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was received as a free State on the next day. This was according to an agreement, and all the territory north and west of the line of 36° 30′, which was the south line of the State of Missouri, was declared by act of Congress at the same time to be free territory, and that slavery should be forever excluded.
It was at that time occupied only by Indians and a few trappers.
The Missouri State line on the west ran due north and south, crossing the river at Kansas City, at the mouth of the Kaw river.
The territory comprising the six counties in the northwest part of the State was then an Indian reservation, and contains its most fertile soil.
Senators Benton and Linn succeeded in securing an extension of this State line to the river, and this extension included these fine lands, the bill being approved by President Jackson on the 7th day of June, 1836.
This extension of slave territory was so quietly done, notwithstanding the anti-slavery agitation of the times, and the great debat