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Habits of thought and action fix their stamp on the public code; the faith, the prejudices, the hopes of a people, may be read there; and, as knowledge advances, one prejudice after another, each erroneous judgment, each perverse enactment, yields to the imbodied force of the common will.
The method to success in legislating for Carolina, could only have been the counsels of the emigrants themselves.
The constitutions for Carolina merit attention as the only continued
So, in 1698, April 11, a new form of the fundamental constitutions was agreed on; and article 7 asserts,All power and dominion is most naturally founded in property The two Charters, &c. p. 54,—a small 4to., printed without date. attempt within the United States to connect political power with hereditary wealth.
America was singularly rich in every form of representative government; its political experience was so varied, that, in modern European constitutions, hardly a method of constituting an upper or a popu
the proprietaries, and six chosen by the assembly; an assembly, composed of the governor, the council, and twelve delegates from the freeholders of the incipient settlements,—formed a government worthy of popular confidence.
No interference from abroad was anticipated; for freedom of religion, and security against taxation, except by the colonial legislature, were solemnly conceded.
The colonists were satisfied; the more so, as their lands were confirmed to them, by a solemn grant,
1668, May 1. on the terms which they themselves had proposed.
Williamson, i. 259.
Martin, i. 146.
The authentic record of the legislative history of
1669 North Carolina, begins with the autumn of 1669,
Chalmers, 525, 555, from proprietary papers, and therefore the nearest approach to original authority.
Martin, i. 145, changes the date on inconclusive arguments.
The assembly referred to in the grant of May 1, 1668, must have been an earlier assembly. when the legislators of Albemarle, ign