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Browsing named entities in a specific section of Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 3. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.). Search the whole document.

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be more promptly or more correctly informed. Unfortunately, this intelligence, forwarded by a courier from Frederick, did not reach Meade until the evening of the 1st, when it was no longer of any value, for the events of that day had but too clearly revealed the intentions of the enemy. While preparations were thus being made, sheltered to a great extent by the light earthworks constructed on Cemetery Hill the previous day. South of Ziegler's Grove, Hancock had, since the evening of the 1st, prolonged the Federal left with the troops he had at his disposal as far as the sugar-loaves of the Round Tops, so as to present a solid line to the enemy's troopnding, Stuart's and Kilpatrick's cavalry, which had been pressing close upon each other for some days, were getting near the field of battle. On the evening of the 1st, Stuart, as we are aware, has finally received Lee's orders in the neighborhood of Carlisle. His several detachments are at once directed upon Gettysburg from all
f attacking the Federal army while still divided had vanished with the last glimmer of daylight on the 1st of July; but in resuming the battle on the morning of the 2d, Lee had the great advantage of finding his adversaries scarcely recovered from the combat of the previous day and the rapid marches they had undergone—of surprisinrals along Seminary Ridge, as it would be necessary to abandon all the positions they have just secured. The flank movement is as impracticable on the 3d as on the 2d, but without making a flank march the Federal left wing might be outflanked. It would require, it is true, to contract the line of battle, to reinforce it on the r and which the division and brigade generals imitated in their turn, rendered the best conceived plans and the most daring efforts fruitless. During the day of the 2d, Longstreet, after beginning his attack too late, failed to engage the whole of McLaws' division in time to support that of Hood; Rodes and Early, although close t
g the uselessness of the campaign he had been made to undertake, fell back upon White House on the 3d. Here he found Getty, whose venture had been productive of no other result than the capture of thk, directing him to take the offensive at the same hour, and yet it was only on the morning of the 3d, long after the hour specified, that Longstreet received the necessary orders to put his troops inrtant highway from Bonaughtown unoccupied, has left Custer's brigade there. On the morning of the 3d, Gregg, having been ordered to advance again, so as to cover the right flank of the army, has procion of three brigades, afforded no assistance to the troops engaged on its right and left. On the 3d, Longstreet, while reluctantly executing the orders of his chief, did not give to Pickett's desperat a later period he should not have deprived the right wing of Geary and his two brigades; on the 3d, when he saw Pickett advancing, he had a quarter of an hour's time to prepare for his reception: h
alled to mind the conflict of the 3d of May. Precisely one month to a day had elapsed since this battle when Longstreet's First division, under McLaws, penetrated this henceforth historical Wilderness. Another division followed it closely; the Third, under Hood, was already on the banks of the Rapidan, and the whole army corps, crossing this river, reached the neighborhood of Culpeper Courthouse on the evening of the 7th. A portion of Ewells corps had started in the same direction on the 4th; the remainder moved forward on the morning of the 5th: Hill's corps, therefore, was the only one left to occupy the positions from Taylor's Hill to Hamilton's Crossing in which the army had passed the winter, and it had to be deployed along this line in order to conceal the departure of two-thirds of the army. The vigilance of the outposts had, in fact, prevented Hooker's spies from reporting this departure to him: no one had been able to cross the river for several days. But the movement
fensive, could not thenceforth prevent the enemy from accomplishing his design. Hooker did his best not to allow himself to be surprised or forestalled by Lee. The bridges had been thrown over the river in the afternoon of June 5th, after a pretty sharp engagement with the Confederate skirmishers. As the latter were harassing the pontonniers a great deal, a Federal detachment had crossed the river in boats and dispersed them, after taking about one hundred prisoners. On the morning of the 6th, Hooker made Howe's division cross over to the right side of the Rappahannock. Lee, alarmed at this movement, caused a portion of Hill's corps to advance, holding himself ready to recall Ewell, who had been on the march since the day previous. But Hooker had his hands tied: when he saw the display of forces Howe provoked, he stopped the latter, without having been able to ascertain whether he had the enemy's whole army before him or only a portion of it. As to Lee, he soon discovered the we
be pierced again. With regard to Hooker, he knew on the morning of the 10th that General Lee, with a portion of his infantry, was at Culpeper the day before. But the information obtained by his troopers at the cost of their blood not being under control like the news gathered by the enemy through their intercourse with the inhabitants, all in sympathy with the cause of the South, was naturally very imperfect. Thus, while the two army corps of Longstreet and Ewell were at Culpeper on the 9th, the Union general believed that the latter was still on the right bank of the Rapidan in the neighborhood of Chancellorsville. Consequently, he could not yet fathom the designs of his adversary. Did the latter intend to make a descent into the Valley of Virginia, supporting his cavalry with a corps of infantry, or did he propose to renew the movement which had secured him the victory of Manassas the previous year, by boldly throwing himself between Washington and the Army of the Potomac?
a thought of undertaking a raid on his own account. Longstreet remained at Culpeper with his corps, to form the centre of the long column which was to extend from Fredericksburg to within sight of the Maryland mountains; and on the morning of the 10th, Ewell resumed his line of march. Two brigades of cavalry were ordered to clear his way. Imboden's brigade, which was already among the upper valleys of the Alleghanies above Romney, was instructed to cover his left and destroy the track of the Bcartridges, and a little bread—sleeping in the open air, relying upon the resources of the country for food, Ewell's soldiers advanced rapidly toward the Valley of Virginia. His three divisions and twenty batteries, which had left Culpeper on the 10th, passed through Sperryville, Gaines' Cross-roads, and Flint Hill, crossing the Blue Ridge at Chester Gap, and, pushing beyond Front Royal, reached the banks of the Shenandoah at Cedarville on the evening of the 12th. Ewell immediately made all n
der of the Army of the Potomac began the movement which was rendered necessary by that of his adversary. The presence of Lee with a portion of his army at Culpeper obliged Hooker to extend his right wing along the Upper Rappahannock, which his cavalry was no longer strong enough to defend. His army had to prepare to face westward, whether Lee's intention was to cross this river or to ascend it, in order to reach the valleys which stretch out along the two slopes of the Blue Ridge. On the 11th the Third corps was ordered to take a position along the Rappahannock between Beverly Ford and Rappahannock Station. On the 12th two other corps were sent to occupy positions whence they could afford it speedy relief or dispute the passes of the Bull Run Mountains to the enemy if the latter should follow the road which Jackson had traced out the preceding year. The First corps proceeded to establish itself at Bealeton Station, and the Second, It was the Eleventh.—Ed. more in the rear, at
opes of the Blue Ridge. On the 11th the Third corps was ordered to take a position along the Rappahannock between Beverly Ford and Rappahannock Station. On the 12th two other corps were sent to occupy positions whence they could afford it speedy relief or dispute the passes of the Bull Run Mountains to the enemy if the latter the name of Jessie Scouts, whose members, disguised as Confederate soldiers, overran the country and enacted the part of spies as much as that of warriors. On the 12th he sent out two strong reconnoissances on the Woodstock and Front Royal roads. The first encountered a portion of Jenkins' brigade in the vicinity of Newtown, and ton authorities did not believe in the presence of Ewell in the Valley of Virginia until the 14th, when Milroy's fate had already been virtually settled. On the 12th, however, Hooker, always vigilant, having learned from a negro that Ewell's corps had passed by Sperryville, concluded that, not being able to attack Hill near Fre
It was the Eleventh.—Ed. more in the rear, at Catlett's Station: they reached these points on the 13th. The right wing, thus composed of three corps, was placed under Reynolds, commanding the First cested in Winchester as Miles had been the year before at Harper's Ferry. On the morning of the 13th, Early reached the main road near Newtown, and pushed on toward Winchester, whilst Johnson was mat the North, when telegraphic communications with Winchester were cut off in the afternoon of the 13th, suspected the fate which menaced this place, and the Washington authorities did not believe in tat it was time to follow the movements of the enemy toward the North with all his forces. On the 13th the several corps of his army were on the march. The Second, Sixth and Twelfth corps, which he h vulnerable points. The programme laid out by Lee was carried out in every particular. On the 13th his army was deployed over a stretch of ground exceeding one hundred miles in length, or rather d
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