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Illinois (Illinois, United States) (search for this): chapter 5
been adopted at a very early period, after La Salle's return from Illinois; it was certainly in use early in the last century. Tradition prerom Mexico, were exhibited to Cadillac as the produce of a mine in Illinois; and, elated by the seeming assurance of success, he hurried up thlley, it takes rank, in point of age, of every settlement south of Illinois. The monopoly of Crozat was terminated by its surrender. The mony at the south, with D'Artaguette and troops from his command in Illinois, and probably from the Wabash, was directed to meet, on the tenth er, and, in the moment of victory, was disabled. The red men from Illinois, dismayed at the check, fled precipitately. Voisin, a lad of but ile a new expedition against the Chickasas, receiving aid not from Illinois only, but even from Montreal and Quebec, and from France, made itsepted the calumet. The fort at Memphis was razed; the troops from Illinois and from Canada drew back; the fort on the St. Francis was dismant
Maryland (Maryland, United States) (search for this): chapter 5
res were taken for its abrogation; and, in the mean time, Francis Nicholson—an adept in co-Icnial governments, trained by experience in New York, in Virginia, in Maryland; brave, and not penurious, but narrow and irascible; of loose morality, yet a fervent supporter of the church—received a royal commission as provisional governornty rapidly pervaded the country. In 1738, the New England currency was worth but one hundred for five hundred; that of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Maryland, one hundred for Chap. XXIII.} one hundred and sixty or seventy, or two hundred; of South Carolina, one for eight; while of North Caroli-Na—of all the states thme; the spirit of insubordination grew by indulgence; squatters increased Chap. XXIII.} so rapidly, that their number threatened to become their security. And Maryland was as restless as Pennsylvania; Lord Baltimore, though a very reasonable gentleman, was most insolently treated by some of his 1728 assemblies. The result was<
Quebec (Canada) (search for this): chapter 5
y forts. The red men became alarmed. Away went their 1717 1720 chiefs across the forests to Quebec, to ask if France had indeed surrendered the country, of which they themselves were the rightfulhe Kennebec. They sent deputies to carry the hatchet and chant the war-song among the Hurons of Quebec, and in every village of the Abenakis. The war-chiefs met at Norridgewock, and the work of destgin, is not too early. Thus began the commonwealth of Indiana. Travellers, as they passed from Quebec to Mobile or New Orleans, pitched their tents on the banks of the Wabash; till, at last, in 174cort of fourteen Canadians, went fearlessly from Dauphine Island, by way of the Mobile River, to Quebec, and returned to the banks of the Mississippi with his family. The most successful colonists ofpedition against the Chickasas, receiving aid not from Illinois only, but even from Montreal and Quebec, and from France, made its rendezvous in Arkan- 1739. sas, on the St. Francis River. In the la
Alleghany Mountains (United States) (search for this): chapter 5
uld have been with the possessions of the company Greenhow's Memoir 216. of Hudson's Bay, no treaty, no commission, appears to have fixed its limits. On the east, the line as between Spain and France was the half way between the Spanish garrison at Pensacola and the fort which, in 1711, the French had established on the site of the present city of Mobile: with regard to England, Louisiana was held to embrace the whole valley of the Mississippi. Not a fountain bubbled on the west of the Alleghanies but was claimed as being within the French empire. Louisiana stretched to the head-springs of the Alleghany and the Monongahela, of the Kenawha and the Tennessee. Half a mile from the head of the southern branch of the Savannah River is Herbert's Spring, which flows to the Mississippi: strangers, who drank Adah 231 of it, would say they had tasted of French waters. The energy of the centralized government of New France enabled it to act with promptness; and, before the English gov
Tennessee (Tennessee, United States) (search for this): chapter 5
to send deputies to England; and English writers interpreted their assent as an act of homage to the British monarch. In England, a treaty of alliance, offensive and defensive, was drawn up by the English, and signed by the name and seal of one party, by the emblems and marks of the other. No white men, except the English, might build cabins or plant corn upon the wide lands of the Cherokees. Thus a nation rose up as a barrier against the French. The seven envoys from the mountains of Tennessee, already bewildered by astonishment at the vastness of London, and the splendor and discipline of the English army, were presented at court; and when the English king claimed their land and all the country about them as his property, surprise and inadvertence extorted from one of their war-chieftains the irrevocable answer, Too-eu-hah,—it is a most certain truth; and the 1730. Sept. delivery of eagles' feathers confirmed his words. The covenant promised that love should flow forever like
La Salle, Niagara county (New York, United States) (search for this): chapter 5
ecas. He was become, by adoption, one of their own citizens and sons, and to the culture of a Frenchman added the Chap. XXIII.} fluent eloquence of an Iroquois warrior. I have no happiness, said he in council, like that of living with my brothers; and he asked leave to build himself a Charlevoix, III. 226. dwelling. He is one of our own children, it was said, in reply; he may build where he will. And he planted himself in the midst of a group of cabins, at Lewiston, higher than where La Salle had driven a 1721. rude palisade, and where Denonville had designed to lay the foundations of a settlement. In May of 1721 a party arrived at the spot to take measures for a permanent establishment; among them were the son of the governor of New France, De Longeuil, from Montreal, and the admirable Charlevoix, best of early writers on American history. It was then resolved to construct a fortress. The party were not insensible to the advantages of the country; they observed the rich soi
Michigan (Michigan, United States) (search for this): chapter 5
oth nations Chap. XXIII.} might resort to each other for the reciprocal benefit of their trade; and an active commerce subsisted between Albany and Montreal by means of the Christian Iroquois. In the administration of Burnet, that commerce was prohibited; and, amidst the bitter hostility of the merchants whose trade was interrupted, New York established a commercial post at Oswego. This was 1722 the first in the series of measures which carried the bounds of the English colonies towards Michigan, and, in public opinion, annexed the north-west to our country. In 1727, this trading-post was converted into a fortress, in defiance of the discontent of the Iroquois and the constant protest of France. It was the avenue through which the west was reached by English traders, and the Miamis, and even the Hurons from Detroit, found their way to Albany. The limit of jurisdiction, as between England and France, was not easy of adjustment. Canada, by its original charter, comprised the wh
California (California, United States) (search for this): chapter 5
e country watered by the St. Lawrence and its tributaries was possessed by France. The same geographical view was applied by the French to their province of Louisiana. On the side of Spain, at the west and south, it was held to extend to the River del Norte; and of the map published by the French Academy, the line passing from that river to tile ridge that divides it from the Red River followed that ridge to the Rocky Mountains, and then descended to seek its termination in the Gulf of California. On the Gulf of Mexico, it is certain that France claimed to the Del Norte. At the north-west, where its collision would have been with the possessions of the company Greenhow's Memoir 216. of Hudson's Bay, no treaty, no commission, appears to have fixed its limits. On the east, the line as between Spain and France was the half way between the Spanish garrison at Pensacola and the fort which, in 1711, the French had established on the site of the present city of Mobile: with regard t
Tombigbee River (United States) (search for this): chapter 5
a had been regarded Hawks' Mss. i. 29, 30. as a tame and peaceable people; they were very largely in debt for the advances which had been made Hassell, Marston, Le Jeu, in Hawks' Mss. i. 407, &c. Carroll's Coll. II. 570, &c. 353, 548. Martin's Louisiana, i. 185. them; and the traders began to be hard upon them, because they would be paid. The influence of Bienville, of Louisiana, prevailed with the Choctas, and the English were driven from their villages. The whole Indian world from Mobile River to Cape Fear was in commotion. The Yamassees renewed friendly relations with the Spaniards at St. Augustine; they won the alliance of the Catawbas and the Cherokees; and their messenger with the bloody stick threaded his way through flowering groves to the new towns of the Appalachian emigrants on the Savannah, to the ancient villages of the Uchees, and bounded across the rivers along which the various tribes of the Muskhogees had their dwellings; and they delayed their Chap. XXIII.} r
Natchitoches (Louisiana, United States) (search for this): chapter 5
roops sent by the king, joined to the colonists, did not swell the inhabitants of the colony to more than seven hundred, including persons of every age, sex, and color. These few were extended 1714 1717 from the neighborhood of the Creeks to Natchitoches. On the head waters of the Alabama, at the junction of the Coosa and the Tallapoosa, with the aid of a band 1714. of Choctas, Fort Toulouse, a small military post, was Chap. XXIII.} built and garrisoned. After a short period of hostilitieith eighteen prisoners. On the eighth of February, Loubois arrived, and 1730 Feb. 8 completed the victory. Of the Natchez, some fled to neighboring tribes for shelter; the remainder of the nation crossed the Mississippi to the vicinity of Natchitoches. They were pursued, and, partly by stratagem, 1731 partly by force, their place of refuge was taken. Some fled still farther to the west. Of the scattered remnants, some remained with the Chickasas; others found a shelter among the Muskhog
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