ers of the peace and criminals.
These commanders were expressly authorized to supersede the civil courts by military tribunals, and all civil or State government whatever was declared provisional and subject to the paramount authority of the United States.
This military rule was to continue till the colored population was allowed to vote, and the amendment already rejected should be ratified.
Then, and not till then, would the seceded States be admitted to their former position in the Union,once he accepted the new faith, he remained firm.
Six weeks before the passage of the reconstruction measures he wrote to General Howard, at that time in command of the Freedmen's Bureau:
[Confidential.] headquarters armies of the United States, Washington, January 18, 1867.
dear General,—Will you be kind enough to send me a list of authenticated cases of murder and other violence upon freedmen, Northern or other Union men, refugees, etc., in the Southern States for the last six