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Browsing named entities in a specific section of Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 2. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.). Search the whole document.

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nd the Federal gunboats, the support of the land-forces was necessary. On the 19th of May, Commodore Goldsborough had a conference with General McClellan regarding the means to be employed for removing that obstacle. The headquarters were at Tunstall's station, on the railway from West Point and Richmond. The whole army was placed en echelon within reach of this road, between the Pamunky and the Chickahominy. The latter river had been struck at Bottom's Bridge, over which the old mail routorps to be avoided, and the magazines which might be destroyed. Two boats on the Pamunky were burned, but Stuart dared not go as far as the White House, notwithstanding the temptation which so rich a prize offered him. He struck the railroad at Tunstall's station; and after putting a small Federal outpost to flight, he went into ambuscade in order to capture the first train which might happen to pass by. An instant after, a train of cars loaded with sick and wounded, bound for the White House,
arm, thus leaving his right entirely unprotected (en l'air), and opening a vast space in the Federal line in front of the Trent house, precisely at the point upon which Jackson's heads of column could not fail to emerge. The Union generals, however, had quickly perceived this danger. Franklin had brought Smith back nearer to Savage station, in order to close up the Federal line. On being informed of this movement, Sumner finally determined to fall back likewise upon the position, of which Savage is the centre; and assuming command of the five divisions which were about to assemble at this point, he resolved to defend it to the utmost, agreeably to McClellan's orders. Heintzelman, who with his army corps formed the Federal left, had received formal orders to halt at a short distance from the station and not to continue the retreat until dark; but instead of complying with these instructions, he proceeded with his two divisions in the direction of White Oak Swamp. McClellan had de
er, that the chances were greatly in his favor. Huger had made his appearance after the battle, and Generals Holmes and Ripley had just arrived in Richmond from North Carolina with eight thousand men. This timely reinforcement would perhaps permit their success of May 31st. He complains, moreover, of not having been informed beforehand of the approach of Holmes and Ripley, whose arrival he would have waited for before giving battle, if he had known of their being so near. As General Johnstovent zeal which animated them was doubtful of success. Pender's brigade, of A. P. Hill's division, reinforced by that of Ripley, attempted to cross the Beaver-dam at Ellyson's Mills, while a strong demonstration was made on the left upon the Bethesdlley drove it back in disorder upon the rest of the column engaged in this demonstration. At Ellyson's Mills, Pender and Ripley, after witnessing the destruction of one half of their brigades, without being even able to reach the enemy, were obliged
bility that the tide of war would flow in that direction. The column therefore proceeded somewhat at random. At last two of Huger's brigades emerged from the woods on Anderson's right. The third, Armistead's, which was to have commenced the attack, followed Magruder. The latter, pushing his heads of column forward as fast as the thick underwood which he had to clear right and left from his path permitted, arrived about four o'clock in front of Porter's positions, and immediately placed Purcell's guns in battery, the only field-pieces that had been able to follow him. But the Confederate artillerists have scarcely shown themselves when they are crushed by the fire from Porter's powerful guns. Despite their stubbornness, their pieces are speedily dismounted or reduced to silence. Another battery, called the Letcher Artillery, which has come up to their assistance, has also most of its cannoneers killed or wounded in a short space of time. Magruder, whom no obstacle can dismay, t
der issued before the battle, directing the evacuation of this position during the night of the 1st and 2d of July. The place he had designated as the quarters for the army near his new base was Harrison's Landing, formerly the property of President Harrison, situated twelve kilometres lower down in a direct line. Whilst the convoy, which had resumed its march since the evening of the 30th, was approaching the Harrison plantation by roads which, at times, had to be cleared with the axe, and wal's. Porter, who was the last to leave, covering its march with a regiment of cavalry and the brigade of regulars, only reached this point on the morning of the 2d. At Haxall's he passed Peck's division, which, after having prepared the road to Harrison, formed the rear-guard of the whole army, under the chief command of General Keyes, who had several regiments of cavalry to protect this march. The heat of the preceding days had been followed by torrents of rain; and if it proved an obstacle t
rs of an army concealed by the forest; and General Keyes, commanding a column of more than twenty-fdivision was arriving from Seven Pines, led by Keyes, who had been informed somewhat late of the seOak Swamp, despatched Kearny to the support of Keyes, and notified McClellan, who immediately ordewounded, one hundred and fifty-five prisoners; Keyes, four hundred and forty-eight killed, one thouextended from the railway to White Oak swamp. Keyes, who had been held in reserve since the battlesing Heintzelman's corps; at the extreme left, Keyes, with the divisions of Couch and Peck, guardinzier's Farm had been reopened toward noon, and Keyes with his two divisions had encamped at Glendald ought to have noticed the direction in which Keyes had been marching since the 28th. He did not,the whole army, under the chief command of General Keyes, who had several regiments of cavalry to pto attack them, while Stuart, who had followed Keyes with several batteries of horse artillery, con[15 more...]
artillery, left Richmond under command of General Stuart. Its destination was a profound secret. -house, as if on his way to reinforce Jackson, Stuart encamped in the evening at the railway-bridge re dispersed; and proceeding down the Pamunky, Stuart led his brigade as far as Old Church, at an un from the place. Two hours more of delay, and Stuart would have lost his only chance of retreat; it their artillery over this fragile structure. Stuart had thus baffled all pursuit, and resumed his Federal cavalry had been started in pursuit of Stuart. As soon as he was known to be at Tunstall, Mt a line as possible, preceded by the whole of Stuart's cavalry, he started on his march; he expectee direction of Williamsburg. It was only when Stuart, who had followed Stoneman step by step with htake; the whole precious day had been wasted. Stuart's cavalry, which might so effectually have harals. He did not venture to attack them, while Stuart, who had followed Keyes with several batteries[11 more...]
Heintzelmann (search for this): chapter 1
the immense materiel which generally follows such an army, leaving nothing behind them except nine stranded lighters and eight drowned mules. McClellan had not waited for the end of this operation to take the field. Out of the one hundred thousand men, or thereabouts, he was to have under his command, This was the status of the Army April 1, 1862: Present for active service.On special service or on sick list.Absent.Total. Second corps, Sumner26,7781,1293,13031,037 Third corps, Heintzelmann33,0472,7953,01038,852 Fourth corps, Keyes32,9241,8743,11237,910 Regular infantry3,9052376234,765 Regular cavalry2,0011703703,141 Reserve artillery2,7311752103,116 Of different corps910731611,144 —————— Total102,8966,45310,616119,965he found on the day of his arrival fifty-eight thousand, accompanied with one hundred cannon, in a condition to march. The remainder had either not landed or were without the necessary transportation to take part in a forward movement. Many teams
Winchester (search for this): chapter 1
from Manassas Junction, we find that it crosses the Blue Ridge at Manassas Gap, above Front Royal, descends into the valley, crosses the Shenandoah road, and, ascending the North Fork through Strasburg as far as Woodstock, terminates abruptly at Mount Jackson. It was to have been continued as far as Staunton. This description will enable the reader to understand the importance of the villages of Strasburg and Front Royal, which close up the two outlets of the valley, communicating with Winchester on one side and with Washington on the other, by way of Manassas Gap and the railway. But these were not positions the defence of which could be entrusted to a small force; for Strasburg was approachable on every side, and Front Royal was at too great distance from the encampments of Manassas Junction to be within reach of help, being at the same time commanded by heights which were easy of access. Without taking into consideration the peculiarities of this position, a single regiment, t
nt of one another; McDowell, Geary, Banks and Fremont received their orders direct from Washington.he remainder of his forces, he went to attack Fremont in person, in order to prevent the junction on, after taking possession of Franklin, which Fremont had evacuated to wait for him in the rear of s steps from east to west, to join hands with Fremont at Front Royal, and thus cut off Jackson's reerals was too complicated to succeed. It was Fremont who caused its failure by allowing Jackson to two of his reduced divisions at Front Royal, Fremont, encamped on the neighboring heights of Strasents, turn his retreat into a positive rout. Fremont, who was ascending the valley of the North Fowell, with five thousand men, was waiting for Fremont at Cross Keys, a point of junction of severalering scarcely eight hundred men, in front of Fremont. He had ordered Patton to deploy all his men project he had conceived of marching against Fremont. He recalled Patton's brigade in great haste[18 more...]
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