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Browsing named entities in Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 13. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones).

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A. General: Lieutenant,—I resumed command of this (Third Alabama) regiment at Greencastle, Pennsylvania, on the 22d ultimo. From that point the regiment proceeded without the occurrence of anything worthy of remark until the morning of the 1st instant, when it was formed in line of battle on the right of Rodes's brigade. Just before the advance was ordered, I received instructions to move with General Daniel, who was on my right, and keep upon his alignment. These instructions were followsanguinary battle near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania: After a most tiresome march through the mountains, this regiment, belonging to Benning's brigade, arrived at 2, night, in the neighborhood of the scene of an engagement which took place on the 1st inst., where it was permitted to bivouac for a few hours. At 3 A. M. it resumed the march, and again halted after proceeding some three miles. At I P. M. it again took up the line of march, moving by a circuitous route to the right. Notwithstanding
the band, who had been ordered to the rear, dismounted, and of their own volition went to the front to pick up the wounded and carry them to the ambulances. They never afterwards shrank from the performance of that self-imposed duty of devotion which endeared them to the regiment. The following general order was issued, the original of which has been preserved by the writer: General order. headquarters District, Western Louisiana, in the field, April 5th, 1864. No.——. On the 2d instant, while marching his regiment from Manny to Pleasant Hill, Colonel X. B. Debray was suddenly attacked by the enemy in superior force. Considering the unexpected nature of this affair, and the circumstance that Colonel Debray's regiment had never before been in action, the soldierly qualities displayed by the Colonel, and the good conduct of his men, meet the acknowledgment of the Major-General commanding, who has every reason to form brilliant expectations of the future career of this fine
anders of the operations about Gettysburg on the 2d and 3d ult. I have caused Captain Cleary, AssistThis regiment did not engage the enemy on the 2d inst., but remained in position on the right of theregiment in the battle near Gettysburg on the 2d ult.: My regiment occupied the centre of the brnd 3d of July, 1863: On the morning of the 2d inst. this regiment, with the brigade, marched froaff, while posting pickets after night on the 2d inst. Very respectfully, J. L. Sheffield, Colond 3d, 1863: About 4 1/2 o'clock P. M., the 2d inst., we were ordered to advance on the enemy, whoylvania: About four o'clock P. M. on the second inst. General Hood's division was drawn up in linf the regiment after the second charge on the 2d inst. and remained so until we left Gettysburg (Colagement near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, op the 2d inst.: The regiment went into action under commaernoon during the battle of Gettysburg on the 2d inst., all officers senior to me having fallen, the
ommanders of the operations about Gettysburg on the 2d and 3d ult. I have caused Captain Cleary, Assistant Adjutant-General oition on the right of the brigade. On the morning of the 3d inst., the regiment moved with the brigade to the left and actee one hundred and two killed, wounded and missing. On the 3d inst. the regiment was withdrawn a short distance, where we remon from which we had driven the enemy until sunset of the 3d inst., at which time I was ordered to move my command, in conju, night having come on. We were relieved on the next day, 3d inst. by Semmes's brigade, and sent to the extreme right of theed orders from headquarters, about 3 o'clock A. M. on the 3d inst., to fall back, and connect with the main line, which comm the time the hurt was received. On the next day (the 3d inst.) the regiment was detached from the brigade and sent to df the 3d. Colonel Nance arrived late in the afternoon of the 3d, and assumed command in person. On the morning of the 23d o
ade without his knowledge and direction, except the capture by General Moore of the entrenched camp of the enemy south of the railroad, which was one of those events of battle which give no time for reference to higher authority, and which illustrate the true genius for war of the executive commander who, as Moore did, seizes the opportunity they offer. It is generally believed that the battle was lost by the inaction of our right wing, which, after the first advance on the morning of the third, made no decided attempt upon the lines in its front. So notable was this inertness that the enemy seems to have considered the attack of that wing merely a feint, which justified him in detaching a large force from his left to reinforce his centre, which had been broken and was in great peril. It is altogether probable that had the attack with the right wing been pressed as it was pressed by the centre and left, Van Dorn would have captured Corinth and the enemy's army. The troops which
nding Fifteenth Ala. Regiment. Report of Major Campbell, Forty-Seventh Alabama regiment. headquarters Forty-Seventh Alabama regiment, August 7th, 1863. A report of the part my regiment took in the fight at Gettysburg: Before our line was formed three companies were detached from my regiment and placed in rear of our right to guard a road. These companies remained on this part of the field almost constantly, skirmishing with the enemy until we fell back on the morning of the 4th, when they rejoined their command. The other seven companies went into the fight in line with the brigade. There was some confusion in these companies, owing to the fact that in the charge the Lieutenant-Colonel expected the Colonel to give all necessary commands, and the Colonel remained so far behind that his presence on the field was but a trammel on the Lieutenant-Colonel. The Colonel having been left behind, and the Lieutenant-Colonel killed, fighting most nobly, I took command of
line. He sent a courier to me asking that I would move up to his assistance, as his works had not been well supplied with ammunition. The brigade was put under arms immediately, and moved up to General Law's line through a heavy fire of musketry. The men moved up in gallant style, and very soon the enemy were forced to retire. The brigade lost several men and officers killed and wounded, amongst whom was Lieutenant McClendon, acting Aid de-Camp, while nobly discharging his duty. On the 4th we were ordered to take position on the line again, to the right of the position occupied by General Law, which position was occupied by the brigade for several days. Here our line was in such close proximity to the enemy's works that a constant fire was kept up during the day between us and the enemy, resulting in loss to us, and to be supposed in greater loss to them, as we finally almost silenced their sharpshooters entirely. During the night of the 12th the enemy abandoned their works
tysburg to Emmettsburg, and in front of the second mountain from the left, which was occupied by the enemy. We remained in this position, or nearly so, during the 4th of July. The day was marked by considerable skirmishing, and once or twice an attack seemed probable, but none occurred. About twelve o'clock at night we, in common with the whole command, retired, marching towards Hagerstown via Fairfield. The next night we reached and camped on Jack's mountain, at Monteray Springs. On the 5th we continued the march via Waterloo, and went into camp about a mile and a half this side of Hagerstown and a mile from Funkstown, about nine o'clock P. M. There we remained until the 10th, when we went into line of battle on Auticlaw Creek to the right of a bridge below Funkstown, and at some mills, name unknown. Company I was advanced beyond the bridge, and lost one man killed (Private Beasely) while acting as sharpshooters. We retired at daylight the 11th, and moved to a point on the rig
General Ewell to move my artillery to the front. I immediately broke up my grazing camps in the neighborhood of Gordonsville, and directed Colonel Brown to move his division of artillery in the direction of Locust Grove. Cutshaw's battalion was ordered to report to Colonel Carter, who had been ordered some days before to the vicinity of Raccoon Ford, with Page's battalion of his division—Nelson's battalion had been some time on the front, operating with Early's division of infantry. On the 5th all my artillery was concentrated at Locust Grove, on the old turnpike from Orange Courthouse to Fredericksburg, in the immediate vicinity of the infantry of the Second Corps. On reporting to General Ewell I learned that the enemy was in his front. Major-General Ed. Johnson's division of infantry was advanced, accompanied by Nelson's battalion of artillery. After moving a short distance the division was deployed across the pike, and one battery (Milledge's) was put in position to the righ
e loss of our bravest and best men, then lying upon the slopes of Corinth, we felt how bootless had been their sacrifice, and how different the result would have been had our charge upon the works been supported. The utmost depression prevailed throughout the army, and it was with no elation we heard our dauntless leader, Van Dorn, had determined to make another attack that day on the enemy at Rienzi. The pioneers, preceded by an advance-guard of cavalry, had already, before daylight of the 5th, been sent forward on the road to Rienzi, when Van Dorn was induced by the representations of some of his principal generals as to the condition of their troops to countermand the orders for the Rienzi movement, and to take the route for Ripley via the Tuscumbia and Davis's bridge over the Hatchie. Our wagon train was parked at the Tuscumbia bridge. Wirt Adams's cavalry brigade, with Whitfield's Texas Legion, had been thrown forward across the Hatchie, and guarded the approaches from Boliva
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