horses and cattle, vast herds of which he sent southward, while for the subsistence of his troops he levied subsidies from the population of the country.
Thousands of Pennsylvania farmers, panic-stricken, hastened with their cattle and household goods to the north of the Susquehanna.
From Chambersburg, Ewell moved northward, sending Rodes' division to Carlisle, while Early's division, moving to the east side of the South Mountain ridge, passed by way of Gettysburg to York, and thence to Wrightsville on the Susquehanna—the militia retiring and destroying the splendid bridge over the river at Columbia.
Across the border.
However galling the intelligence of the ravaging of Pennsylvania may have been, General Hooker at least felt himself powerless to help, for it was impossible for him to pass to the north side of the Potomac until his opponent's purpose should be more fully disclosed.
It was not, therefore, until he learned that the remaining corps of Lee were passing into M
in a well-defined ridge, which may properly be termed Cemetery Ridge, and which terminates, at that distance, in a high, rof a line of battle to face northward, the direction of Cemetery Ridge (north and south) causes the line to front westward.
ubleday were posted on the left of the Eleventh, along Cemetery Ridge; and Geary's division of the Twelfth Corps (Slocum) juncock) and Third (Sickles) corps occupied the crest of Cemetery Ridge—the former connecting with the left of the Eleventh, as, held the right, facing Round Top and a good part of Cemetery Ridge, on which Sickles and Hancock were placed.
Hill's thrminary Ridge, and fronted, therefore, the remainder of Cemetery Ridge.
Ewell, with his three divisions, held from the Seminal line, which would draw it along the prolongation of Cemetery Ridge towards the Round Top. Now, the ridge is, at this pointhe fierce volleys that met it, rushed up the crest of Cemetery Ridge, and such was the momentum of its assault that it fair