about 130 miles above New Orleans.
In the early part of the war it occupied a position of importance at once strategic and political.
As the capital of Louisiana, its possession gave a direct political advantage to the army actually holding to it. Being 40 miles down the stream from the mouth of Red river, its occupation by either army would impartially form a strong factor in keeping the Mississippi open or closed.
At this time, such a power would necessarily prove of signal service.
Red river country was still Confederate.
Large droves of cattle still continued to roam its fields—cattle which the Federals from the lower Mississippi were already coveting, but which the Confederates were equally anxious to control.
For the Confederates, more especially the Louisianians, the continued possession of Baton Rouge would have excited far more interest than that of any town outside the limits of New Orleans.
It concentrated in a marked degree that subtle love for the State of one's b