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Browsing named entities in George Bancroft, History of the Colonization of the United States, Vol. 1, 17th edition..

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John Young (search for this): chapter 13
grant of a charter from the crown, they sought the concurrence of the Council of Plymouth for New England; they were befriended in their application by the Earl of Warwick, and obtained the approbation of Sir Ferdinando Gorges; and on the nineteenth of March, 1628, that body, which had proved itself incapable of colonizing its domain, and could derive revenue only from sales of territory, disregarding a former grant of a large district on the Charles River, conveyed to Sir Henry Roswell, Sir John Young, Thomas Southcoat, John Humphrey, John Endicott, and Simon Whetcomb, a belt of land extending three miles south of the River Charles and the Massachusetts Bay, and three miles north of every part of the River Merrimac, from the Atlantic to the Pacific ocean. The grantees associated to themselves Sir Richard Saltonstall, Isaac Johnson, Matthew Cradock, Increase Nowell, Richard Bellingham, Theophilus Eaton, William Pynchon and others; of whom nearly all united religious zeal with a capaci
rce of the middle ages, concentrated upon the Mediterranean Sea, had enriched the Italian republics, and had been chiefly engrossed by their citizens. Maritime enterprise now transferred its seat to the borders of the Atlantic, and became boundless in its range. It set before itself as its great problem the discovery of a pathway by sea to the Indies; and England, which like Spain and Portugal looked out upon the ocean, became a competitor for the unknown world. The wars of the houses of York and Lancaster 1496. had terminated with the intermarriage of the heirs of the two families; the spirit of commercial activity began to be successfully fostered; and the marts of England were frequented by Lombard adventurers. The fisheries of the north had long tempted the merchants of Bristol to an intercourse with Iceland; and had matured the nautical skill that could buffet the worst storms of the Atlantic. Nor is it impossible, that some uncertain traditions respecting the remote disco
George Yeardley (search for this): chapter 8
desiring to visit England and his family, he appointed George Yeardley deputy-governor, and embarked for his native country. prevailed; Argall was displaced, and the mild and popular Yeardley was now appointed captain-general of the 1619. colony. Bess too horrible to be described. In April, 1619, Sir George Yeardley arrived. Of the emigrants who had been sent over aty was altogether in a poore estate. From the moment of Yeardley's arrival, dates the real life of Virginia. Bringing witbsistence. In conformity with these instructions, Sir George Yeardley sente his summons all over the country, as well to i be impeached. The commission of privileges sent by Sir George Yeardley, was their great charter or organic act, which theyved the colonial assembly which had been convened by Sir George Yeardley; on the twenty-fourth of July, 1621, a memorable ord Francis Wyatt, the successor of the mild but inefficient Yeardley, was commissioned to bear to the colony. The system of r
George Yeardley (search for this): chapter 10
, the organization of the government was not changed; and when Wyatt retired, Sir George 1626. Yeardley was appointed his successor. This appointment was in itself a guaranty, that, as the former inso the representative government, the chief political interest, would be maintained; for it was Yeardley who had had the glory of introducing the system. In the Mar. 4. commission now issued, Haz arrived; and there was an increasing demand for all the products of the soil. The career of Yeardley was now closed by death. Nov. Posterity will ever retain a grateful recollection of the man whplied by election. Hening, i. 134β€”137. Burk, 24. No sooner had the news of the death of Yeardley 1628 reached England, than the king proceeded to issue a commission Hazard, i. 234β€”239. to orate supremacy, the government had been intrusted to impartial agents; and, after the death of Yeardley, two successive chief magistrates had been elected in Virginia. The appointment of Harvey impl
Francis Wyatt (search for this): chapter 8
ing reserved to the governor; but no law or ordinance would be valid, unless ratified by the company in England. It was further agreed, that, after the government of the colony shall have once been framed, no orders of the court in London shall bind the colony, unless they be in like manner ratified Chap. IV.} 1621. by the general assembly. The courts of justice were required to conform to the laws and manner of trial used in the realm of England. Such was the constitution which Sir Francis Wyatt, the successor of the mild but inefficient Yeardley, was commissioned to bear to the colony. The system of representative government and trial by jury thus became in the new hemisphere an acknowledged right. Henceforward the supreme power was held to reside in the hands of the colonial parliament, and of the king, as king of Virginia. On this ordinance Virginia erected the superstructure of her liberties. Its influences were wide and enduring, and can be traced through all her hist
Francis Wyatt (search for this): chapter 9
discouraged its increase by a special tax upon female slaves. Hening, II. 84, Act LIV. March, 1662. The statute implies, that the rule already existed. If Wyatt, on his arrival in Virginia, found the evil 1621 of negro slavery engrafted on the social system, he brought with him the memorable ordinance, on which the fabricdelight in the lock and key, that he would lock and unlock the door a hundred times a day, and thought the device incomparable. Smith, II. 68. Stith, 211. When Wyatt arrived, the natives expressed a fear lest his intentions should be hostile: he assured them of his wish to preserve inviolable peace; and the emigrants had no useg Virginia. The fate of the London company found little sympathy; in the domestic government and franchises of the colony, it produced no immediate change. Sir Francis Wyatt, though he had been an ardent friend of the London company, was confirmed in office; and he and his Aug 26. council, far from being rendered absolute, were
Francis Wyatt (search for this): chapter 10
onial assemblies. For some months, the organization of the government was not changed; and when Wyatt retired, Sir George 1626. Yeardley was appointed his successor. This appointment was in itself power of the governor and council was limited, as it had before been done in the commission of Wyatt, Chap. VI.} by a reference to the usages of the last five years. In that period, representativeable oppression. Hening, l. 231. At length he was superseded, and Sir Francis 1639. Nov. Wyatt Rymer, XX. 484. Hazard, i. 477. Savage on Winthrop, II. 160, 161. Hening, i. 224, and 4. ut Keith, and Beverly, and Chalmers, and Burk, and Marshall, were ignorant of such a governor as Wyatt, in 1639, and represent Berkeley as the immediate successor of Harvey. appointed in his stead. rians, who make an opposite statement, are wholly ignorant of the intermediate administration of Wyatt; a government so suited to the tastes and habits of the planters, that it passed silently away,
vernment was erected, on a foundation as extraordinary as its results were benevolent. Sir George Calvert had early become interested in colonial establishments in America. A native of Yorkshire, Fuller's Worthies, 201. educated at Oxford, Wood's Athenae Oxonienses, 522, 523. with a mind enlarged by 1580. extensive travel, on his entrance into life befriended by Sir Robert Cecil, advanced to the honors of knighthood, and at length employed as one of the two secre- 1619. taries of statee expended his estate in advancing the interests of his settlement on the rugged shores of Avalon, Whitbourne's Newfoundland, in the Cambridge library. Also Purchas, IV. 1882β€”1891; Collier on, Calvert; Fuller's Worthies of Yorkshire, 201, 202; Wood's Athenae Oxonienses, II. 522, 523; Lloyd's State Worthies, in Biog. Brit. article Calvert; Chalmers, 201β€”is related by those who have written of his life. He desired, as a founder of a colony, not present profit, but a reasonable expectation; a
the young king promoted a voyage of discovery, but it tooke no full effect. To avoid interference with Spain, Robert Thorne, of Bristol, who had long resided in Seville, proposed voyages to the east by way of the north; believing that there would be found an open sea near the pole, over which, during the arctic continuous day, Englishmen might reach the land of spices without travelling half so far as by the way of the Cape of Good Hope. In 1527 an expedition, favored by Henry VIII. and Wolsey, sailed from Plymouth for the discovery of the northwest passage. But the larger ship was lost in July among icebergs in a great storm; in August, accounts of the disaster were forwarded to the king and to the cardinal from the haven of St. John, in Newfoundland. The fisheries of that region were already frequented not by the English only, but also by Normans, Biscayans, and Bretons. The repudiation of Catharine of Aragon by Henry VIII. sundered his political connection with Spain, whi
haracter of Champlain, its commander: his answer of proud defiance concealed his weakness; and the intimidated assailants withdrew. But Richelieu sent no season- 1629. able supplies; the garrison was reduced to extreme suffering and the verge of famine; and when the squadron of Kirk reappeared before the town, the English were welcomed as deliverers. Favorable terms were demanded and promised; and Quebec capitulated. Thus did England, one hundred and thirty years before the enterprise of Wolfe, make the conquest of the capital of New France; that is to say, she gained possession of a barren rock and a few wretched hovels, tenanted by a hundred miserable men, who were now but beggars for bread of their vanquishers. Yet the event might fairly be deemed of importance, as pregnant with consequences; and the English admiral could not but admire the position of the fortress. Not a port in North America remained to the French; from Long Island to the Pole, England Chap IX.} 1629 May.
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