompanied almost immediately by one of the severest ordeals of the war. After a peculiarly fatiguing embarkation and night voyage, the regiment reached Folly Island at 9 A. M. on the 18th of June, had a toilsome march along the beaches until 2 P. M., and crossing the inlet of Morris Island reported to General Strong at 5 P. M. They had no rations, had had no food that day and little sleep for two nights, and in this condition were placed at the head of a night attack on Fort Wagner. For a Confederate account of the attack on Fort Wagner, see Maj. John Johnson's Defence of Charleston Harbor, p. 93. His appendix gives the official reports of Union officers. For Union accounts see Emilio's admirable History of the 54th Mass. There are other descriptions in Gordon's War Di
Medford (Massachusetts, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
calling Men, follow your colors, they withstood nine successive charges of the enemy. Eleven officers of the 9th fell in that battle, including Capts. William Madigan, James E. McCafferty of Boston, John Carey of Marlborough, Jeremiah O'Neil of Medford, with Lieuts. R. P. Nugent of Boston and Francis O'Dowd of Medford. The 22d lost its colonel, Jesse A. Gove,—the first of the Massachusetts colonels to fall,—with Capt. J. F. Dunning of Boston and Lieut. T. F. Salter of Haverhill of the 22d andMedford. The 22d lost its colonel, Jesse A. Gove,—the first of the Massachusetts colonels to fall,—with Capt. J. F. Dunning of Boston and Lieut. T. F. Salter of Haverhill of the 22d and Lieut. C. C. E. Mortimer of the 3d Battery. Every regiment suffered, but the 22d Massachusetts most of all. (General Martindale's report, Official War Records, XI (2), 291 ) The reports of Maj. W. S. Tilton and Capt. W. S. Sampson are in the same volume, pp. 300-306. More bayonet wounds are said to have been inflicted in the battle of Gaines's Mill than in any other contest of the war. Gen. Fitz John Porter, commanding the 5th Army Corps, wrote to Governor Andrew, July 26, 1862: No tro
Oak Grove (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
h; and Capts. Edwin E. Day of Greenfield and Elisha Smart of Adams, with Lieut. Benjamin F. Leland of Shelburne, all of the 10th Mass. The 16th Mass. Infantry was sent out by General Hooker to feel the strength of the enemy, under instructions from General McClellan, and was engaged at Williamsburg, Va., June 18, with a loss of twenty-nine killed and mortally wounded, General Hooker reporting that the duty was executed in fine style; and the 1st, 7th, 11th, 16th and 19th were engaged at Oak Grove June 25 with smaller losses. Narratives of the latter battle by Colonels Cowdin and Blaisdell may be found in Official War Records, XI (2), pp. 124-126, and General Hooker's Report, XI (3), p. 233. At the battle of Mechanicsville June 26, the 9th and 22d Mass., with the 1st and 3d batteries, were engaged, meeting with only slight loss; but at Gaines's Mill—the first attack made in force on the Army of the Potomac (June 27-28)—these two regiments lost very heavily, more than eighty b<
Battleboro (North Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
nson (12th Mass.); Lieuts. C. W. Whitcomb (13th Mass.) and G. B. Simonds (15th Mass.) ; Capts. Benjamin Davis (22d Mass.), Robert Hamilton (32d Mass ) and S. H. Bailey (36th Mass.) ; Lieut. H. W. Daniels (36th Mass.); Capt. F. W. Pease and Lieuts. G. E. Cooke and Joseph Follansbee (37th Mass.) ; Lieut. I. D. Paul (39th Mass.) ; Capt. W. H. Harley and Lieut. F. G. Ogden (58th Mass.) and Lieut. G. J. Morse (59th Mass.) In the expedition on the south side of James River, in the battle of Swift Creek or Arrowfield Church, May 9-10, General Heckman's Star Brigade, including several Massachusetts regiments, had an extremely arduous experience. All the hardships incident to four days and nights under a drenching rain, without shelter of any kind, so close to the enemy's lines that but once could fires be built, and some part of the regiment on picket or skirmishing all the time, were borne without murmurs or complaint. Official War Records, 68, p. 158. (Report of Col. Orson Moulton,
Cassville (Georgia, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
ge. Report of Maj.-Gen. Carl von Baumbach, commanding regiment. Official War Records, 55, 208. Both the 2d and 33d took active part in the battle of Resaca (May 13-16, 1864), the former losing 5 killed or mortally wounded. The 33d again made a fine charge, charging and carrying three fortified hills in succession, but having 24 killed or mortally wounded, Adjutant General's Report, January, 1865, p 780. including Lieuts. H. J. Parker of Townsend and E. L. Bumpus of Braintree. At Cassville, Ga., both regiments were engaged (May 19-22), with small loss. At Kenesaw Mountain they had several engagements in June, the 33d making another fine charge, and losing 11 killed or mortally wounded, including the 2d lieutenant, C. H. Lord of Ipswich. By July 17 the 33d had been reduced to a mere skeleton regiment. The 2d Mass. was in the breastworks before Atlanta from July 22, 1864, and on the 30th Lieutenant-Colonel Morse of that regiment, being field officer of the day, surprised the e
James Island (South Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
essionville (June 16) an attack of some force was made on fortified works at James Island, and in this the 28th sustained considerable losses (twenty killed or mortalts and sharpshooters. The 54th Mass. was under fire for the first time at James Island, July 16, 1863, aiding to repel an attack made by Confederate troops upon th of the 54th as having conducted itself commendably a few days previously on James Island. (Official War Records, Serial No. 46, p. 347.) The following night James IJames Island was hastily evacuated, under orders, and they marched all night in a severe and prolonged thunder-storm, through swamps and over frail narrow bridges, among dirteen killed, sixty-three wounded and eight missing. In the expedition to James Island, July 2-9, 1864, the 54th sustained no injury, but the 55th and the 4th Cavah slight loss, at Deveaux Neck, S. C., Dec. 9, 1864, and without loss at James Island, S. C., Feb. 10, 1865; also the 54th at Boykin's Mills, S. C., April 18, and at
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