ules of the schools and the urgent counsel of his ablest subordinates; and finally the celerity, the audacity, the strategical manoeuvres, the marches, the counter-marches, the five successful battles of the great campaign—except the Appomattox week, the most brilliant episode of the war. At Chattanooga, there came the larger responsibilities, the wider sphere, the varied combinations of the three armies, culminating in the elaborate tactical plans and evolutions of Lookout mountain and Missionary ridge—a meet preparation for the still grander duties he was to assume and the more comprehensive strategy he was to unfold as generalin-chief of the whole.
His entire career was indeed up to this point a prelude and preface for what was to follow.
Events were educating him for the position he was destined to occupy.
He learned the peculiar characteristics of American war. He found out that many of the rules applicable in European contests would fail him here.
He discovered, years befo
uns were captured, and four thousand prisoners; but the bulk of the garrison, nine thousand in number, escaped.
Wilson's command, consisting of twelve thousand five hundred mounted men, marched south from the Tennessee river into the heart of Alabama.
Forrest was in front with a motley force, made up of conscripts and local militia: old men and boys, clergymen, physicians, editors, judges—the people usually left behind in time of war. To these the rebel commander added two or three thousannd twenty-five miles, and captured five fortified cities, six thousand two hundred prisoners, two hundred and eighty pieces of artillery, ninety-nine thousand stand of small arms, and whatever else of military advantage was left in the state of Alabama.
The country was simply overrun.
There was nobody to defend it, and no defense worthy of the name.
In fact, the history of the war after the 9th of April is nothing but an enumeration of successive surrenders.
On the 14th of April, Johnsto