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Browsing named entities in a specific section of George Bancroft, History of the Colonization of the United States, Vol. 1, 17th edition.. Search the whole document.

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Hist Coll (search for this): chapter 5
ly been drowned, was revived by the courtesy of the natives; the voyagers robbed a mother of her child, and attempted to kidnap a young woman. Such crimes can be prompted even by the feeble passion of curiosity, and the desire to gratify a vulgar wonder. The harbor of New York especially attracted notice, Chap. I.} 1524 April. for its great convenience and pleasantness; the eyes of the covetous could discern mineral wealth in the hills of New Jersey. Hakluyt, III. 360, 361. N. Y. Hist Coll. i. 52, 53. Moulton's New York, i. 138, 139. In the spacious haven of Newport, Verrazzani remained for fifteen days. The natives were the goodliest people that he had found in the whole voyage. They were liberal and friendly; yet so ignorant, that, though instruments of steel and iron were often exhibited, they did not form a conception of their use, nor learn to covet their possession. Hakluyt, III. 361. Moulton's New York, i. 147, 148. Miller, in N. Y. Hist. Coll. i. 25. Belkn
Poutrincourt (search for this): chapter 5
though difficult of access possessing a small but navigable river, which abounded in fish, and is bordered by beautiful meadows, so pleased the imagination of Poutrincourt, a leader in the enterprise, that he sued for a grant of it from De Monts, and, naming it Port Royal, determined to reside there with his family. The company nt, his lieutenant, attempt to complete the discovery. Twice he was driven back by adverse winds; and at the third Aug. 28. attempt, his vessel was wrecked. Poutrincourt, who had visited France, and was now returned with supplies, himself renewed the design; but, meeting with Nov. 14. disasters among the shoals of Cape Cod, he American continent had been made; two years before James River was discovered, and three years before a cabin had been raised in Canada. The possessions of Poutrincourt were confirmed by 1607 Henry IV.; the apostolic benediction of the Roman pontiff was solicited on families which exiled them- 1608 selves to evangelize infid
ail- Chap. I.} 1535 ing to the north of Anticosti, they ascended the stream in September, as far as a pleasant harbor in the isle, since called Orleans. The natives, Indians of Algonquin descent, received them with unsuspecting hospitality. Leaving his ships safely moored, Cartier, in a boat, sailed up the majestic stream to the chief Indian settlement on the island of Hochelaga. The language of its inhabitants proves them to have been of the Huron family of tribes. Charlevoix, i. 12. Cass, in N. Rev. XXIV. 421. The town lay at the foot of a hill, which he climbed. As he reached the summit, he was moved to admiration by the prospect before him of woods, and waters, and mountains. Imagination presented it as the future emporium of inland commerce, and the metropolis of a prosperous province; filled with bright anticipations, he called the hill Mont-Real, Hakluyt, III. 272. and time, that has transferred the name to the island, is realizing his visions. Cartier also gathere
Henry Levi (search for this): chapter 5
hes of the unhappy Montmorenci, the new viceroy, Champlain, began a fort. The merchants grudged the expense. It is not best to yield to the passions of men, was his reply; they sway but for a season; it is a duty to respect the future; and in a few years the castle St. Louis, so long the place 1624. of council against the Iroquois and against New England, was durably founded on a commanding cliff. In the same year, the viceroyalty was transferred to 1624. the religious enthusiast, Henry de Levi; and through his influence, in 1625, just a year after Jesuits had 1625. reached the sources of the Ganges and Thibet, the banks of the St. Lawrence received priests of the order, which was destined to carry the cross to Lake Superior and the West. The presence of Jesuits and Calvinists led to dissensions. The savages caused disquiet. But the persevering founder of Quebec appealed to the Royal Council and to Richelieu; and though disasters inter- 1627 vened, Champlain successfully
Sebastian (search for this): chapter 5
unconditionally and without limit of time. Under this patent, which, at the first direction of 1497. English enterprise towards America, embodied the worst features of monopoly and commercial restriction, John Cabot, taking with him his son Sebastian, embarked in quest of new islands and a passage to Asia by the north-west. After sailing prosperously, as he thought, for seven hundred leagues, on the twenty-fourth day of June, 1497, early in the morning, almost fourteen months before Columbance to the Chesapeake. The fame of Columbus was soon embalmed in the poetry of Tasso; De Gama is the hero of the national epic of Portugal; but the elder Cabot was so little celebrated, that even the reality of his voyage has been denied; and Sebastian derived neither benefit nor immediate renown from his expedition. His main object had been the discovery of a north-western passage to Asia, and in this respect his voyage was a failure; while Gama was cried up by all the world for having foun
Francis De la Roque (search for this): chapter 5
ticipate the establishment of a state upon the fertile banks of a river, which surpassed all the streams of Europe in grandeur, and flowed through a country situated between nearly the same parallels as France. Soon after a short peace had terminated the third desperate struggle between Francis I. and Charles V., attention to America was again awakened; there were not wanting men at court, who deemed it unworthy a gallant nation to abandon the enterprise; and a noble man of Picardy, Francis de la Roque, lord of Roberval, a man of considerable provincial distinction, sought and obtained Charlevoix, N. F. i. 20, 21. The account in Charlevoix needs to be corrected by the documents and original accounts in L'Escarbot and Hakluyt. a commission. It was easy to confer prov- 1540. Jan. 15. inces and plant colonies upon parchment; Roberval could congratulate himself on being the acknowledged lord of the unknown Norimbega, and viceroy, with full regal authority, over the immense territo
Charlevoix (search for this): chapter 5
1506 Saint Lawrence was drawn by Denys, Charlevoix, i 3 and 4. Memoire sur les Limites de l'acn coast had been 1508 brought to France; Charlevoix, N. F. i. 4. plans of colonization in North . i. 45—60. It is also in Ramusio. Compare Charlevoix, N. F. i. 5—8. with a single caravel, resolul once more under the auspices of France? Charlevoix, Nouv. Fr. i. 7, 8. When the monarch had juinterest. But Chabot, admiral of France, Charlevoix, Nouv. Fr. i 8. a man of bravery and influeto the urgency of the friends of Cartier; Charlevoix, N. F. i. 9. a new commission was issued; th the voyage in Hakluyt, III. 262—285 Compare Charlevoix, N. F. i. 8—15; Belknap's Am. Biog. i. 164— have been of the Huron family of tribes. Charlevoix, i. 12. Cass, in N. Rev. XXIV. 421. The tow on the St. Lawrence, furnished arguments Charlevoix, N. F. i. 20. against attempting a colony. ovincial distinction, sought and obtained Charlevoix, N. F. i. 20, 21. The account in Charlevoix[3 mor
John Cabot (search for this): chapter 5
es of disasters had defeated the wish of the illustrious Genoese to make his first great voyage under the flag of England. It was, therefore, not difficult for John Cabot, a Venetian, then residing at Bristol, to interest that politic king in plans for discovery. On the fifth of March, 1496, he obtained under the great seal a coder this patent, which, at the first direction of 1497. English enterprise towards America, embodied the worst features of monopoly and commercial restriction, John Cabot, taking with him his son Sebastian, embarked in quest of new islands and a passage to Asia by the north-west. After sailing prosperously, as he thought, for service of the king, and once more to set sail with as many companions as would go with Chap. I.} 1498. him of their own will. With this license every trace of John Cabot disappears. He may have died before the summer; but no one knows certainly the time or the place of his end, and it has not even been ascertained in what count
N. England (search for this): chapter 5
Peter Martyr, the historian of the ocean, of that great voyage which was undertaken by the authority of the most wise prince Henry the Seventh, and made known to England a country much larger than Christendom. Thus the year 1498 stands singularly famous in the annals of the sea. In May, Vasco de Gama reached Hindostan by way ond the English courts derided a title, founded, not upon occupancy, but upon the award of a Roman pontiff. The next years of the illustrious mariner, from whom England derived a claim to our shores, are involved in obscurity; but he soon conciliated regard by the placid mildness of his character, and those who Chap. I.} 1498. spared so few memorials of his career. Himself incapable of jealousy, he did not escape detraction. Peter Martyr, d. III. l. VI.; in Eden, fol. 125. He gave England a continent, Chap. I.} 1553 and no one knows his burial-place. It was after long solicitations, that Columbus had obtained the opportunity of discovery. Upon
Historia De la Florida (search for this): chapter 5
probable, that Verrazzani had only retired from the fatigues of the life of a mariner; and, while others believed him buried in the ocean, he may have long enjoyed at Rome the friendship of men of letters, with 1537. the delights of tranquil employment. See Annibale Caro, Lettere Familiari, tom. l. let 12. Yet such is the obscurity of the accounts respecting his life, that certainty cannot be established. Tiraboschi, VII. 263, ed. 1809. Compare, also, Ensayo Cronologico à la Historia de la Florida, Año Mdxxiv. But the misfortunes of the French monarchy did not 1527. affect the industry of its fishermen; who, amidst the miseries of France, still resorted to Newfoundland. There exists a letter Rut, in Purchas, III. 809. to Henry VIII., from the haven Aug 3. of St. John, in Newfoundland, written by an English captain, in which he declares, he found in that one harbor Chap. I.} 1527 eleven sail of Normans and one Breton, engaged in the fishery. The French king, engros
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