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Ulysses S. Grant (search for this): chapter 1.39
lly and lavishly spent in the Old Dominion. Grant was summoned from his successes in the West, athe entrenchments and acted on the defensive. Grant massed his army for the assault. Up to this ted the enormous preponderance of the enemy. Grant made three desperate assaults on Lee's works; had been the Confederate fire that in one hour Grant's losses had amounted to more than 13,000, whi of but 1,200 upon Lee. History records General Grant as a man of great determination and tenacis behind the defenses, his army about 49,000. Grant was to attack with 140,000 men. He hurled his year later, on a balmy day in early May, 1864, Grant broke camp at Culpeper with the finest army event to the eye of the most ordinary soldier in Grant's army that his commander had blundered. Henot waiting to be attacked, moved at once upon Grant's battle line and for three days fiercely assasary's plans and moved parallel to him, and as Grant changed from flank to front and moved forward,
George B. McClellan (search for this): chapter 1.39
on was contended, demonstrated its value. After McClellan had been paralyzed before Richmond, a year later, days of battle, defeated Pope's army, which, with McClellan's reinforcements, numbered 120,000, and forced the in American annals. In the late spring of 1862 McClellan environed Richmond with an army of 115,000 men. Hifederate fortifications announced the assault upon McClellan's lines, the brunt of the attack was upon his righed like water, but as long as this point held out, McClellan maintained his right in tact. Jackson sent impeans finally carried the fort by storm, and doubled McClellan's right back upon his centre. Successively, MecSavage Station, and White Oak Swamp were torn from McClellan's group, and these names blazoned in martial glory upon the star crossed flag, while McClellan's beaten army sought protection under the guns of the Federal fleeitions were reversed. In the battles of Richmond, McClellan's army numbered 115,102 men, and, in this engageme
er? The spring of 1863 found Lee's army at Fredericksburg watching his powerful antagonist across the Rappahannock. Longstreet had been detached for service near Suffolk, and the Army of Northern Virginia thus weakened. Hooker had succeeded Burnside in command of the Army of the Potomac. New hopes inspired the Federal army. Hooker was jubilant; he announced to the world the finest army on the planet was about to exterminate its enemies. So sure was he of this, he dispatched to General Hallock at Washington: The rebel army is now the legitimate property of the Army of the Potomac. Rejecting Burnside's plan of direct assault, he divided his army of 132,000 men; 40,000 under Sedgwick crossed the Rappahannock on pontoons below Fredericksburg and threatened Lee's right; with the remainder Hooker crossed the upper fords and menaced the Confederate left. Lee's army numbered 57,117. Matters to others than his master mind would have seemed gravely critical. Leaving Early w
s gave the Federal commander a strong position. The fords were unavailable, and Pope held the key to the situation. But the genius of Lee could not be neutralizedappahannock. He sent the energetic and phenomenal Jackson to secure Manassas in Pope's rear. Silently and steadily the Stonewall corps tramped by a circuitous rouo the extent of Jackson's ability, the excess given to the flames. He knew that Pope would resent this poaching upon his preserves, so after applying the torch he mohis spurs. He wanted elbow room, space to manoeuvre, and as he had to call upon Pope, he determined to select his own battle-ground. The desperate battles of the 28th, 29th and 30th of August testify of Pope's anxiety to retain and Lee's determination to wrest from him this stragetic point. Forty-nine thousand and seventy-seven worn but superb Confederates, after days of battle, defeated Pope's army, which, with McClellan's reinforcements, numbered 120,000, and forced them back into the
Jubal Early (search for this): chapter 1.39
low Fredericksburg and threatened Lee's right; with the remainder Hooker crossed the upper fords and menaced the Confederate left. Lee's army numbered 57,117. Matters to others than his master mind would have seemed gravely critical. Leaving Early with 9,000 muskets to hold his works behind Fredericksburg, with the remainder he moved out to give battle to Hooker. Before developing the Federal battle line, for the protection of his flank and rear, he detached Wilcox with 6,000 men to guaons, Ewell burst through the gaps of the Blue mountains, and suddenly swooping down upon the little city, threw Milroy and the remnant of his garrison across the Potomac. After Gettysburg, Winchester again fell to the Federal occupation. General Jubal Early once again wrested it from the troops of the United States and again forced back, Federal occupation followed, and once more partial success almost put it again in his possession. Thence to the close of the war, it remained in possession
and the government assigned him this terrible task. Unlimited resources were placed at his disposal; when he broke camp early in May, 1864, 141, 160 splendidly equipped and veteran soldiers followed his standard. Against this host Lee could oppose but 52,625 ill-fed and poorly-clad, yet superb troops. Then followed the Spotsylvania, the North Anna, written in the blood of thousands of brave men. A month of almost incessant battle followed, the two armies gravitating toward Richmond. In June, in the course of these side movements, Cold Harbor was again reached, but circumstances and positions reversed. Lee now held the entrenchments and acted on the defensive. Grant massed his army for the assault. Up to this time the genius of the great Confederate commander had everywhere matched the enormous preponderance of the enemy. Grant made three desperate assaults on Lee's works; the attack was made in the forenoon. Each attack was repelled with appalling slaughter. So terrific
Strategic points. Their value in the war between the States, 1861-1861, and how fiercely they were fought for. In reasoning from cause to effect we must not conclude that accident was the reason why great battles were more than once fought o1861, and how fiercely they were fought for. In reasoning from cause to effect we must not conclude that accident was the reason why great battles were more than once fought over the same fields during the great civil war in this country. Examining carefully for the cause, we arrive at the conclusion that such points must have had within them some special value, and an analysis of this, deducts the conclusion that thesDrainesville, Fairfax and Wolf Run Shoals, to Acquia creek, with reserves at Centreville. This was in the early summer of 1861. McDowell was organizing the Grand Army around a splendid nucleus of regulars. This army was not for the defence of Wa troops engaged, Winchester, in the lower Valley, became conspicuous in Confederate annals as a strategic point. Early in 1861 Johnston recognized its value and so held it. Later Jackson made a vigorous attack on Shields at Kernstown for its recover
n. Thus the stragetic value of Manassas, drinking to satiety the blood of brave men, assumed conspicuous prominence in American annals. In the late spring of 1862 McClellan environed Richmond with an army of 115,000 men. His immense works are monuments to his genius as an engineer. Of the points fortified by him Cold Harbor its recovery, but for paucity of numbers and exhaustion of his troops from rapid and severe marching would have wrested it from Federal grasp. In the spring of 1862 this same Stonewall made a sudden rush upon Banks and drove him from the town and across the Potomac. So greatly did the Federal government appreciate its worth ters for Federal occupation of the Valley district, and again after Second Manassas was evacuated. On the retirement of Lee's army to Fredericksburg in the fall of 1862, again the town became the Federal headquarters for that section of Virginia. After Chancellorsville, in the order of Lee's combinations, Ewell burst through the
's forces were 69,762, and in this, as in others of the Richmond battles, were the aggressors, yet he wrested this stronghold by one of the most daring assaults history records. In the second battle of Cold Harbor conditions were reversed— Lee was behind the defenses, his army about 49,000. Grant was to attack with 140,000 men. He hurled his immense weight upon Lee, but with no effect, except to destroy his men. This leads up to the inquiry, Was either the better soldier? The spring of 1863 found Lee's army at Fredericksburg watching his powerful antagonist across the Rappahannock. Longstreet had been detached for service near Suffolk, and the Army of Northern Virginia thus weakened. Hooker had succeeded Burnside in command of the Army of the Potomac. New hopes inspired the Federal army. Hooker was jubilant; he announced to the world the finest army on the planet was about to exterminate its enemies. So sure was he of this, he dispatched to General Hallock at Washington:
May, 1864 AD (search for this): chapter 1.39
d blood so liberally and lavishly spent in the Old Dominion. Grant was summoned from his successes in the West, and the government assigned him this terrible task. Unlimited resources were placed at his disposal; when he broke camp early in May, 1864, 141, 160 splendidly equipped and veteran soldiers followed his standard. Against this host Lee could oppose but 52,625 ill-fed and poorly-clad, yet superb troops. Then followed the Spotsylvania, the North Anna, written in the blood of thoudetails are too volumnious. The world knows of Hooker's terrible punishment and defeat. How Lee, with one-third of Hooker's forces, crushed the Federal army and threw it beyond the Rappahannock. Just one year later, on a balmy day in early May, 1864, Grant broke camp at Culpeper with the finest army ever organized upon the Western Continent. Without hinderance he placed 141,160 soldiers on the south bank of the Rapidan, and threw himself across Lee's road to Richmond. It must have been
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