ighting population was considerably larger than that of any other Southern State except Missouri.
The available number of Virginia's arms-bearing population in 1860 was so decreased by the Union element and the secession from the State by West Virginia that she had not more than 150,000 fighting men to respond to her call for troops after the secession from the Union in 1861.
Prior to the first census Virginia had 10 representatives in the United States Congress; the first census, that of 1790, gave her 19, the second 22, the third 23, the fourth 22, the fifth 21, the sixth 5, the seventh 13, and the eighth, that of 1860,1.
The center of population of the United States at each of the five decades, from 1810 to 1850, was within her borders.
Her density of population in 1860 was about 25 to the square mile.
From the historical standpoint, Virginia occupied an enviable position.
From the threshold of 1860 she looked back upon an heroic and glorious past.
Her Capt. John Smith—le