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Browsing named entities in Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 1. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.).

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ew Congress had been convened for the 4th, and at the time it was assembling, the volunteers who had responded to Mr. Lincoln's calls already numbered 300,000 men. Throughout the Northern States regiments were being recruited and organized. A military ardor had seized all minds. Before taking a survey of these soldiers at their work, we propose to show, in the following chapter, what were the predominant characteristics of the movement which improvised the Federal armies. Chapter 10: Zzz The Federal volunteers. IN one of his poetic visions, the Prophet Ezekiel describes a plain, deserted and silent, on which lie innumerable scattered and dry bones. At the sound of his voice those shapeless remains come spontaneously together; the skeletons resume their forms and are covered anew with flesh; finally, a divine word from the lips of the inspired spectator restores them to life; and that wilderness, till then shrouded in the darkness of death, becomes peopled with an animate
Zollicoffer (search for this): chapter 6
, Kentucky, Virginia, and Tennessee. General Zollicoffer had been sent to Knoxville by the Confeas the opportunity offered. In the centre, Zollicoffer only occupied East Tennessee, but was prepand. During this time, as we have stated, Zollicoffer was preparing to defend Eastern Tennessee b ravines. After one month of inactivity, Zollicoffer made an attempt to surprise the Federal came battery, about three thousand men in all, Zollicoffer only arrived in front of the Federal positi apprised of the approach of the enemy. If Zollicoffer had attacked him on the 20th, he would problt perfectly prepared. Towards two o'clock Zollicoffer renewed the attack on their right, and the ll defended, before an imaginary foe. While Zollicoffer was quietly resting in the valley of the Cutrenched camp. In that position he covered Zollicoffer to the eastward, who had taken position in to make a threatening demonstration against Zollicoffer on the borders of the Cumberland. McCook, [1 more...]
Zollicoffer (search for this): chapter 7
operations were possible in that region. It was some time after the check he had experienced at Wild Cat camp, that Zollicoffer, leaving Barboursville, had proceeded to occupy the important position of Mill Spring. Mr. Davis, although displeased enden resolved to forestall the movements of his adversary. He started for Logan Cross-roads with the two brigades of Zollicoffer and Carroll and a battery of artillery, forming all together an effective force of from five to six thousand. He was the first fire of the Confederates; its left rested upon a hill whose summit was opened and exposed, and towards which Zollicoffer, who led his brigade valiantly, directed all his efforts. It was on the point of being carried; but the brigade of Caal changed the aspect of the fight; the belligerents came to close quarters, and in the midst of the melee Fry met General Zollicoffer, whom he shot dead on the spot with his pistol. On seeing their commander fall the Confederates became disconcert
wed the Bolivar road on its way to Springfield. On the 24th Fremont reached the borders of Pomme de Terre River, eighty kilometres from that city; and he sent Major Zagonyi, an old Hungarian officer, at the head of two squadrons called bodyguards, with one hundred and fifty skirmishers, to make a reconnaissance. On the afternoon of the 25th Zagonyi came in sight of Springfield. Up to this time he had only met a few isolated partisans, and expected to find that city garrisoned by a few hundred men, whom he hoped to surprise, when he learned that it was occupied by nearly two thousand of the Confederates. Although his force only consists of the two squadro country, to fight with the rifle. They are not allowed time to execute their intentions, and the onset of the little Federal band disperses them in an instant. Zagonyi pursues them into the town, which the Confederates abandon in haste; he halts to free a certain number of Union soldiers whom he found there; but fearing lest he
-field of his own choosing and haunted by sad memories? Such, from the end of 1861, were the reflections of General McClellan. His attention had been directed to the facilities afforded by the numerous steamers which ploughed the large American rivers for the transportation of troops for a short time, and by the peculiar conformation of the Virginia coast for the debarkation of an army. We have already mentioned that south of the Potomac three deep bays, known by the names of Rappahannock, York, and James River, empty into the Chesapeake, a vast inland sea, which runs parallel with the Atlantic to a distance of nearly two hundred and fifty miles. These estuaries are separated by long peninsulas very favorable for landing: the army which makes one of those peninsulas the base of operations can rest its two flanks upon arms of the sea which ensure for it the protection of the navy. General McClellan conceived the idea of embarking all the available portion of the army of the Potomac
re to make up for their want of experience. The Monitor was commanded by Lieutenant Worden; the Merrimac, which had just been named the Virginia, by Captain Buchana the James, the booming of cannon at Newport News apprised her commander, Lieutenant Worden, that a naval battle was being fought in those waters. Suspecting the dapilot, who informed him of the disaster that had just occurred. For all answer Worden quietly requested him to take his vessel straight against the Virginia. The unfreposterous. In the mean time, night had come. As soon as he had cast anchor, Worden, taking upon himself the responsibility of violating the letter of his instructe engineers of the Monitor. For his two guns of twenty-nine centimetres calibre Worden had shells weighing seventy-two kilogrammes, cast-iron balls weighing eighty-fothe enemy's balls strikes against the small observatory within shelter of which Worden is directing his vessel. This was a square box composed of iron ingots thirtyt
f cannon, and on the following day the victors entered Chihuahua. But in this town Doniphan received news which rendered his position singularly perilous. General Wool, who had left Texas with a considerable force for the purpose of joining him, had failed to make his appearance. A mountain too steep for his train, the existlor on the lower Rio Grande. That general, weakened by the departure of his best troops for Vera Cruz, and himself greatly exposed, had detained him at Saltillo. Wool thus found himself at more than one hundred and fifty leagues from Doniphan, and utterly unable to effect a junction with him. Isolated in a town of twenty-six prepared for the new hardships they would have some time to encounter. At last, one day some bold troopers who had succeeded in reaching the headquarters of General Wool brought back an order to rejoin the army of occupation at Saltillo. The column took up once more the line of march, leaving behind it the town of Chihuahua, w
ocrats in opposition to that of Peace Democrats. Their motto was the support of the Union, pure and simple. On the 20th of April, when tidings of the Baltimore riots were received, the leaders of the party—Messrs. Dix, Baker, and others, who were to become distinguished in the war—held a massmeeting in New York for the purpose of asserting their fidelity to the Constitution, and of imparting thereby a truly national character to the efforts of the North in its defence. On the same day General Wool, who was in command of all the Federal troops west of the Mississippi, being without instructions from Washington, took the responsibility of forwarding to the capital, by passing round Baltimore, all the forces already organized he could dispose of. The way was opened by a Massachusetts general—Mr. Butler, one of the most distinguished men in the Democratic party; at the head of a few troops from his own State, he embarked on the Susquehanna River, proceeded down Chesapeake Bay, and came<
shington government decided to send a combined expedition to destroy these works and to obstruct the Hatteras Inlet by sinking a few old hulks in it. To accomplish this object the frigate Minnesota, the sloops-of-war Wabash and Pawnee, and the advice-boat Harriet Lane repaired to Newport News, under command of Commodore Stringham. These vessels were to be joined by the frigate Susquehanna and the sailing sloopof-war Cumberland. At the same time, General Butler, who had been superseded by General Wool, but who still retained command of the forces encamped at Newport News, embarked with nine hundred men on two large steamers and an advice-boat. The combined squadron got under way on the 26th of August, and on the following day anchored in deep water in sight of Hatteras Inlet. Operations commenced on the morning of the 28th; while the fleet was bombarding Fort Clark preparations were hastened for landing. The heavy naval artillery soon established its superiority over the five guns
lare upon the tranquil waters of Newport News, while her guns, which were still loaded, went off in proportion as the flames reached them; their fire, which no gunner had directed, resounded like a funeral knell amid the silence of the night. At midnight she blew up with a terrific crash, and everything was again enveloped in darkness. But this mournful sight did not for an instant divert the Federals from their work of restoring the glacis of Fort Monroe to a proper condition; for old General Wool, who commanded that place, was of the opinion, and not without reason, that the Federal fleet would henceforth be unable to protect it. While the telegraph was spreading throughout the Union a degree of anxiety which it would be impossible to conceive without having witnessed it, day had dawned upon the waters that had been the scene of the previous day's battle, and at six o'clock the Virginia left her anchorage at Craney Island. Her sides had been greased in order to facilitate the
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