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command was kept together for the night, except the Nineteenth Louisiana volunteers, Colonel B. L. Hodge, who, in spite of exertion of his own, did not succeed in reporting to me until after the battle of the 7th. —(Ibid, page 480.) As for Colonel Pond, commanding the Third brigade of Ruggles's division of Bragg's corps, touching his operations after 4 P. M, relating a charge made by his forces pursuant to an order from General Hardee, he says: This brought my troops under the fire of It is to be noted that the Eighteenth Louisiana lost two hundred and seven officers and men either killed or wounded in this ill-judged charge. This brigade was not in the quarter of the field with General Bragg, and I refer to the reports of Colonel Pond, Colonel Monton, Major Gober (Sixteenth Louisiana), Colonel Marshall J. Smith and Colonel Looney, Thirty-eighth Tennessee, chiefly to show that no order reached them to retire, and that, up to the very edge of night, they were being employed o
dyes his reeking sword, and strews the ground With headless ranks. What can they do? Or how Withstand his wide destroying sword? And now, in conclusion, I challenge those who have brought on this discussion to make up the issue tangibly as one purely of historical and military import and concern—that is, divested of all family vanities and personal ambitions, for submission, in effect, to the judicial decision of a few such men as Judge Campbell, Secretary Lamar, Senators Vance, Pugh, Colquitt and Eustis, Governor Haygood, General E. P. Alexander, or many score of such other gentlemen of the South whom I could name as capable of deciding according to the clear documentary evidence. But let the issue be made so broad as to embrace several subjects which have not been touched upon in my papers. For example to begin with, Was the military situation on the part of the Confederates in the department under the command of General A. S. Johnston such as to make the loss of Fort Donelso
now see, however, from the reports of his several division, brigade and regimental commanders, as to the condition of their respective commands, whether there were really any rational grounds for General Polk's belief that his troops were capable of the vigorous assault that was essential to make the Confederate operations at that late hour a triumphant success. General A. P. Stewart, a professionally educated soldier, who fell into command of Polk's first division by the disablement of General Clark, reports that after the capture of Prentiss, in which his immediate command had no part, under the orders of General Polk, he moved toward our left to the support of some Louisiana regiments (with the Second and Thirty-third and Fifth Tennessee regiments.) In passing through the woods, Stewart continued, the Fifth Tennessee became separated from us. The other two moved forward to a road, and thence by the left flank along the road to the camp where prisoners were captured. We fina
g to allow two of his regiments to exchange their guns for Enfield rifles captured from Prentiss, he moved forward to rejoin Breckinridge, who, with Stratham's and Bowen's brigades, was occupying the front line, being on the crest of the hill (or high land), overlooking the narrow valley of the Tennessee river, on which and near bymp, which movement was effected in good order * * * in darkness of the night. (Ibid, page 616). Colonel Martin, who commanded Breckinridge's second brigade, after Bowen was wounded, also reports that when within from three hundred to four hundred yards of the river, the enemy opened on his troops with their gunboats and two batterat in the month of January, 1862, General A. S. Johnston had in his possession a map with Shiloh church marked upon it by the engineers, and had pointed out to Colonel Bowen that there the great battle of the southwest will be fought—is not one whit more historical or less imaginary than the ancient fable of the voyage of Arion to
Thomas Jordan (search for this): chapter 1.34
Battle of Shiloh: refutation of the so-called lost opportunity, on the evening of April 6th, 1862. General Thomas Jordan, Adjutant—General of the Confederate Forces that were Engaged. Although I have shown in a former article, published in the New Orleans Picayune, that under the rules which would govern in the courts of ready so late that in the darkness he lost his brigade, and, unable even to find it the next morning, was assigned by some staff officer, not now recollected (Colonel Jordan, as it happened), to the command of other troops during the Monday's battle.—(Rebellion Records, Volume X, Part I, page 555.) Colonel Deas, commanding anotth an impossibility? That is to say, was it not in the power of the Confederate commander-in-chief to have assembled his forces a week earlier than he did, and therefore been in the condition to fight General Grant at latest on the first instead of the 6th of April, 1862? Thomas Jordan, 61 Broadway, New York, September 1,
Clifton H. Smith (search for this): chapter 1.34
rder (to retire), it is probable that something would have been said about it. (Military Operations of General Beauregard, by Colonel Roman, page 535.) Captain Clifton H. Smith, who carried to Bragg the order that General Beauregard really did give, states that it was in these words: Ride to the front and instruct General Bragg to arrest the conflict and reform the lines. Smith also writes that he found Bragg in a slight ravine in rear of Ruggles's division, accompanied by his staff and escort. * * * He had evidently but just retired from some portion of his line of battle. General Ruggles himself was immediately at hand. * * * I am confident none egard's) presence. It was quite dark, and he was at first unable to distinguish you. The darkness settles in my mind the time of our return to your headquarters. Smith further states, circumstantially, that the distance traversed by Bragg and himself was between one and two miles—no more; that is, not exceeding twenty minutes in
reposterous an undertaking; and such must be the verdict of any military man who may studiously read the reports of the subordinate officers of Withers's three brigades, and bear in mind the formidable line of fifty-odd pieces of artillery which Webster had improvised, and which Buell had so opportunely supported with Ammen's fresh brigade. Nor was it materially different with the other division of Bragg's corps, for Ruggles who commanded it, and who did splendid service that day, especially iithers in the assertion that the forces under them at the time the precautionary order was received to withdraw out of the immediate fire of the gunboats, would have been able, before the darkness of night set in, to carry the ridge occupied by Webster's fifty-odd guns, supported by Ammen's brigade of Buell's army, as also by the remains of Hurlbut's, Stuart's and W. H. Wallace's brigades, and certain other fragmentary commands that had been organized at the river-side by Grant out of the best
Charles Jones (search for this): chapter 1.34
o do so. —(Rebellion Records, Volume X, Part I, page 493.) Captain W. G. Poole, commanding the Florida battalion, as early as April 12th reports that, after the successful affair with Prentiss, his battalion, with a portion of the brigade (Patton Anderson's) proceeded forward within range of the heavy guns on the Tennessee river, where we were for some time exposed to the enemy's shells. * * * We then fell back to the enemy's camp and bivouacked for the night.—(Ibid, page 505). Colonel Charles Jones (Seventh Louisiana), as early as the 11th of April reports that, after taking part in the successful operation against Prentiss, General Anderson, his brigade commander, came up with the Twentieth Louisiana and ordered the line formed: At this moment I was wounded in the left arm with a minie-ball and retired. After having my wound dressed, I immediately returned to the field in search of my command. Fell in with General Ruggles and reported myself to him. He invited me to r
C. D. Venable (search for this): chapter 1.34
he report of Lieutenant-Colonel Strahl, commanding the First regiment Tennessee volunteers: I then marched the regiment a short distance to the rear, had the men wipe out their guns, many of them being so dirty they could not load, fill their cartridge-boxes and replenish their canteens with water. We then marched forward into line, and continued in line until after dark, when we fell back in order to get out of reach of the shells from the gunboats. —(Ibid, page 432.) Lieutenant-Colonel C. D. Venable, commanding the Fifth Tennessee, of Stewart's brigade judging from his report, could not have been part of that puissant force which was about to swoop down upon, throttle and carry of from under the guns of the naval vessels the whole Fedral army after 6 o'clock in the afternoon of an April day; for after having, by a movement of his regiment, as he reports, closed the only avenue of escape for General Prentiss, and thus assured his capture, he next flanked to the left about th
eers, and had pointed out to Colonel Bowen that there the great battle of the southwest will be fought—is not one whit more historical or less imaginary than the ancient fable of the voyage of Arion to Parnassus on the back of a music-loving dolphin. I may also say that Colonel Johnston seems to aim to present his father as exercising a brawny physical power and influence upon the battle of Shiloh, not unlike that ascribed to Marlborough at the battle of Blenheim, by the English poetaster, Philips, in these lines: Churchell viewing where The violence of Tallard most prevailed, Come to oppose his slaughtering arms. With speed Precipitate he rode, urging his way O'er hills of gasping heroes and fallen steeds Rolling in death. Destruction, grim with blood, Attends his furious course. Around his head The glowing balls play innocent, while he, With due impetuous sway, deals fatal blows Among the flying Gauls. In Gallic blood He dyes his reeking sword, and strews the ground With h
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