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Browsing named entities in a specific section of George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 2, 17th edition.. Search the whole document.

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ans formed in England by Sir Robert Heath, or by Lord Maltravers, Heath's assign, were never realized, the desire of extending the settlements to the south still prevailed in Virginia; and twenty years after the excursion of Porey, a company 1642 Jan. that had heard of the river that lay south-west of the Appomattox, petitioned, and soon obtained leave of the 1643 Virginia legislature to prosecute the discovery, under the promise of a fourteen years monopoly of the profits. Hening, i. 262. d condition. South Carolina was a scene of turbulence till the constitutions were abandoned; and industry was unproductive till the colonists despised patronage and relied on themselves. It was in January, 1670, more than a month before 1670. Jan. the revised Model was signed, a considerable number of emigrants set sail for Carolina, which, both from climate and soil, was celebrated in advance as the beauty and envy of North America. Talbot, in dedication of Lederer. They were conducted
ey, we hope to find more facile people than the New England men. Yet they intrusted the affair entirely to Sir William's management. He was to get settlers as cheaply as possible; yet at any rate to get settlers. Like Massachusetts, Virginia was the mother of a Chap XIII.} cluster of states; like the towns of New England, the plantations of Virginia extended along the sea. The country on Nansemund River had been settled as early as 1609; in 1622, the adventurous Porey, then secre- 1622. Feb. tary of the Old Dominion, travelled over land to the South River, Chowan, and, on his return, celebrated the kindness of the native people, the fertility of the country, and the happy climate, that yielded two harvests in each year. Smith's Virginia, II. 64. If no immediate colonization ensued, if the plans formed in England by Sir Robert Heath, or by Lord Maltravers, Heath's assign, were never realized, the desire of extending the settlements to the south still prevailed in Virginia; and
March 24th (search for this): chapter 3
ransitory existence, except in the institutions which sprung from its decay. The reign of Charles II. was not less remarkable for the rapacity of the courtiers, than for the debauchery of the monarch. The southern part of our republic, ever regarded as capable of producing all the staples that thrive on the borders of the tropics, was coveted by statesmen who controlled the whole patronage of the British realms. The province of Carolina, extending from the thirty-sixth degree of 1663 Mar. 24. north latitude to the River San Matheo, was accordingly erected into one territory; and the historian Clarendon, the covetous though experienced minister, hated by the people, faithful only to the king; Pepys, i. 192, 366. Evelyn. Monk, so conspicuous in the restoration, and now ennobled as duke of Albemarle; Lord Craven, Life of Lord Keeper Guilford, 393. Pepys, i. 115. a brave Cavalier, an old soldier of the German discipline, supposed to be husband to the queen of Bohemia; Lord
April 1st (search for this): chapter 3
more deeply into the forests. It is known that, in 1662, the chief of the Yeopim Indians granted to George Durant Winthrop, II. 334, speaks of Mr. Durand, of Nansemund, elder of a Puritan very orthodox church, in that county, and banished from Virginia in 1648, by Sir William Berkeley. Were the exile and the colonist in any way connected? the neck of land which still bears his name; Mss. communicated by D. L. Swain, governor of North Carolina, in 1835. and, in the Chap XIII.} 1663 April 1. following year, George Cathmaid could claim from Sir William Berkeley a large grant of land upon the Sound, as a reward for having established sixty-seven persons in Carolina. Mss. from D. L. Swain. This may have been the oldest considerable settlement; there is reason to believe that volunteer emigrants had preceded them. Chalmers, 519, For some years. In September, the colony had attracted the attention of the proprietaries, and Berkeley was commissioned to institute a government o
April 11th (search for this): chapter 3
. Habits of thought and action fix their stamp on the public code; the faith, the prejudices, the hopes of a people, may be read there; and, as knowledge advances, one prejudice after another, each erroneous judgment, each perverse enactment, yields to the imbodied force of the common will. The method to success in legislating for Carolina, could only have been the counsels of the emigrants themselves. The constitutions for Carolina merit attention as the only continued So, in 1698, April 11, a new form of the fundamental constitutions was agreed on; and article 7 asserts,All power and dominion is most naturally founded in property The two Charters, &c. p. 54,—a small 4to., printed without date. attempt within the United States to connect political power with hereditary wealth. America was singularly rich in every form of representative government; its political experience was so varied, that, in modern European constitutions, hardly a method of constituting an upper or a popu
April 19th (search for this): chapter 3
oves on the savannahs, that resembled the parks in England; Wilson's Carolina. 11 the laws of the moral world are unyielding. A parliamentary convention was held; five members of the grand council were elected to act with five whom the proprietaries had appointed; the whole body possessed a veto on the executive; and, with the governor and twenty delegates, who were now elected by the people, constituted the legislature of the province. Representative government was established 1672. April 19. and continued to be cherished. In 1672, all previous parliaments and parliamentary conventions were dissolved; for the colonists, now rapidly increasing, demanded a new parliament. Such was the government which South Carolina instituted for herself; it did not deem it possible to conform more closely to the constitutions. But the proprietaries indulged the vision of realizing their introduction. John Locke, with Sir John Yeamans and James Carteret, was created a landgrave; and the revi
the proprietaries, and six chosen by the assembly; an assembly, composed of the governor, the council, and twelve delegates from the freeholders of the incipient settlements,—formed a government worthy of popular confidence. No interference from abroad was anticipated; for freedom of religion, and security against taxation, except by the colonial legislature, were solemnly conceded. The colonists were satisfied; the more so, as their lands were confirmed to them, by a solemn grant, 1668, May 1. on the terms which they themselves had proposed. Williamson, i. 259. Martin, i. 146. The authentic record of the legislative history of 1669 North Carolina, begins with the autumn of 1669, Chalmers, 525, 555, from proprietary papers, and therefore the nearest approach to original authority. Martin, i. 145, changes the date on inconclusive arguments. The assembly referred to in the grant of May 1, 1668, must have been an earlier assembly. when the legislators of Albemarle, ign
d dignity. The two Charters to the Proprietors of Carolina, small 4to. The grant had hardly been made before it became apparent that there were competitors, claiming possession of the same territory. It was included by the Spaniards within the limits of Florida; and the castle of St. Augustine was deemed proof of the actual possession of an indefinite adjacent country. Spain had never formally acknowledged the English title to any possessions in America; and when a treaty was 1667. May 23. finally concluded at Madrid, it did but faintly concede the right of England to her transatlantic colonies, and to a continuance of commerce in the accustomed seas. And not Spain only claimed Carolina. In 1630, a patent for all the territory had been issued to Sir Robert Heath; and there is room to believe that, in 1639, permanent plantations were planned and perhaps attempted by his assign. Hening, i. 552. Records in the office of the general court at Richmond, labelled No. 1, 1639
June 13th (search for this): chapter 3
ndred souls. Many preferred it, as a place of residence, to Barbadoes, and Yeamans, who understood the nature of colonial trade, managed its affairs without reproach. Williamson, i. 100. Meantime the proprietaries, having collected minute information respecting the coast, had learned to covet an extension of their domains; and, indifferent to the claims of Virginia, and in open contempt of the garrison of Spain at St. Augustine, the covetous Clarendon and his associates easily 1665 June 13. obtained from the king a new charter, which granted to them, from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean, all the land lying between twenty-nine degrees and Chap. XIII.} 1665. thirty-six degrees thirty minutes, north latitude; a territory extending seven and a half degrees from north to south, and more than forty degrees from east to west; comprising all the territory of North and South Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas, much of Florida and Missouri, near
e rivers that flow into Albemarle Sound. The company was led by Roger Green, and his services were rewarded by the 1653. July. grant of a thousand acres, while ten thousand acres were offered to any hundred persons who would plant on the banks of t Quaker king, the rival of the ancient philosophers, to whom the world had erected statues. The constitutions were 1669, July. signed on the twenty-first of July, 1669; and a commission as governor was issued to William Sayle. In a second draft church remained for a season; while Miller proceeded to the province, in which he was now to hold the triple office 1677. July of president or governor, secretary, and collector. The government had for about a year been left in Chap XIII.} 1677 the shores of Carolina as the refuge where they were assured of favor. Even Shaftesbury, when he was committed to 1681. July. the Tower, desired leave to expatriate himself, and become an inhabitant of Carolina. Lingard's England, XIII. c. VII
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