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Browsing named entities in Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 1. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.).

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ten o'clock; towards half-past 12 the two works had ceased firing; their flags had been lowered; and the defenders of Fort Clark, escaping in small squads, went, without orders, to seek refuge behind the parapets of Hatteras. In the mean time, a portion of the troops which the fleet had brought over effected a landing, notwithstanding the serious difficulties they had to encounter. To accomplish this disembarkation they had only two wooden lighters and three or four iron launches. On the first trip the sea shattered the former and capsized the latter; the men came near being drowned; the ammunition and provisions were soaked with water; and as the swell was rapidly increasing, it soon became necessary to suspend the operation. Three hundred men, with two small howitzers and only a few rounds of ammunition, thus found themselves alone on a hostile shore, separated from the fleet by an impassable barrier of breakers, with the enemy in front, who, being four times stronger than them
their ardent views in all political matters. Consequently, the news of his recall created much excitement among the encampments which surrounded Springfield. But no one ventured to call into question the supreme authority of the President. Among the many expressions of deep regret, not a disloyal word was uttered either by the chief or his soldiers. Those American armies were the offspring of a people too law-abiding for sentiments of that description to find vent. On the evening of the 3d, Hunter not having yet rejoined the army, Fremont, at the request of several officers, made all his arrangements for the battle which, he persisted in thinking, was to be fought on the following day. But his successor having arrived during the night, he left for St. Louis, carrying with him the sympathies of the largest portion of the troops. By an order which may seem to have been too severe, his body-guards were disbanded; that ridiculous appellation proved a misfortune to them, and made pe
he dismissed General Twiggs, who, on the 16th, had surrendered the troops under his command to the insurgents of Texas; and on the 22d he caused the seizure of a cargo of arms in New York, intended for the militia of the South, which had already received vast supplies through the same channel. Such was the situation at the beginning of February. In response to an invitation from Virginia, a Peace Congress composed of official delegates from twenty-one States assembled at Washington on the 4th, under the direction of a former President of the republic, Mr. Tyler. This assembly would have exercised a large influence, if conciliation had been practicable; but a simple coincidence of dates demonstrated, by a striking contrast, the uselessness of its efforts. On the very day when it began its labors, the delegates from the rebel States were assembling at Montgomery to seal their alliance by the formation of a new Confederacy. While the pacificators were wasting time in useless spee
n obliged to establish small posts en echelon along the most important points of his line. It was by this line that Van Dorn desired to attack and take the Federal positions in rear, thus reversing the order of the two armies and placing them in the position of two combatants in the lists who had changed places. He calculated that his numerical superiority would enable him to remain longer in that difficult position than his adversary. Consequently, after leaving Boston Mountains on the 4th; and having occupied on the 6th the village of Cross Hollows, which the Federals had just evacuated in great haste, he suddenly changed his route, and marched to the northwest, upon Bentonville, on the same day. One of his columns met there the rear-guard of the small corps of Sigel, which, having been called back by Curtis, was retiring towards Pea Ridge. A brisk engagement immediately took place. The Confederates eagerly attacked the Federal general, who had only six hundred men with him.
march in the hope of yet surprising Lyon near Dug Springs. But in spite of all their speed the Confederates could not come up to him, and on the following day, the 5th, McCulloch was obliged to halt his wearied soldiers on the banks of Wilson's Creek, about sixteen kilometres from Springfield, near to the post-road. The supply-tris River, in Missouri. Grant despatched Colonel Oglesby with four regiments, also numbering about three thousand men, to look for it in that direction. But on the 5th, he received new instructions, directing him to make a demonstration against Belmont, a landing-place situated opposite Columbus, in order to prevent the garrison o the large vessels had to pass. On that same evening all the smaller vessels and a portion of the transport-ships followed in her track. On the following day, the 5th, while some vessels were drawing the fire of the enemy's batteries to compel them to show their strength, the rest of the fleet entered in turn, and took a position
e below Belmont, so as to threaten that position, against which he was himself preparing to operate directly. The attack was fixed for the 7th of November. On the 6th, Grant embarked upon three transport-ships, with five regiments of infantry, one of cavalry, and a section of artillery, three thousand one hundred and fourteen menaries in a state of uncertainty as to which side of the river he would select for landing. In order to deceive them a little longer, he stopped, the evening of the 6th, on the left bank; and on the morning of the 7th, his transport-ships were moored to the right bank at a place called Hunter's Landing, situated above Columbus, eig was such that Sherman's troops could not be landed until those works had been reduced; the fleet alone was called upon to play an active part. It was ready on the 6th, but the stormy weather rendered it necessary to postpone the attack till the following day. The morning of the 7th was calm and radiant, and admirably calculate
ps. The plan determined upon between the leaders was explained by each of them to all his subordinates, for it was easy to foresee that in a battle fought in the extensive forest it would be impossible to direct the movements of troops from a central point. This plan was simple; its object was to attack the enemy constantly by the right, so as to dislodge him from Pittsburg Landing and drive him into the angle comprised between the Tennessee and the marshes of Snake Creek. On Sunday, the 6th, Hardee started before break of day. The first Confederate line, to avoid the deep ravines which run into Lick Creek and Owl Creek on the right and left of the Corinth roads, followed the plateau upon which these roads run, and which separates the valleys of those two streams, and over which those roads pass. It was precisely at this central point that the Federal line was left open between the left of Sherman, which did not extend beyond the church of Shiloh, and the right of Prentiss, whos
e upon both sides of the river, one from Bird's Point and the other from Fort Holt, but they were undertaken by such small parties, obliged to stop at a distance so remote from the enemy, that they were without results. Pursuing his course on the Mississippi, Grant left his adversaries in a state of uncertainty as to which side of the river he would select for landing. In order to deceive them a little longer, he stopped, the evening of the 6th, on the left bank; and on the morning of the 7th, his transport-ships were moored to the right bank at a place called Hunter's Landing, situated above Columbus, eight kilometres by water, but only five in a direct line, for between these two points the river makes an elbow to eastward, which makes the distance greater. The woods surrounding Belmont were so situated as to keep the point which Grant had selected for landing out of sight of the batteries of Columbus. Around this point there were a few cultivated fields; then, on nearing Bel
ions, rivers, and territories from their opponents. Johnston and Beauregard, whatever may have been their individual share in this new idea, put into practice at Shiloh an entirely new plan, and their efforts were solely directed to the destruction of the enemy's army. If this well-conceived plan had not been frustrated by the arrival of Buell, the results of their victory would have demonstrated the correctness of their calculations. Grant, having only his own forces to depend upon on the 7th, would have been crushed; Van Dorn, arriving a few days later, would have enabled the Confederate army to make Buell pay dear for his hazardous march from Nashville to Savannah. The armies of invasion once dispersed, ten new fortifications as strong as Donelson or Columbus might have been erected along the line of the rivers, which would have closed their navigation against the Federal gun-boats; the positions conquered by the North after so many efforts would have fallen of themselves, and
fter having been for two consecutive days on the march, were too tired for him to take advantage of the two hours of daylight which yet remained when the battle was brought to a close, halted them on the field of battle. On the following day, the 8th, Sherman made a simple demonstration, during which one of his regiments was furiously charged and driven in by the enemy's cavalry, a novel feature in this war. His troops were also too much exhausted to engage in a serious pursuit. It seems thatmed, the Patrick Henry with six guns, the Jamestown with two, and each of the other three with one. This flotilla had descended the James River, and passing off Newport News during the night stood in for the Virginia, which, on the morning of the 8th, was coming out of the port of Norfolk, near Nansemond River, under the command of Captain Buchanan. At one o'clock in the afternoon the lookout on the Congress discovered the Confederate steamers descending with the tide towards Newport News;
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