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Headquarters (Washington, United States) (search for this): chapter 10
wed soon by that of all the others; I know that the men, and indeed the whole South, are impoverished. I will not change the terms of the surrender, General Lee, but I will instruct my officers who receive the paroles to allow the cavalry and artillery men to retain their horses and take them home to work their little farms. Lee again expressed his acknowledgments, and said this kindness would have the best possible effect. He then wrote out his letter of surrender in these words: Headquarters, army of Northern Virginia, April 9, 1865. General: I received your letter of this date containing the terms of the surrender of the army of Northern Virginia, as proposed by you. As they are substantially the same as those expressed in your letter of the 8th instant, they are accepted. I will proceed to designate the proper officers to carry the stipulations into effect. R. E. Lee, General. Lieutenant-General U. S. Grant. While the conditions were being copied the various nation
France (France) (search for this): chapter 10
tely acceded to. During the conversation, Lee spoke of his acquiescence in the result of the war, and declared he had thought at the beginning we were better off as one nation than as two, and, he added, I think so now. I could not resist asking how then he came to serve against the government, and he replied that it was President Lincoln's proclamation calling for troops to coerce the South which decided him to act with his section. He spoke very bitterly of the course of England and France during the war, and said that the South had as much cause to resent it as the North; that England especially had acted from no regard to either portion of the Union, but from a jealousy of the united nation, and a desire to see it fall to pieces. England, he said, had led the Southerners to believe she would assist them, and then deserted them when they most needed aid. When Grant broke camp at City Point on the 29th of March, his chief commissary of subsistence inquired what number of
Richmond (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 10
t their chief at Amelia court-house, which he had appointed for a rendezvous. When these all should come together, Lee would still have more than fifty thousand soldiers, and he is said to have regained his spirits when daylight dawned, and he found himself, as he hoped, on the road to join Johnston's command. I have got my army safely out of its breastworks, he said, and, in order to follow me, my enemy must abandon his lines, and can derive no further benefit from his railroads or the James river. Lee evidently supposed that Grant would attempt to follow the retreating army; and his own design must have been to fall in detail upon the national command, which would necessarily break up into corps and march over different roads. Turning with a concentrated force upon these divided columns, beating them back here and there, he might himself be able to avoid any formidable blow, and effect his junction with Johnston's army. Then, possibly, a long campaign, with the national force
Burksville (Missouri, United States) (search for this): chapter 10
by night without rations Jefferson Davis at Burksville further instructions to Sherman—rebel armief Grant sufferings of enemy Ord arrives at Burksville Read's gallant fight at High bridge-advanceo intercept Lee's army, the second to secure Burksville. I have ordered the railroad to be put in oto Lynchburg with his whole force, and I get Burksville, there will be no special use in your going s two divisions, and will come near reaching Burksville to-day. Amid all the crowding interests a and then advance upon it. My cavalry was at Burksville yesterday, and six miles beyond, on the Danvere, and is going on. He will probably reach Burksville to-night. My Headquarters will be with the abitants, about fifteen miles north-west of Burksville. The Southside railroad crosses the Appomatmed at by both armies. Ord had arrived at Burksville late in the night of the 5th, and before dayuth-west from here. General Ord moves from Burksville at eight A. M. You will strike their column [20 more...]
Tennessee (Tennessee, United States) (search for this): chapter 10
sh up by Prospect station, and will be ready to turn upon the enemy at any time. I will move my Headquarters up by the south bank in the morning. At 9.30 P. M., he instructed Meade to the same effect, and added: The enemy cannot go to Lynchburg, possibly. I think there is no doubt but that Stoneman entered that city this morning. I will move my Headquarters up with the troops in the morning, probably to Prospect station. Stoneman had indeed started, in the last days of March, from East Tennessee, in obedience to the orders of Grant, and was at this time moving against the railroad west of Lynchburg. He had not yet entered the town, but was completing the contracting circle, and threatening the last possible avenue of exit left to Lee. Nearly all this night the Sixth corps was passing through Farmville, and the little town was crowded with an unfamiliar company, cavalry, artillery, and infantry; rebel prisoners, wagon trains, ambulances filled with wounded, officers and men
Dan River (Missouri, United States) (search for this): chapter 10
pediments. He had the wonderful impetus of flight, with the chance of safety and something like success before him as his prize. He, besides, was moving towards supplies, while Grant must leave his base, and rebuild a railroad in order to provision his army. There was every military chance, when Lee fled from Petersburg, that he would succeed in eluding his pursuer. The intention was to take the direction of Danville, and turn to our advantage the good line for resistance offered by the Dan and Staunton rivers. The activity of the Federal cavalry and the want of supplies compelled a different course.—Four Years with General Lee. Accordingly he ordered supplies from Danville to meet him, and by daylight on the 3rd of April his advance was sixteen miles on the road to Amelia. And now came a contest between the wits and genius of the two commanders. For the first time they were pitted against each other, absolutely out. side of works, and in the open field. Lee no longer had
West Point (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 10
nimity. To be allowed not only their lives and liberty, but their swords, had touched them deeply. One said to him in my hearing: General, we have come to congratulate you on having wound us up. I hope, replied Grant, it will be for the good of us all. Then the other national officers took their turn, shaking hands cordially with men whom they had met in many a battle, or with whom they had earlier shared tent or blanket on the Indian trail or the Mexican frontier; with classmates of West Point and sworn friends of boyhood. Some shed tears as they hugged each other after years of separation and strife. Countrymen all they felt themselves now, and not a few of the rebels declared they were glad that the war had ended in the triumph of the nation. Their humility indeed was marked. They felt and said that they had staked all and lost. They inquired if they would be permitted to leave the country, for none dreamed that they would ever regain their property. They spoke of esta
Amelia Court House (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 10
r, as they could, to meet their chief at Amelia court-house, which he had appointed for a rendezvoustood that the enemy will make a stand at Amelia court-house. . . . The first object of present movemre than forty thousand soldiers in and around Amelia. If he had promptly attacked and driven back s a story that Lee had ordered rations sent to Amelia, and that they went on by mistake to Richmond ficer to his mother, and in these words: Amelia court-house, April 5th. Dear Mamma,--Our army is ruht the army of the Potomac moved towards Amelia court-house, the Fifth corps along the Danville raildiscovered that Lee had already withdrawn from Amelia. As Grant and Sheridan had anticipated, the rartisan war. But Lynchburg is sixty miles from Amelia, and at Farmville the Appomattox must be recrole road. As soon as the retreat of Lee from Amelia became a matter of certainty, the direction ofthis programme. The enemy, he said, evacuated Amelia last night or this morning, and are now appare[13 more...]
New Store (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 10
king them in the darkness. The head of the column was therefore halted again. The men were exhausted by fatigue and want of food, and the rear of the column did not get up till morning; while the supply train of two days rations was still later. But as soon as the rations could be issued the Second corps moved forward again; and at eleven o'clock on the 9th, Humphreys came up with the rebel skirmishers about three miles from Appomattox court-house. The Sixth corps marched on the 8th to New Store, seventeen miles, and on the 9th, Wright followed Humphreys to the vicinity of Appomattox, where both commanders were halted by a flag of truce from Lee. From Buffalo river, where he camped, Sheridan, early on the 8th, sent a dispatch to Grant, with information derived from Merritt, who was in the advance: If this is correct, he said, the enemy must have taken the Pine road north of the Appomattox. I will move on Appomattox court-house. Should we not intercept the enemy, and he be fo
Virginia (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 10
aide-de-camp, but as many as twenty national officers shortly followed, among whom were Sheridan, Ord, and the members of Grant's own staff. No rebel entered the room but Lee and Colonel Marshall, who acted as his secretary. The two chiefs shook hands, and Lee at once began a conversation, for he appeared more unembarrassed than his victor. He, as well as his aide-de-camp, was elaborately dressed. Lee wore embroidered gauntlets and a burnished sword, the gift, it was said, of the state of Virginia, while the uniforms of Grant and those who accompanied him were soiled and worn; some had slept in their boots for days, and Grant, when he started for Farmville two days before, had been riding around in camp without a sword. He had not since visited his own Headquarters, and was therefore at this moment without side-arms. The contrast was singular, and Colonel Marshall was asked how it came about that his chief and he were so fine, while the national officers had been unable to kee
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