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Alabama (Alabama, United States) (search for this): chapter 1.12
difference was. Secession. Soon after it became known that Mr. Lincoln had been elected, the cotton States, consisting of South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas, took measures to secede from the Union, treating his election as a sufficient cause for their action. South Carolina led th165 to 130, and, after the adoption of this resolution, the ordinance of secession was opposed the next day by 89 members against 208 voting in favor of it. In Alabama the ordinance was adopted by the convention on the 11th of January by a vote of 61 to 39. In Florida the ordinance was adopted on the 10th of January, 1861, beas the laws of the United States have been for some time past and now are opposed and the execution thereof obstructed in the States of South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Florida, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas by combinations too powerful to be suppressed by the ordinary course of judicial proceedings, or by the powers vested
Appomattox (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 1.12
a sufficient recompense for any service. The dignity and grandeur of General Lee never appeared to greater advantage than on the occasion of the surrender at Appomattox. Others have described better than I can his appearance in the interview with General Grant. Let me say, however, as the only Confederate witness of that scenit had been the way of triumph. Grant's tribute to Lee. Perhaps the highest tribute that was ever paid to General Lee was paid by General Grant himself at Appomattox. After the meeting at McLean's house, where the terms of surrender were agreed upon, General Grant requested another interview with General Lee. Upon his States from the evil effects of a continuance of such a form of government in any part of the country. A Grand sentiment from Lee. After the surrender at Appomattox, and the cessation of hostilities, there was more or less doubt among those who had been in the army as to what they should do. Some, unable to reconcile thems
Savannah (Georgia, United States) (search for this): chapter 1.12
p a collection on the fourth Sunday in November, being the 27th of that month. Still under the glow of the patriotic devotion that followed the death of General Lee, it did not occur to the committee that many clergymen might regard this as the intrusion of a worldly matter into the holy precincts of the sanctuary. Many did very naturally take this view of the case. Nevertheless, the appeal resulted in the collection of a considerable sum, the largest contribution ($3,000) coming from Savannah. At the foot of the copy of the circular in the possession of General Early, the following is appended in the handwriting of Miss Randolph: The fourth Sunday (27th) has been appointed as the day on which the collection for the monument will be taken up. Please advertise as far as you can. Remit contributions to Miss S. N. Randolph, secretary of Ladies' Lee Monument Committee, Box 838, Richmond, Va. Work of both organizations. Both associations soon adopted the most practical
Providence, R. I. (Rhode Island, United States) (search for this): chapter 1.12
reat and free; And to-day Virginia matches him— And matches him with Lee. II. Who shall blame the social order Which gave us men as great as these? Who condemn the soil of ta forest Which brings forth gigantic trees? Who presume to doubt that Providence Shapes out our destinies? Foreordained, and long maturing, Came the famous men of old; In the dark mines deep were driven Down the shafts to reach the gold, And the story is far longer Than the histories have told. From Bacon down to Washing to think worse of them, nor indisposed me to serve them; nor, in spite of failures, which I lament, of errors, which I now see and acknowledge, or, of the present aspect of affairs, do I despair of the future. This truth is this: The march of Providence is so slow, and our desires so impatient, the work of progress is so immense, and our means of aiding it so feeble, the life of humanity is so long, and that of the individual so brief, that we often see only the ebb of the advancing wave, and
Mason (Texas, United States) (search for this): chapter 1.12
rder slave States, especially as we shall see in Virginia. Conceding that the States had the right to secede, it was generally regarded as a right which should only be exercised for a grave cause, and it was not easy for the people of those States to perceive a grave reason for secession which was followed by a re-enactment by the seceders of the whole body of the laws of the Union from which they had seceded. Lee on secession. It is of this secession that General Lee wrote from Fort Mason, Texas, on the 23d of January, 1861. He says: The South, in my opinion, has been aggrieved by the acts of the North, as you say. I feel the aggression, and am willing to take every proper step for redress. It is the principle I contend for, not individual or private benefit. As an American citizen, I take great pride in my country, her prosperity and her institutions, and would defend any State if her rights were invaded. But I can anticipate no greater calamity for the country than th
North Carolina (North Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 1.12
the presidential election in November, 1860, indicating that the people were nearly divided. The convention assembled on the 4th of March following, and on the 18th rejected an ordinance of secession by a vote of 35 to 39 against it. In North Carolina the Legislature passed a bill, on the 30th of January, 1861, to submit to a popular vote the question of calling a convention. The vote was taken on the 28th of February, 1861, and resulted in 46,671 for and 47,333 against holding a conventsuddenly forced upon them. The convention of Arkansas, which on the 18th of March had refused to adopt an ordinance of secession by a vote of 35 to 39, assembled again on the 6th of May and passed that ordinance by a vote of 69 to 1. In North Carolina, which had refused in February to call a convention, one was called immediately upon the appearance of the proclamation, which met on the 20th of May and passed an ordinance of secession the following day. In Tennessee, which had refused to c
Maryland (Maryland, United States) (search for this): chapter 1.12
details of the action of Kentucky and Missouri during the same time, it is enough to say that prior to April 15, 1861, the people of those States were, if possible, more decided in their opposition to secession than the people of Virginia. In Maryland, before the date I have mentioned, practically the whole population was opposed to the action of the cotton States and desirous of a peaceful solution of the public difficulties and the maintenance of the Union. You will thus see that the peoonal declaration in favor of secession, on the 17th of April an ordinance of secession was adopted by a vote of 88 to 55, and the majority vote was afterwards increased to 91. The change in the feeling of the people of Kentucky, Missouri, and Maryland was equally marked, although its free expression was prevented by force, and the action of the Federal Government was resented where the ability to resist was wanting. The differences to which I have referred as existing among the people of t
Yorktown (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 1.12
South was the worst that any people ever fought for. To those who measure national greatness by the acre, and know no national welfare that does not bear the stamp of the mint, the cause was bad, but not so in the eyes of the children of that holy covenant between the power of the State and the liberty of the people, the first lines of which were written at Runnymede, whose leaves are stained with the blood of countless martyrs, and to which the hand of Washington set the blood-red seal at Yorktown. To them the cause was one for which it was an honor to fight and a glory to die. To-day. We are here to-day to honor ourselves by doing honor to the memory of the foremost champion of that cause. If we look for a moment at the result of the method of composing the troubles of the country in 1861, adopted by Mr. Lincoln, I do not think that much encouragement will be found to resort to it again. It is true that it abolished slavery and removed the only serious cause of dissen
Roanoke Island (North Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 1.12
me the following illustration of the destitution of the Confederacy in the beginning of 1862. Mr. Benjamin was Secretary of War at the time of the loss of Roanoke Island. The report of the officer in command of that post showed that its loss was due in a great measure to the supposed persistent disregard by the Secretary of his urgent requisitions for powder and other supplies. Mr. Benjamin had directed General Huger to send powder from Norfolk to the garrison at Roanoke Island, and had been informed by Huger that compliance with that order would leave Norfolk without ammunition. The report of the commanding officer at Roanoke Island led to an iRoanoke Island led to an investigation of the loss of the post by a committee of Congress, and I give you the result in the language of Mr. Benjamin: I consulted the President, he says, whether it was best for the country that I should submit to unmerited censure or reveal to a congressional committee our poverty, and my utter inability to supply the
Sharpsburg (Maryland, United States) (search for this): chapter 1.12
gton from the grasp of the half-starved, half-naked soldiers of the Confederacy. It was issued when those soldiers stood on the frontier of Virginia, challenging their adversaries to try again the issue left undetermined on the bloody field of Sharpsburg. It came at a time when the Federal plan of campaign in Virginia for 1862 had failed, shattered at Manassas, shattered at Sharpsburg, and if there be not about it a painful suggestion of servile war as a possible aid to the restoration of FedeSharpsburg, and if there be not about it a painful suggestion of servile war as a possible aid to the restoration of Federal authority over the South, it is clear in the announcement that the South could escape the threatened emancipation of the slaves, and all the consequences of that measure, by returning to the Federal Union. How emancipation came about. Emancipation, therefore, was used as a threat to the States that should continue to resist the Federal arms after the 1st day of January, 1863, and protection to slavery by the Federal Government was the reward promised to such States as should cease to
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