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ed with rations. The road should be run to its utmost capacity. The chief commissary of subsistence, at St. Louis, was asked: Have you sent any stores via river, to Nashville? I wish you to send all you can, while the river is navigable. On the 3d, he said again to the manager of the railroad: Complaints are made of stores not coming fast enough over Louisville and Nashville road. If stores do not come up the Cumberland in steamers, the Louisville road must send at least forty car-loads of p will march to-morrow, and an effort will be made to get a column between Bragg and Longstreet, as soon as possible. Halleck's distrust of Burnside was not deserved. That officer's dispatches all indicate an intention to defend himself. On the 3d, he said: The season is so far advanced, that I fear there must be great suffering in this command, unless we are fortunate enough to occupy Cleveland, and the line of railroad from here to Chattanooga. This did not look like falling back. We wil
ablest officers of the enemy, and who at this time commanded the most famous corps in Bragg's army, was summoned to a council of war, where he received instructions to move his command at once against Burnside. Accordingly, on the morning of the 4th, he marched to Tyner's station, there to take cars for Sweetwater. His orders were, to drive Burnside out of East Tennessee, or, if possible, to capture or destroy him. See Appendix, for Bragg's instructions to Longstreet entire. Longstreet's the cars, but ten, from the southern road, Vicksburg; and again: Those ordered by Colonel Parsons, for Memphis, can also come. There are more cars now on the West Tennessee roads than are required. But all this was not sufficient, and, on the 4th, Grant declared: The road from Nashville to Decatur will have to be put in running order. Sherman was ordered to leave Dodge's division, of Hurlbut's command, at Athens. have given directions for putting the railroad from Nashville to Decatur in
on, of McPherson's corps, to be sent forward to report to Sherman. Delays were occasioned by the destruction of bridges across the Elk river, and long detours were made; for there was not time either to ferry, or to build new bridges; and, on the 5th, Grant again dispatched to Sherman: Leave Dodge's command (of Hurlbut's corps) at Athens, until further orders, and come with the remainder of your command to Stevenson, or until you receive other instructions. Again, on the 7th: The enemy have m 1st of November: Should the enemy break through below Kingston, move in force to Sparta and McMinnville, and hang on to him with all your force, and such as I can send you from Bridgeport and Stevenson, until he is beaten and turned back. On the 5th, Longstreet's movement having actually begun the day before, Grant said to Burnside: I will endeavor, from here, to bring the enemy back from your right flank as soon as possible. Should you discover him leaving, you should annoy him all you can
orders, and come with the remainder of your command to Stevenson, or until you receive other instructions. Again, on the 7th: The enemy have moved a great part of their force from this front towards Burnside. I have to make an immediate move fromble to leave Sweetwater, until the 13th of the month. Grant, however, was instantly informed of the movement, and, on the 7th, he telegraphed to Halleck: In addition to the forces threatening Burnside from the east, there is but little doubt that L Whether Thomas makes any demonstration before his arrival, will depend upon advices of the enemy's movements. On the 7th, the orders were issued to Thomas to attack Bragg's army. The news, said Grant, is of such a nature, that it becomes an iin readiness at all times, to replace any that may be destroyed. Keep me advised of what you do in this matter. On the 7th, he got word from Sherman, and telegraphed at once, to send a train loaded with provisions for him, to Fayetteville: Gener
ayetteville, to-morrow, without any thing to eat. See the shipping commissary, and direct him to secure transportation, and send one hundred thousand rations to-morrow morning. He watched over Sherman carefully, not only providing supplies to meet him along the route, and sending him ferry-boats with which to cross the Tennessee, and requesting Admiral Porter to order up gunboats to protect the crossing, but even studying and directing the routes by which he wished Sherman to march. On the 10th, he instructed that commander: I learn that, by the way of Newmarket and Maysville, you will avoid the heavy mountains, and find abundance of forage. If a part of your command is now at Winchester and a part back, that portion behind had better be turned on the Newmarket route. It was important indeed to him that Sherman should arrive in good condition, and as speedily as possible. He could not move Thomas, the wheels of whose cannon were heavy and held him fast; Burnside could not be re
t's effective force was a little more than fifteen thousand men, besides Wheeler's cavalry, perhaps five thousand strong; Longstreet reported his effective strength as about fifteen thousand. On the 31st of August, Wheeler's cavalry numbered ten thousand six hundred and twenty-two effective men. Wheeler stated in his report that he took with him on this campaign, portions of five brigades. eighty guns were also ordered to accompany him. The rebel leaders were confident of success. On the 11th, Longstreet said to Bragg, from Sweetwater: There are many reasons for anticipating great results from the expedition against General Burnside's army. His force should not be allowed to escape without an effort to destroy it. With the balance of my corps, or any good marching division, I think we may make a great campaign. Bragg, however, refused to give Longstreet more than the two divisions of flood and McLaws, although the corps commander begged hard for an increase, and said: I think y
Tennessee, with the enemy's forces as they are now situated, unless he is constantly occupied by forces immediately in his front. There are reports of very large bodies of troops concentrating against me, but I believe them all exaggerated. Burnside, indeed, was always sanguine; his fault was rather to underrate difficulties, and to overestimate his own powers or means of conquering them, than to be cowed by what opposed him. He was more likely to risk too much, than to withdraw. On the 12th, he said: We will endeavor to hold in check any force that comes against us, until Thomas is ready. . . . . This country certainly ought to be held, if possible, until Thomas can force the enemy back. Just at this time, the telegraph lines were cut between Grant and Burnside, so that communication was interrupted for a day or two; it was, however, soon renewed. Burnside now held as far east as Bull's gap, and, south of that, he picketed the Tennessee river, from Washington to Kingston. Hi
dgeport, with your four divisions. I want your command to aid in a movement to force the enemy back from their present position, and to make Burnside secure in his. He proceeded at once with his four divisions, along different roads, and, on the 13th, at night, arrived at Bridgeport. From that point, he immediately telegraphed his arrival to the commanding general, and was summoned in person to Chattanooga. This urgency of Grant had been caused by the movements of Bragg. As soon as the re, we will probably suffer very much during the winter, even if we are able to keep possession of the country. We are threatened by a considerable force of the enemy on each flank, but I have no serious apprehension of immediate trouble. On the 13th, he informed Grant that Longstreet was certainly on the Tennessee, opposite Loudon, with Wheeler's cavalry, and intending to cross the river. Burnside, accordingly, proposed to concentrate his forces and fall back, so as to draw Longstreet as far
river, and move to attack us in this neighborhood, he will be so far from the main body of Bragg's army, that he cannot be recalled in time to assist it, in case Thomas finds himself in condition to make an attack, after Sherman gets up. On the 14th, Grant telegraphed him: Sherman's advance has reached Bridgeport. His whole force will be ready to move from there, by Tuesday at furthest. If you can hold Longstreet in check, until he gets up, or, by skirmishing and falling back, can avoid serhat time. Sherman moved this morning from Bridgeport, with one division. The remainder of his command moves in the morning. There will be no halt until a severe battle is fought, or the railroads cut supplying the enemy. On the night of the 14th, Sherman took the first boat from Bridgeport for Kelly's ferry, and rode into Chattanooga on the 15th, reporting to Grant. He then learned the part assigned to him in the coming drama; and, on the 16th, he rode out in company with Grant, Thomas,
night. From Nashville, he also telegraphed to Admiral Porter, at Cairo: General Sherman's advance was at Eastport, on the 15th. The sooner a gunboat can be got to him the better. Boats must now be on the way from St. Louis, with supplies to go up will unite all discordant elements, and impress the enemy in proportion. All success and honor to you! And again, on the 15th: I am very anxious you should go to Nashville, as foreshadowed by Halleck, and chiefly as you can harmonize all conflicts even days more will enable us to make such movements as to make the whole valley secure, if you hold on that time. On the 15th, he said again: I do not know how to impress on you the necessity of holding on to East Tennessee, in strong enough terms. On the night of the 14th, Sherman took the first boat from Bridgeport for Kelly's ferry, and rode into Chattanooga on the 15th, reporting to Grant. He then learned the part assigned to him in the coming drama; and, on the 16th, he rode out in compa
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