hat Mr. Lincoln had been elected, the cotton States, consisting of South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas, took measures to secede from the Union, treating his election as a sufficient cause for their action.
South Carolina led the way on the 17th of December, 1860, and was followed by the others—Texas having been the last to secede.
Her representatives subscribed the provisional Confederate Constitution at Montgomery on the 2d of March, 1861.
On the 11th of that month these States, through their representatives, adopted the permanent Confederate Constitution.
To understand the full effect of this important step, and how it was regarded by the great majority of the people of the border States, as we shall see, it must be remembered that nothing had occurred at that time to change the legal or political condition of the people of the seceding States.
Mr. Lincoln had been duly elected, it is true, after a very exciting election, but the Rep