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Browsing named entities in a specific section of Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 2. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.). Search the whole document.

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Jekyl Island (Georgia, United States) (search for this): chapter 2
nals; the enormous volume of water which the rivers of Georgia discharge into the Atlantic has hollowed several bays, of great extent and depth, in this chain, dividing these islands into many groups. These groups and estuaries, beginning from the Savannah River, are the following: Tybee Island, a bay; then Warsaw Islands, a bay; then the Ossabaw Islands, a bay; then St. Catharine Islands, a bay; then Sapelo Islands, the mouths of the Altamaha; the islands and then the Bay of St. Simon; Jekyll Island, the Bay of St. Andrews; Cumberland Island, the Bay of St. Mary; Amelia Island, upon which stands the little town of Fernandina, terminus of the Cedar Keys Railway; and finally the Bay of Nassau. On the coast of Florida we find only small rivers, for their flow is limited by the breadth of the peninsula, and the soil is, moreover, so flat that the waters find no outlet to the sea. The fertile islands of the coast of Georgia, formed by alluvia, are then succeeded by extensive sand-banks
Baldwin, Fla. (Florida, United States) (search for this): chapter 2
He determined, therefore, to penetrate into the interior, far from all water communication, by following the Meridian and Mobile Railway due south. The town of Baldwin, situated on this line, and that of Greentown, which is near it, were designated as points of concentration to the several corps commanders. On the 26th, the Chio Railway near Booneville on the night of the 29th, and waited in the woods for daylight. On the 30th, at two o'clock in the morning, learning that the town of Baldwin was fortified and well defended, he fell back upon Booneville, of which he took possession. At that very moment Beauregard was quietly evacuating the works arounadvanced posts on this water-course until the 2d of June, for the purpose of rallying the stragglers, while he assembled his several corps in the neighborhood of Baldwin, only fifty kilometres from Corinth; here he remained until the 7th. Pope, reinforced by one of Buell's divisions, started at last in search of the Confederate
Cockspur Island (Georgia, United States) (search for this): chapter 2
nst which the sea breaks almost incessantly, and upon which stands the lighthouse which before the war lighted the entrance of the river. On a line with the northern extremity of the coast, in the middle of the current of the Savannah, there are several sand-banks, formed no doubt by the meeting and collision of the fresh waters with the waves of the Atlantic, upon which time has deposited a thick layer of oozy mud. The largest of these islets, and the nearest to the right bank, called Cockspur Island, had been selected by the American engineers as the site of Fort Pulaski. The foundations of this fort had been laid upon piles sunk, through the mud, to a great depth into the sand. Its form was a rectilinear pentagon, its vertex turned to the east in the direction of the open sea; it was surrounded on four sides by a ditch more than twenty yards in width, full of water and mud; the entrance on the west side was protected by a small demi-lune. The fort was constructed of solid bric
Cumberland Island (Georgia, United States) (search for this): chapter 2
sland, a bay; then Warsaw Islands, a bay; then the Ossabaw Islands, a bay; then St. Catharine Islands, a bay; then Sapelo Islands, the mouths of the Altamaha; the islands and then the Bay of St. Simon; Jekyll Island, the Bay of St. Andrews; Cumberland Island, the Bay of St. Mary; Amelia Island, upon which stands the little town of Fernandina, terminus of the Cedar Keys Railway; and finally the Bay of Nassau. On the coast of Florida we find only small rivers, for their flow is limited by the brby Fort Clinch, a work of considerable strength, built near Fernandina, at the same period and on the same model as Fort Pulaski. But at the news of the approach of the Federals, the Confederate troops had abandoned this part of the coast, Cumberland Island, Fernandina, and even Fort Clinch, whose solid masonry could, however, have enabled its garrison of fifteen hundred men to sustain a long siege. Dupont had only to send a few vessels of light draught to St. Mary's through the inland canals
Ossabaw Sound (Georgia, United States) (search for this): chapter 2
e army of T. W. Sherman, on the coasts of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida during the first six months of 1862. In the preceding volume we gave an account of the battle secured to the Federals the possession of the entire group of the St. Helena islands. During this month, their gun-boats were employed in running into and observing the large bays of which they had taken possession—North Edisto, St. Helena Sound and its branch, South Edisto, the Coosaw, the Broad River, Warsaw and Ossabaw Sounds. The localities of North Edisto, in consequence of its contiguity to Charleston, required particular attention. Reconnaissances were likewise made in the inland channels which connect the Savannah River with the adjoining arms of the sea, in order to complete those we have mentioned above, which had revealed the existence of a navigable communication between the river and Warsaw Sound, by means of which the guns of Fort Pulaski could be avoided. During the early part of January, a bol
Fort Marion (Florida, United States) (search for this): chapter 2
ix light steamers, after having shown itself in the Bay of Nassau, entered St. John's River on the 9th of March. Dupont left it at the entrance of this difficult bay, taking with him the second division, which comprised, besides the sloop Wabash, his largest gun-boats, and on the 11th made his appearance in the Bay of St. Augustine. The Confederate garrison had fled in great haste, but the inhabitants of this small town had not abandoned it. They themselves delivered into Dupont's hands Fort Marion, a permanent work of masonry formerly built like Fort Clinch by the Federal government, which the raw militia of Florida had never dreamed for an instant of defending. Dupont took possession of it on the 12th of March, and found five pieces of cannon there. On the same day Stevens occupied the large village of Jacksonville with as little trouble. He had been detained till the 11th before the bar, which three of his gun-boats found it very difficult to cross. On the morning of the 12
Eastport (Mississippi, United States) (search for this): chapter 2
e arc, the flank of which was constantly exposed to the enemy. This line might possibly have been protected by occupying the flank of the Tennessee in force, at Eastport for instance, where it begins to follow the course of the river; the navigation of the Tennessee, the only way by which the Federals could reach the railroad, wolest details, as well as on the most important occasions, to cut the Chattanooga Railroad east of Corinth. Ascending the Tennessee with the gun-boats as far as Eastport, Sherman proceeded thence in the direction of the railroad and destroyed the Big Bear Creek bridge east of Iuka. The Confederates thus lost, never to recover ithe assembling of the enemy's forces at Corinth to penetrate as far as possible into the vast region watered by the Tennessee, from its source to the vicinity of Eastport, which the Confederates, at that time, had left entirely unprotected. Mitchell was to continue the destruction of the track of the Memphis and Charleston Railro
Pea Ridge, Ark. (Arkansas, United States) (search for this): chapter 2
ilable forces upon these two points, around which were to be decided the possession of the Mississippi, and perhaps the entire fate of the war. Immediately on his return to Corinth, from the 10th to the 12th of April, Beauregard had received the considerable reinforcements for which Johnston would not wait when he fought the battle in which he lost his life. Sterling Price and Van Dorn, leaving the Arkansas and crossing the Mississippi at Helena, brought him the army that had fought at Pea Ridge. Then, his opponents having given him a long respite, all the administrative resources of the Confederate government were brought into action to strengthen his army with new recruits. The States of Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana having been invaded, their militia were ordered to take the field, and were despatched to Corinth: it is true that these soldiers added rather to the numbers than to the strength of Beauregard's army. Finally, toward the 2d or 3d of May, the latter was join
Skidaway Island (Georgia, United States) (search for this): chapter 2
he garrisons at these two points had been increased. The Confederates felt the necessity of concentrating all their forces for the defence of Savannah. Fort Jackson, which had been built during the early stages of the war between the city and Pulaski, on the right bank of the river, had been enlarged and another work erected higher up. Both were mounted with powerful guns, while the Confederates had abandoned, as too far distant, the batteries they had raised a few weeks previously on Skidaway Island to command one of the canals which connect Savannah River with Warsaw Sound. Some Federal launches visited and destroyed these works on the 24th of March. All the approaches to Savannah by water had been closed by means of stockades and the hulls of ships sunk in the river. Tatnall's gunboats were stationed above these obstacles, and since the 22d of February there had been no communication with the garrison of Pulaski, except by means of light boats, which came down in the night wi
Lake Pontchartrain (Louisiana, United States) (search for this): chapter 2
or troops who had to defend it against an enemy having control of the river. North of the city stretches the great Lake Pontchartrain, bordered by gardens and villas, which, at a place called Kenner, above the city, draws so near the Mississippi as n land the irregular peninsula which forms the left side of the delta, and on which stands the city of New Orleans. Lake Pontchartrain, in fact, empties itself into Lake Borgne by means of two deep channels, the Rigolets and the bayou of Chef Menteur that had been placed in these channels, the latter being only defended by two insignificant works. It thus opened Lake Pontchartrain to the small Federal gun-boats, enabling them to navigate there; all retreat on this side, therefore, was impossiblthere was nothing left to prevent the victualling of the fleet. Forts Pike and Macomb, situated at the entrance of Lake Pontchartrain, had been abandoned, and the Confederate steamers which were on the lake were destroyed by their crews even before
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