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William T. Sherman (search for this): chapter 6
ant moves to Holly Springs enemy retreats rebels desert their fortifications on the Tallahatchie co. Operative movement from Helena Grant advances to Oxford Sherman sent to Memphis McClernand assigned to command of river expedition by the President Sherman moves by river against Vicksburg Grant's communications cut and HolSherman moves by river against Vicksburg Grant's communications cut and Holly Springs captured Grant lives off the country Reopens his communications Sherman's assault on Vicksburg repulse of Sherman McClernand takes command of river expedition capture of Arkansas post Grant falls back to Memphis extraordinary behavior of Mc-Clernand Grant takes command of river expedition protest of McClernand.atch were on the same day given to Sherman; headquarters Thirteenth army corps. Department of the Tennessee, Oxford, Mississippi, December 8, 1862. Major-General W. T. Sherman, commanding Right Wing: You will proceed, with as little delay as possible, to Memphis, Tennessee, taking with you one division of your present comma
e. These two ideas were already prominent in his mind; they were destined to become fully developed ere long, and to be prosecuted with energy and persistency, but both to prove unsuccessful. Although so persistently and zealously followed up by Grant, he was not at any time persuaded of their adequacy; but he thought it his duty to give them a fair trial, and, at any rate, to occupy the troops vigorously until he should be able to get them below the city. On the 20th, after his visit to Napoleon, he wrote: The work of reducing Vicksburg will take time and men, but can be accomplished. He determined, now, to abandon the railroad from Jackson to Columbus, and to move all his troops south, except those absolutely necessary to hold the line from Memphis to Corinth. All heavy guns on the east bank, between Memphis and Columbus, and from Island Number10, as well as the floating batteries below there, were at once removed; as their remaining only offered inducements to the enemy to at
markable bend in the river, and on one of the few bluffs that mark its course, was rendered one of the strongest fortified places in America. In June, 1862, after the capture of New Orleans, a combined expedition moved up the river, under Commodore Farragut and Brigadier-General Thomas Williams, who found no difficulty in making their way as far as Vicksburg, five hundred and thirty miles from the sea; there, however, they were checked. A bombardment by the naval force proving ineffectual, pas forces have been for some time operating in the vicinity of Vicksburg, and the President expects that you will permit no obstacle to prevent you from cooperating with him by some movement up the Mississippi river. He was to be supported by Admiral Farragut's fleet, already so renowned, and for months his arrival was constantly expected by Grant. Circumstances, which it is not my province to investigate or describe, delayed the movements of General Banks, who arrived at New Orleans in December
commanders before the attack, dated December 23d, Sherman said: Parts of this general plan are to cooperate with the naval squadron in the reduction of Vicksburg, to secure possession of the land lying between the Yazoo and the Black, and to act in concert with General Grant against Pemberton's forces, supposed to have Jackson, Mississippi, as a point of concentration. In the same paper: It may be necessary (looking to Grant's approach), before attacking Vicksburg, to reduce the battery at Haine's bluff first, so as to enable some of the lighter gunboats and transports to ascend the Ya-zoo, and communicate with General Grant. Again: Grant's left and centre were at the last accounts approaching the Yallabusha, near Grenada, and the railroad to his rear, by which he drew his supplies, was reported to be seriously damaged. This may disconcert him somewhat, but only makes more important our line of operations. At the Yallabusha, General Grant may encounter the army of General Pembert
John A. McClernand (search for this): chapter 6
or military results, and refused to consider McClernand's plan. He told that general that he had noe President, however, was the warm friend of McClernand, and was accustomed to dictate in purely mil urged on by the President, who was beset by McClernand's political friends, and who, in fact, was fon: It is the wish of the President that General McClernand's corps shall constitute a part of the r the long campaign and siege that followed. McClernand's assumption of the command of the river expppi against attacks from the Arkansas side. McClernand immediately acquiesced in Sherman's proposit not perceptible. Lacking any confidence in McClernand's military judgment, and supposing that the re was not sufficient confidence felt in General McClernand as a commander, either by the army or naSecretary of War. On the 30th of January, McClernand wrote to Grant: If different views are enterue, had submitted promptly to be relieved by McClernand, but he was a man with soldierly instincts, [29 more...]
Ulysses S. Grant (search for this): chapter 6
ication with Admiral Porter, and arrange with him for his cooperation . Inform me at the earliest practicable day of the time when you will embark, and such plans as may then be matured. I will hold the forces here in readiness to cooperate with you in such manner as the movements of the enemy may make necessary. Leave the District of Memphis in the command of an efficient officer, and with a garrison of four regiments of infantry, the siege guns, and whatever cavalry may be there. U. S. Grant, Major-General. and Grant having been authorized, in compliance with his request, to assume command of all the troops then in Mississippi, belonging to the Department of Arkansas, directed them to report to Sherman, whom he dispatched on the 8th, to Memphis. Porter was informed of the plan, and was requested to cooperate. Sherman was instructed to move with all celerity, and informed, that I will hold the troops here in readiness to cooperate with you in such manner as the movements of
not transmit the orders he had received, although he wrote at once to McClernand; but, before the line was reopened, Sherman had embarked at Memphis, with thirty thousand men, and at Helena, was reenforced by twelve thousand more. He arrived at Milliken's bend, on the Arkansas side, and twenty miles above Vicksburg, on the 24th of December; here he spent two or three days, in attempts to cut the Vicksburg and Shreveport railroad (by which reenforcements could have been sent to Vicksburg), and wenty thousand troops. He also, at this time, sent an officer to Admiral Porter, to survey the ground, and determine the practicability of reopening the canal across the tongue of land opposite Vicksburg. McClernand was ordered to rendezvous at Milliken's bend, or some other point convenient for cooperation with Banks, who was daily expected below Vicksburg. It is necessary to a correct understanding of all these operations, and due to General Halleck, to keep constantly in mind that Major-
W. T. Sherman (search for this): chapter 6
s Sherman's assault on Vicksburg repulse of Sherman McClernand takes command of river expeditionr the advance of his entire force, including Sherman; had written to Steele, in Arkansas, to threamand, I think it would be practicable to send Sherman to take them and the Memphis forces south of y at, or near Grenada, confronting him, while Sherman might step in and take Vicksburg. By this stof the plan, and was requested to cooperate. Sherman was instructed to move with all celerity, ande river expedition, and therefore had hurried Sherman to Memphis, on the very day that he received f not, assign such officer as you deem best. Sherman would be my choice as the chief under you. No take a place of unusual strength by storm. Sherman deserves all praise for his determination to he would have had so many more men to feed. Sherman, too, had more troops than he could use, so trned by it. He was loath, however, to deprive Sherman of the opportunity to throw off the odium cau[47 more...]
anders everywhere did their duty, except at Holly Springs; and the enemy was repulsed at Coldwater, Davis Mills, Bolivar, and Middleburg; but Holly Springs was captured while the troops were in their beds. The commanding officer of the post, Colonel Murphy, of the Eighth Wisconsin volunteers, had taken no steps to protect the place, not notifying a single officer of the command, of the approaching danger, although he himself had received early warning from Grant. The troops were blameless, forack, was when they found themselves surrounded; and notwithstanding the surprise, many of them behaved admirably, refusing to be paroled, and after making their escape from the enemy, attacking him without regard to their relative strength. Colonel Murphy was dismissed the service for his conduct on this occasion. He was the same officer who had abandoned Iuka to Price so readily. Fifteen hundred prisoners were taken, and four hundred thousand dollars' worth of property was reported destroye
. Holly Springs is on the Mississippi Central railroad, twenty-five miles from Grand Junction, and about half way to the Tallahatchie river. The distance to Grenada from Grand Junction is one hundred miles. General Pemberton, having superseded Van Dorn, who remained to serve under him, was at this time in command of the forces opposed to Grant, and had fortified strongly on the Tallahatchie, his advance, however, reaching as far north as La Grange and Grand Junction. When Halleck received worthe order, and will forward it to you as soon as printed. . . . Written and verbal instructions have been given to General Sherman, which will be turned over to you on your arrival at Memphis. On the 20th, however, the enemy's cavalry, under Van Dorn, made a dash into Holly Springs, twenty-eight miles in Grant's rear, and captured the garrison, with all its stores. Forrest, another rebel raider, at the same time pushed his cavalry into West Tennessee, and cut the railroad to Columbus, at se
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