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Robert Edward Lee (search for this): chapter 1.22
direction of Gettysburg via Heidlersburg, where you will have a turnpike most of the way, and you can thus join your divisions to Early's, which is east of the mountains. I think it preferable to keep on the east side of the mountains. * * * * R. E. Lee, General. I do not think this feature—the first order mentioned in the above for Ewell to retire from Carlisle on Chambersburg—has ever been noticed by historians. General Ewell, having no good reason against it, on receipt of this order ang our army on the east side of the mountains. Accordingly, Longstreet and Hill were directed to proceed from Chambersburg to Gettysburg, to which point General Ewell was also instructed to march from Carlisle. * * * Respectfully submitted, R. E. Lee, General. Moving in unison. This formal statement by General Lee made at the time, together with various orders and movements detailed in the foregoing, all compiled from official and perfectly reliable sources, determine conclusivel
Edward Johnson (search for this): chapter 1.22
is totally inconsistent with this theory of accident in the concentration at Gettysburg. On the 28th of June General Early's Division of Ewell's Corps was in the vicinity of York, some thirty miles east of Gettysburg; the divisions of Generals Edward Johnson and Rodes were at or near Carlisle, about thirty miles directly north of that town, while Heth's and Pender's and the other divisions of the army were in and about Chambersburg, nearly thirty miles to the westward. Thus Early and Heth wre—the first order mentioned in the above for Ewell to retire from Carlisle on Chambersburg—has ever been noticed by historians. General Ewell, having no good reason against it, on receipt of this order at once headed the divisions of Rodes and Johnson towards Gettysburg. General Early, at page 467, Part 2, Volume XXVII, War Records, notes the receipt at York, through General Ewell, of a copy of the foregoing order of General Lee, with verbal instructions to move back, and began his march tow
by General Heth himself, is that his division, the advance of General A. P. Hill's Corps, moving from Chambersburg, along the Cashtown pike, bthe main force near Cashtown. Thereupon, with the approval of General Hill, Heth concluded to lead his entire division to Gettysburg the newas killed and Heth wounded very early in this terrific combat. General Hill ordered forward Pender's Division to the support of Heth, who hag, to join the other divisions at daylight on the 30th. On the 28th Hill's Corps, from the vicinity of Chambersburg, had stretched out on the town of Fayetteville, about eight miles east of Chambersburg. General Hill reports that he was directed to co-operate with Ewell, and, accoeports that he received orders at Chambersburg on the 29th to follow Hill and encamp at Greenwood. Meanwhile the advancing Federals, movingarmy on the east side of the mountains. Accordingly, Longstreet and Hill were directed to proceed from Chambersburg to Gettysburg, to which p
J. Johnston Pettigrew (search for this): chapter 1.22
y of shoes could be obtained in the town of Gettysburg, a few miles further down the pike, General Pettigrew, one of Heth's brigade commanders, asked permission to march into the village and secure tto do, there being no suspicion that the Federals were anywhere in the vicinity. But when General Pettigrew arrived before Gettysburg he unexpectedly found himself confronted by considerable Federal force, with artillery. This was General John Buford's Cavalry Division, but Pettigrew appears to have mistaken it for an infantry force. Not desiring to assume the responsibility of precipitating an engagement without orders, Pettigrew quickly fell back on the main force near Cashtown. Thereupon, with the approval of General Hill, Heth concluded to lead his entire division to Gettysburg th events go, he tells the literal truth. He is only mistaken in his conclusions. We know that Pettigrew did go down after the shoes, and returned empty-handed; we know that Heth advanced the next mo
ting story connected with the advance of General Harry Heth's Division, which story has gone the rouderals, who were also there by accident. General Heth's story. The story, as told me by Generaurther down the pike, General Pettigrew, one of Heth's brigade commanders, asked permission to march Thereupon, with the approval of General Hill, Heth concluded to lead his entire division to Gettysall militia force. Accordingly the movement of Heth's Division was initiated early on the morning onity of Gettysburg by nightfall of the 1st. General Heth is very earnest in his conviction that his shoes, and returned empty-handed; we know that Heth advanced the next morning with his whole divisin the pursuit of that purpose; and we know that Heth precipitated the battle. But he and all othersthirty miles directly north of that town, while Heth's and Pender's and the other divisions of the aEwell, and, accordingly, on the 29th, moved General Heth's Division to Cashtown, some eight miles fr[7 more...]
John Buford (search for this): chapter 1.22
ity. But when General Pettigrew arrived before Gettysburg he unexpectedly found himself confronted by considerable Federal force, with artillery. This was General John Buford's Cavalry Division, but Pettigrew appears to have mistaken it for an infantry force. Not desiring to assume the responsibility of precipitating an engagemerdingly the movement of Heth's Division was initiated early on the morning of the 1st; but instead of meeting irregular militia, Heth at once came in contact with Buford's Cavalry, deployed in front of Gettysburg, and covering the road from Cashtown, which he stubbornly defended, compelling the Confederates to deploy into line and advance with caution. Buford was soon relieved by the Union First corps of infantry, under General John F. Reynolds, and a murderous battle ensued, in which both sides lost several thousand men killed and wounded. Reynolds was killed and Heth wounded very early in this terrific combat. General Hill ordered forward Pender's Div
applied. It was in no wise the result of chance, at least, in respect of the Confederate preliminary movements. Finally, in his various letters and reports concerning the Gettysburg campaign, General Lee several times alludes to his conclusion and the reason as well as the order for this concentration at Gettysburg. I make the following extract from his official report, found at page 305, Part 2, Volume XXVII, War Records.: headquarters army of Northern Virginia, July 31, 1863. General S. Cooper, Adjutant and Inspector-General, Richmond, Va.: General,—* * * Preparations were now made to advance upon Harrisburg, but upon the night of the 28th information was received from a scout that the Federal army, having crossed the Potomac, was advancing northward, and that the head of the column had reached the South mountain. As our communications with the Potomac were thus menaced, it was resolved to prevent his further progress in that direction by concentrating our army on the ea
R. S. Ewell (search for this): chapter 1.22
rg. On the 28th of June General Early's Division of Ewell's Corps was in the vicinity of York, some thirty milmation that General Lee's first impulse was to bring Ewell back and concentrate at Chambersburg, west of the mon and Baltimore, as well. He thereupon sent to General Ewell, at Carlisle, the following order, found on page Virginia, Chambersburg, June 28, 1863. Lieutenant-General R. S. Ewell, Commanding Corps. General,—I wrote s feature—the first order mentioned in the above for Ewell to retire from Carlisle on Chambersburg—has ever been noticed by historians. General Ewell, having no good reason against it, on receipt of this order at once hea War Records, notes the receipt at York, through General Ewell, of a copy of the foregoing order of General LeeHill reports that he was directed to co-operate with Ewell, and, accordingly, on the 29th, moved General Heth's from Chambersburg to Gettysburg, to which point General Ewell was also instructed to march from Carlisle. * * <
John Howard (search for this): chapter 1.22
nce with caution. Buford was soon relieved by the Union First corps of infantry, under General John F. Reynolds, and a murderous battle ensued, in which both sides lost several thousand men killed and wounded. Reynolds was killed and Heth wounded very early in this terrific combat. General Hill ordered forward Pender's Division to the support of Heth, who had been roughly handled, and later Rodes's and Early's Divisions came up, while the Union force was augmented by the timely arrival of Howard's Eleventh Corps. And thus the Battle of Gettysburg began. Earnest in his conviction. This is General Heth's version of the concentration. In short, that General Lee was compelled by his fight to send forward first one division, then another, until, finally, the entire army was brought to the vicinity of Gettysburg by nightfall of the 1st. General Heth is very earnest in his conviction that his chance effort to capture some shoes for his troops resulted in bringing on the greatest
a contest with the Union First and Eleventh corps. There can be no other conclusion than that they and the rest of the Confederate army had been moving toward one common centre, under the impulse of a single mind previously given. But it is hardly necessary to argue the point to dispose of this question. There can be no dispute about it; it is settled by General Lee himself beyond all controversy, and it is surprising that his statements have been so long overlooked. In the last days of June a scout of General Longstreet's, who had passed through Washington, and subsequently the Union army, arrived at General Lee's headquarters, in Chambersburg, with the information that Hooker's entire force had crossed the Potomac, and was moving northward, imperilling the Confederate communications with the South. This made necessary the immediate drawing in of the widely-sundered Confederate divisions. Changed his mind. It is evident, on receiving this disturbing information that Gener
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