ew women and children,—most of the men being disband-
Chap. XXI.} ed Canadian soldiers,—embarked for the Mississippi, which, as yet, had never been entered from the sea.
1698. Happier than La Salle, the leader of the enterprise won confidence and affection every where: the governor of St. Domingo gave him a welcome, and bore
Dec. a willing testimony to his genius and his good judgment.
A larger ship of war from that station joined the expedition, which, in January, 1699, caught a
1699 Jan. 27. glimpse of the continent, and anchored before the Island St. Rose.
On the opposite shore, the fort of Pensacola had just been established by three hundred Spaniards from Vera Cruz.
This prior occupation is the reason why, afterwards, Pensacola remained a part of Florida, and the dividing line between that province and Louisiana was drawn between the bays of Pensacola and Mobile.
Obedient to his orders, and to the maxims of the mercantile system, the governor of Pensacola would allow no
From Montreal, a party of one hundred and ten,
1690. Jan. composed of French, and of the Christian Iroquois,— having De Mantet and Sainte Helene as leaders, and D'Iberville, the hero of Hudson's Bay, as a volunteer, —for two-and-twenty days, waded through snows and morasses, through forests and across rivers, to Schenectady.
The village had given itself calmly to slumber: through open and unguarded gates the invaders entered silently, and having, just before midnight,
Feb. 8. reached its heart, the war-whoop was raised, (dreadful sound to the mothers of that place and their children!) and the dwellings set on fire.
Of the inhabitants, some, half clad, fled through the snows to Albany; sixty were massacred, of whom seventeen were children, and ten were Africans.
For such ends had the hardships of a winter's expedition, frost, famine, and frequent deaths, been encountered: such was war.
The party from Three Rivers, led by Hertel, and consisting of but fifty-t