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Milford, Va. (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 12
to his fears of an irruption on his line of communications by the Union column moving through Luray valley. This fear was, however, groundless; for this powerful body was held in check all day by a much inferior force of Confederate cavalry at Milford. The defence at this point was made by a small division of Confederate cavalry under General Wickham, and an officer of that command thus writes concerning the affair of the 22d: At Milford, with such fortifications as we could throw up, wMilford, with such fortifications as we could throw up, we fought all day Thursday (the 22d). At one time Torbert flanked us with three regiments. We did not allow this to stampede us like the army at Fisher's Hill; but Colonel Mumford, withdrawing several squadrons from the centre under a galling fire, went over to the right, and by resorting to a little strategy, repulsed the flanking column and restored our lines. At night Torbert retired, declaring that our position was impregnable. Some idea can be formed of the value of this victory when it
Rowanty Creek (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 12
Reams' Station, the troops proceeded, on the 24th, to continue the work of destruction for three miles further southward, after which they were withdrawn to the intrenchments. As Hancock's instructions were to break up the railroad as far as Rowanty Creek, eight miles south of Reams', he once more dispatched part of his corps, on the 25th, to perform this duty. The division to which this work was this day assigned (that of Gibbon), had, however, hardly left its intrenchments when the cavalryons contemplated that the Second Corps should move directly on the right of the Confederate intrenched line at Hatcher's Run, while the Fifth marched around its right. From Reams' Station the cavalry moved westward, carried the crossing of Rowanty Creek after a brisk skirmish, and marched rapidly on Dinwiddie Courthouse. The Fifth Corps also passed to the west side of the creek and moved on its appointed route. Meantime Humphreys, with the Second and Third divisions of the Second Corps, ma
White Oak Swamp (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 12
. The march of fifty-five miles across the Peninsula was made in two days, and with perfect success. It was covered from the enemy's observation by a skilful feint made by Warren, who threatened direct advance on Richmond by the route of White Oak Swamp. After crossing the Chicka, hominy at Long Bridge, Warren threw Crawford's division forward on the New Market road, while Wilson's cavalry division, taking the advance, drove the enemy's mounted force across White Oak Swamp. Warren lay in White Oak Swamp. Warren lay in this vicinity during the day, covering all the routes by which the enemy might come down from Richmond to observe or disturb the movement; and under cover of his array, the whole army marched towards the James. Lee, of course, discovered the withdrawal on the morning of the 13th. He, however, made no attempt to follow up, but retired towards Richmond. During the afternoon, a body of infantry came down the New Market road; but finding Warren's force in line of battle, it made no attack, con
Alpine, Ga. (Georgia, United States) (search for this): chapter 12
The force detached by Lee for this expedition consisted of a body of twelve thousand men under General Early. Following the beaten track of invasion, Early marched rapidly down the Shenandoah Valley, arriving before Martinsburg the 3d of July. Sigel, who held post there with a small force, at once retreated across the Potomac at Shepherdstown. General Weber, in command at Harper's Ferry, evacuated the town and retired to Maryland Heights. Hunter, who had made a toilsome march through the Alpine region of Western Virginia, experienced great delays in transporting his troops to Harper's Ferry, owing to the lowness of the river and the breaking of the railroad in several places. He was therefore not in position to check the irruption of the enemy into Maryland, and the Confederates, the way being thus open, passed the Potomac, and marching by way of Hagerstown, on the 7th, reached Frederick—a central point whence they might threaten both Baltimore and Washington. The only force at
U. S. Grant (search for this): chapter 12
, was made till the end of September, when General Grant, being resolved to push operations on Butlw Market road, with the works defending it. Grant: Report of Operations. This success was followsettling down to winter-quarters, however, General Grant determined to strike one vigorous blow fordon Railroad the extension to the left carried Grant no nearer Lee's line of communications, the Sos willing to employ: so that, proportionately, Grant could cut loose no heavier a turning column tho compel him to fight for their recovery. General Grant's great preponderance in numbers would havresult did not correspond with his wishes; for Grant, parting only with a sufficiency of force to pturned on his path towards Harper's Ferry. General Grant had hesitated in allowing Sheridan to takeWinchester, or Opequan, as it is called by General Grant, my effective strength was about eight tholry. The prestige won by Sheridan enabled General Grant to recall the Sixth Corps to the Army of t[2 more...]
L. A. Grant (search for this): chapter 12
he change of base. The determination of General Grant to transfer the army, by a flank march, tofront of it, it must be borne in mind that General Grant was acting under an Administration that wa Napoleon: Memoirs, vol. III, p. 203. General Grant manifested as much moral firmness in adopt that this menace by Warren deceived Lee as to Grant's actual purpose, and caused him to anticipatequiry what he was doing during this time. General Grant makes this delay the ground of implied cen this campaign. It would seem as though General Grant expected that Petersburg would fall an easbjective, Hancock received a dispatch from General Grant, directing him to use all haste in gettingn neared Old Courthouse, the dispatch from General Grant, directing the march to join Smith, was reor the non-capture of Petersburg. As Lieutenant-General Grant states that he threw forward the Army by each combatant. This was indeed the case: Grant had designed to seize it before the Confederat[3 more...]
Under Fitz (search for this): chapter 12
d three thousand sabres, The authority for this statement of the Confederate force, is a letter written by General Early from Havana, and published in December, 1865. In this letter that officer says: At the battle of Winchester, or Opequan, as it is called by General Grant, my effective strength was about eight thousand five hundred muskets, three battalions of artillery, and less than three thousand cavalry. The Confederate cavalry of the Valley, consisting of two divisions under under Fitz Lee and Lomax, was at this time in a miserable condition, materially and morally. Our horses, says a letter from a Confederate officer of this force, had been fed on nothing but hay for some time, and were quite weak; and want of discipline had greatly demoralized the men. while Sheridan's strength was thrice that of the aggregate Confederate force. Sheridan's preponderance in horse enabled him to extend far beyond and overlap the Confederate left, and when, after several hours of ind
was not stayed until he reached the lower passes of the Blue Ridge, whither he retired with a loss of half his army. Sheridan, after pushing the pursuit as far as Staunton, and operating destructively against the Virginia Central Railroad, returned and took position behind Cedar Creek near Strasburg. Previously to abandoning the country south of Strasburg, it was laid waste by the destruction of all barns, grain, forage, farming implements, and mills. The desolation of the Palatinate by Turenne was not more complete. General Sheridan's dispatch reciting the destruction of the Shenandoah Valley is in the following words: In moving back to this point, the whole country, from the Blue Ridge to the North Mountain, has been made entirely untenable for a rebel army. I have destroyed over two thousand barns filled with wheat and hay and farming implements; over seventy mills filled with flour and wheat; have driven in front of the army over four thousand head of stock, and have kille
the only reserve present was a brigade of Gibbon's division under Colonel Rugg, and this could neither be made to go forward nor to fire. Hancock: Report of Reams' Station. The Confederates then sprang upon the artillery, and the batteries of McKnight, Perrin, and Sleeper had to be surrendered, after being brilliantly served. On the occurrence of this disaster, General Hancock ordered forward the division of Gibbon to retake the position and guns. The order was responded to very feebly b of that officer himself, it had been very ill for the Union force. Miles, however, succeeded in rallying a portion of the Sixty-first New York, and forming it at right angles to the breastwork, arrested the progress of the Confederates, retook McKnight's guns, and recovered a considerable part of the lost line. The behavior of most of the other troops was despicable. The enemy's dismounted cavalry now made an attack against the left. Though not executed with much vigor, it was resisted wi
R. B. Ayres (search for this): chapter 12
This court was composed of Generals Hancock, Ayres, and Miles, and its finding is as follows: gade, which was marching by the flank to cover Ayres' left. The result was that in a few minutes this brigade gave way, thus compelling Ayres' left to fall back, and stopping the advance on the rigAt the same time his other division, under General Ayres, carried a small work on the Squirrel Leveas. Crawford's, strengthened by one brigade of Ayres'. Crawford crossed Hatcher's Run at Armstrong'e was ordered, however, as it was thought that Ayres' division could reach Hancock more readily tha these two. Darkness was so near at hand when Ayres moved that he halted for the night at Armstronrt, but he assenting to my suggestion that General Ayres could more readily be got there, I directed General Ayres to move at once. Darkness was so near at hand that he was halted at Armstrong's Mik successfully in the morning, with the aid of Ayres' and Crawford's divisions, the major-general c[4 more...]
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