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Appomattox (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 11
nearly four thousand. Beauregard followed up leisurely, and threw up a defensive line confronting Butler's intrenchments. It was certainly very unfortunate that Butler allowed himself to be thrown back into the cul-de-sac of Bermuda Hundred, where, if he was secure against attack, he was also powerless for offensive operations against Richmond—being, as he himself said at the time, bottled up and hermetically sealed. It was still open to him, however, to pass to the south bank of the Appomattox and seize Petersburg—the most important stroke he could possibly have executed. This soon became apparent to Butler, and he had made all his preparations to move on that place, when he was ordered by General Grant to detach the major part of his force to the assistance of the Army of the Potomac, which was then approaching the Chickahominy. The expeditionary force in the Shenandoah Valley and West Virginia was divided into two columns—one under Crook, consisting of a force of infantry <
Mine Run (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 11
n the Rapidan and Rappahannock. The line of march of the Army of the Potomac, after crossing the Rapidan, led through that region known as the Wilderness, which extends a considerable distance southward from the river, and westward as far as Mine Run. It was along its gloomy margin that the bloody battle of Chancellorsville had been fought a twelvemonth before. Now General Grant did not expect to be brought to quarters in this difficult country, and the direction given the columns when theeade said to Warren, Sedgwick, and others standing by: They [the enemy] have left a division to fool us here, while they concentrate and prepare a position towards the North Anna; and what I want is to prevent those fellows from getting back to Mine Run. The main development of opposition having come from the force that showed itself against Griffin on the turnpike, an attack was ordered at that point—Wadsworth's division (also of Warren's corps) being disposed in line on the left of Griff
Orange Springs (Georgia, United States) (search for this): chapter 11
ac, May 4, 1864-6 P. M. The following movements are ordered for the 5th May, 1864: 1st. Major-General Sheridan, commanding cavalry corps, will move with Gregg's and Torbert's divisions against the enemy's cavalry in the direction of Hamilton's crossing. General Wilson, with the third cavalry division, will move at five A. M. to Craig's Meeting-house on the Catharpin road. He will keep out parties on the Orange Courthouse pike and plankroad, the Catharpin road, Pamunkey road (road to Orange Springs), and in the direction of Troyman's Store and Andrews' Store or Good Hope Church. 2d. Major-General Hancock, commanding Second Corps, will move at five A. M. to Shady Grove Church and extend his right towards the Fifth Corps at Parker's Store. 3d. Major-General Warren, commanding Fifth Corps, will move at five A. M. to Parker's Store on the Orange Courthouse plankroad, and extend his right towards the Sixth Corps at Old Wilderness Tavern. 4th. Major-General Sedgwick, commanding Sixth Cor
Todd's Tavern (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 11
eing thrown out towards Fredericksburg and Todd's Tavern. At Chancellorsville, Hancock's troops reive combat between the opposing cavalry at Todd's Tavern. The heavy losses Lee had suffered in tvania Courthouse is by the Brock road, via Todd's Tavern. On this road, the Fifth Corps, under Gen the other trains, by way of Furnace's, to Todd's Tavern, keeping clear of the Brock road, which wiock, commanding Second Corps, will move to Todd's Tavern, by the Brock road, following Fifth Corps begun at nine P. M. of the 7th. Reaching Todd's Tavern, he was delayed for an hour and a half by , and on reaching a point two miles beyond Todd's Tavern, were retarded about three hours by Merritlves, that Hancock was detained all day at Todd's Tavern by General Meade, to meet an anticipated al upon the rear of the Union column. At Todd's Tavern, the Brock road is intersected by a road (de to retain Hancock's division all day at Todd's Tavern. though one division (that of Gibbon) was[7 more...]
Atlanta (Georgia, United States) (search for this): chapter 11
iver, was committed to Major-General W. T. Sherman, who was intrusted with the duty of acting against Johnston's force by a campaign having as its objective point Atlanta, the great railroad centre of the middle zone. The lieutenant-general then established his headquarters with the Army of the Potomac, from where he designed to e Potomac no more. It would be interesting to institute a detailed comparison between the overland campaign towards Richmond and the campaign of Sherman towards Atlanta. These operations were parallel; but the conduct of the commanders was very different. General Sherman, rarely assaulting, treated each position taken up by Johmmunications as to compel him to abandon each successive stronghold. Thus, by repeated leaps in advance, and with comparatively little loss, he reached his goal, Atlanta. General Johnston, whose very words, in conversation with the writer, are employed above, added a significant statement. He said he believed, at the beginning
Lynchburg (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 11
taunton and destroy the railroad thence towards Charlotteville. If he could reach the latter place, and thence move on Lynchburg, he was to do so. Hunter encountered the Confederates the 5th of June, at Piedmont, and, after an action of several hoe 8th of the same month, Hunter formed a junction with Crook and Averill at Staunton, from which place he moved towards Lynchburg, by way of Lexington. Arriving before Lynchburg, it was found to be well defended; and, as Hunter learned that re-enfoLynchburg, it was found to be well defended; and, as Hunter learned that re-enforcements to the Confederates were arriving by railroad from Lee's army, while his own supplies of ammunition were nearly exhausted, he determined to return. But this he judged too perilous by the route over which he had advanced, seeing that the eny given out; but it was confidently expected that great store would be found at Meadow Bridge, five or six marches from Lynchburg, where a half-million rations had been left a few days before by Crook and Averill, under guard of two Ohio regiments o
Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania, United States) (search for this): chapter 11
ications, or invest that city from the south side, or be in position to effect a junction with the Army of the Potomac coming down from the north. Butler's force consisted of two corps, respectively under Generals Gillmore and W. F. Smith. In addition to this co-operative column, General Grant organized an auxiliary force to threaten the westward communications of Richmond. General Sigel, who held a considerable army for the protection of West Virginia and the frontiers of Maryland and Pennsylvania, was instructed to form his forces into two columns—the one, of ten thousand strong, under General Crook, to move for the Kanawha and operate against the Virginia and East Tennessee Railroad; the other, seven thousand strong, under Sigel in person, to advance as far as possible up the Shenandoah Valley, with the view to compel Lee to make detachments from his main force to meet this menace against his westward lines of supply. This was one of those combinations that are more specious i
Bermuda Hundred (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 11
; but the main body a mile or two above City Point, at Bermuda Hundred, a neck of land formed by the sinuous course of the Jased, but its line of communications, with its depot at Bermuda Hundred, must have been quite uncovered to the enemy. In thruction of a defensive front across the narrow neck of Bermuda Hundred was immediately begun. This line was drawn within thry were moving forward crosses the road running back to Bermuda Hundred. This latter road the enemy were aiming to seize, wherder to attain a lateral road leading directly back to Bermuda Hundred. Accordingly, on learning this new turning movement—ws then by General Butler withdrawn within the lines at Bermuda Hundred. The Confederate loss in this action was about three lowed himself to be thrown back into the cul-de-sac of Bermuda Hundred, where, if he was secure against attack, he was also pt Butler, after his retirement within the culde-sac of Bermuda Hundred, could readily hold his narrow front with a fractional
Department de Ville de Paris (France) (search for this): chapter 11
ry either to go forward or to go backward. Had General Grant chosen to adopt the latter course, he would not have been without precedents. But this step was not only unbefitting his position—it was altogether contrary to his bent of mind. There is much in that commander's temper that recalls that old marshal whom his soldiers named Marshal Forwarts; and as Blucher, in the great campaign in France, that ended in the capitulation of Napoleon, would hear of nothing but marching straight on Paris, so Grant, his eyes fixed immovably on Richmond as the goal of all his efforts, the prize he resolved to seize, through whatever seas of blood he might have to wade, pronounced the magisterial word, Forward! When darkness came, the columns began their march for Spottsylvania. The battle of the Wilderness is scarcely to be judged as an ordinary battle. It will happen in the course as in the beginning of every war, that there occur actions in which ulterior purposes, and the combinations
Yorktown (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 11
d Sigel, on the banks of the James River and in the Valley of the Shenandoah. This I shall only do so far as may be necessary to set forth their relations with the general system of operations. The force under General Butler was assembled at Yorktown and at Gloucester Point, on the opposite side of the York River, during the month of April. It was composed of the Eighteenth Corps, under General W. F. Smith, and the Tenth Corps, The Tenth Corps was composed of three divisions under Brigarom the coast of South Carolina. General Butler had in addition a division of horse, under General Kautz; this division was, at this time, at Norfolk and Portsmouth. The strength of the army was somewhat above thirty thousand of all arms. At Yorktown, Butler was in position to move by land up the Peninsula in the direction of Richmond; to use the line of the York River for an advance similar to that of McClellan, in 1862, or to take up the line of the James and threaten the Confederate capit
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